Robert Harry Lowie (born Robert Heinrich Lï¿½we; June 12, 1883 - September 21, 1957) was an Austrian-born American anthropologist. An expert on North American Indians, he was instrumental in the development of modern anthropology. Lowie was born and spent the first ten years of his life in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, but came to the United States in 1893. He studied at the College of the City of New York. In 1909, he became assistant curator at the American Museum of Natural History, New York. During his time there, Lowie became a specialist in American Indians. In fact, Lowie became an authority on the Crow Indians. In 1917, he became assistant professor at the University of California, Berkeley. From 1925 until his retirement in 1950, he was professor of anthropology at Berkeley. Lowie's greatest works include: The Material Culture of the Crow Indians, (1922); Psychology and Anthropology of Races, (1923); History of Ethnological Theory, (1937); and Towards Understanding Germany, (1954).