Latin American Thought Philosophical Problems and Arguments

ISBN-10: 0813365538

ISBN-13: 9780813365534

Edition: 2002

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Description:

Susana Nuccetelli explores the link between philosophy and rationality in Latin American thought. Issues considered include the nature of justice, human rights, and cultural identity which have always been at the centre of the Latin American debate.
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Book details

List price: $45.00
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Westview Press
Publication date: 12/31/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 292
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.232

Preface
The Epistemic Practices of Latin American Indians: A Puzzle for Philosophers
Why Should We Care About Native Cultures?
Rational Prediction in the West
Prediction Among the Mayans
The Case of Mayan Astrology
The Case of Mayan Prophecies
What Sort of Rationality Is Mayan Rationality?
An Argument for Strong Rationalism
The Principle of Charity Versus Strong Rationalism
A Further Objection to Strong Rationalism
The Bridgehead View
First Objection to the Bridgehead View
Second Objection to the Bridgehead View
Weak Rationality and Critial Thinking
Discussion Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Notes
Could the Mayans Think? And What About Us?
The Weak Rationality Argument
Human Rationality and Animal Rationality
A Metaphorical Interpretation of Mayan Prediction
"True for the Mayans,"
Is Rationality Relative?
"True in the Context of Mayan Culture,"
Ordinary Thinkers Versus Super Thinkers
Cognitive Pluralism
Super Thinkers Versus Animal Thinkers
Neither Super Thinkers nor Animal Thinkers
Mayan Rationality Reconsidered
Could the Natives of Latin America Think?
Why the Mayans' Massive Error Does Not Amount to Irrationality
Discussion Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Notes
Native Folk Cosmologies Versus Western Philosophy and Science
Understanding the Natural World: Latin America and the West
Folk Cosmologies in Latin America
Folk Cosmologies in the West
Questions That Make Little Sense to Ask
Are Folk Cosmologies Philosophy?
Did Ancient Latin American Civilizations Have Any Philosophy?
What Bernardino de Sahagun Saw in the Colonies
Is Philosophy Universal? Latin Americans Follow the West
Antonio Caso on the Philosophical Character
Jose Vasconcelos' "Super-Criterion,"
Argumentation as a Demarcation Criterion
The Ancestors of Philosophy in the West
The Ancestors of Philosophy in Latin America
Philosophy Today in Latin America and the West
Discussion Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Notes
The Legacy of 1492: Pluralism, Relativism, and the Clash of Cultures
What Would Santayana Say About Magic Thought and Prayers?
Could Magic Really Help in Understanding the Natural World?
Relativism Revisited: The Linguistic Argument
A Contribution from Cultural Anthropology
Avoiding Ethnocentrism
Getting Tough-Minded
Pluralism Without Cultural Relativism
Completing the Analogy
Philosophy, Science, and World Cultures
Francisco Romero: Not All Cultures Are Created Equal
The "Species Chauvinism" Objection Against Romero
Is There a Natural Selection of Cultures?
Discussion Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Notes
Thomistic Philosophy and the Conquest: Human Rights in the New World
Human Rights: A Moral Dilemma
Conflict of Cultures and of Religions, Too
Was the Conquest Morally Justified?
Were the Indians "Natural Slaves"?
The Theory of Natural Slaves in Context
Sepulveda Defeated by a Non-Scholastic Alternative
Montaigne and the Relativist Alternative
Las Casas's Scholastic Defense of the Rights of the Indians
Lascasianism: A Philosophy or a Political Agenda?
Vitoria: Humanism About International Law and Natural Rights
Discussion Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Notes
Iberian Scholasticism and Its Critics: From Colonial Rule to Independence
The Scholastic Paradigm
Jose de Acosta Versus Aristotelian Science
Acosta's Concerns in Perspective
Sor Juana: Could Women Think in Colonial Mexico?
The Perils of a Certain Scholastic Dispute
Was Sor Juana a Radical Feminist?
Colonial Scholasticism in Context
Simon Bolivar: Independence Leads to Puzzles
Must Political Systems Accommodate Ethnic Diversity?
Sarmiento's Dilemma: Whose Civilization Is Preferable to Barbarism?
Is There a Connection Between Race and Character? Facundo's Ethnic Stereotypes
Discussion Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Notes
Latin Americans, North Americans, and the Rest of the World
Autochthonous Positivists
Positivism in Brazil
Latin American Positivists and "First Philosophy,"
Positivism in Mexico
Rodo on Hispanic Identity: A True Latin Americanist?
Ariel Vindicated: The Latin American Critique of the United States
Marti on Social Justice and the Americas
Indians, Land, and Race
The Actual Needs of the Oppressed
The Oppressed Against Mariategui
Discussion Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Notes
Latin American Identity: Ethnicity, Name, and Thought
The Collective Identity of Latin Americans: A Puzzle
Describing Versus Evaluating Ethnic Groups
A Latin American Race?
Collective Identity: A Resolution
Should Latin Americans Have No Name at All?
Is There a Reason to Name Groups of People?
"Hispanics" Versus "Latinos,"
A Characteristically Latin American Philosophy? Getting Critical
Philosophy in Latin America Versus Latin American Philosophy
How Is Latin American Philosophy Possible?
Latin American Thought Versus Latin America Philosophy
Discussion Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Notes
Author Index
Subject Index
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