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Vietnam and America The Most Comprehensive Documented History of the Vietnam War

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ISBN-10: 0802133622

ISBN-13: 9780802133625

Edition: 2nd 1995

Authors: Marvin E. Gettleman, Jane Franklin, Marilyn B. Young, H. Bruce Franklin, Grove/Atlantic Publishing Staff

List price: $20.00
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Book details

List price: $20.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 1995
Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/14/1995
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 560
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.090
Language: English

Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 - September 28, 1891) was born into a seemingly secure, prosperous world, a descendant of prominent Dutch and English families long established in New York State. That security vanished when first, the family business failed, and then, two years later, in young Melville's thirteenth year, his father died. Without enough money to gain the formal education that professions required, Melville was thrown on his own resources and in 1841 sailed off on a whaling ship bound for the South Seas. His experiences at sea during the next four years were to form in part the basis of his best fiction. Melville's first two books, Typee (1846) and Omoo (1847), were partly romance and partly autobiographical travel books set in the South Seas. Both were popular successes, particularly Typee, which included a stay among cannibals and a romance with a South Sea maiden. During the next several years, Melville published three more romances that drew upon his experiences at sea: Redburn (1849) and White-Jacket (1850), both fairly realistic accounts of the sailor's life and depicting the loss of innocence of central characters; and Mardi (1849), which, like the other two books, began as a romance of adventure but turned into an allegorical critique of contemporary American civilization. Moby Dick (1851) also began as an adventure story, based on Melville's experiences aboard the whaling ship. However, in the writing of it inspired in part by conversations with his friend and neighbor Hawthorne and partly by his own irrepressible imagination and reading of Shakespeare and other Renaissance dramatists Melville turned the book into something so strange that, when it appeared in print, many of his readers and critics were dumbfounded, even outraged. By the mid-1850s, Melville's literary reputation was all but destroyed, and he was obliged to live the rest of his life taking whatever jobs he could find and borrowing money from relatives, who fortunately were always in a position to help him. He continued to write, however, and published some marvelous short fiction pieces Benito Cereno" (1855) and "Bartleby, the Scrivener" (1853) are the best. He also published several volumes of poetry, the most important of which was Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War (1866), poems of occasionally great power that were written in response to the moral challenge of the Civil War. His posthumously published work, Billy Budd (1924), on which he worked up until the time of his death, became Melville's last significant literary work, a brilliant short novel that movingly describes a young sailor's imprisonment and death. Melville's reputation, however, rests most solidly on his great epic romance, Moby Dick. It is a difficult as well as a brilliant book, and many critics have offered interpretations of its complicated ambiguous symbolism. Darrel Abel briefly summed up Moby Dick as "the story of an attempt to search the unsearchable ways of God," although the book has historical, political, and moral implications as well. Melville died at his home in New York City early on the morning of September 28, 1891, at age 72. The doctor listed "cardiac dilation" on the death certificate. He was interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York, along with his wife, Elizabeth Shaw Melville.

General Introduction
Vietnam's Revolutionary Tradition
First Appeal to the United States (June 18, 1919)
"The Path Which Led Me to Leninism" (1960)
Founding of the Doc-Lap Dong Minh Hoi (June 1941)
Imperial Abdication (August 1945)
Vietnam Declaration of Independence (September 2, 1945)
The Franco-Vietnamese War, 1945-1954: Origins of US Involvement
The French Return: Two State Department Views (April 1945)
Vietnam's Second Appeal to the United States: Cable to President Harry S. Truman (October 17, 1945)
Franco-Vietnamese Agreement on the Independence of Vietnam (March 1946)
Sponsoring French Colonialism: The State Department Decision (May 1950)
Taking Up the White Man's Burden: Two American Views (1954)
Vietnamese Victory: Dien Bien Phu, 1954
The Geneva Cease-Fire (July 20, 1954)
Final Declaration of the Geneva Conference (July 21, 1954)
Close of the Geneva Conference (July 21, 1954)
Cold War Combat: Tactics After Geneva
Heroin and Politics in Saigon
Elections and Reunification Denied (1955)
"Vietnam's Democratic One-Man Rule"
A Flawed Commitment: US Endorsement, with Conditions, of Ngo Dinh Diem (1954)
Genesis of US Support for the Regime of Ngo Dinh Diem
Behind the Miracle of South Vietnam
The Legal Underpinnings of Government Terror in South Vietnam: Law 10/59
Washington's Man in Saigon: American Commitment to South Vietnam (1961)
"No Other Road to Take": Origin of the National Liberation Front in Ben Tre
Founding Program of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam
"The Political and Military Line of Our Party"
US National Security Memorandum: Policy-Planning for Counterinsurgency (1962)
The Rise and Fall of "Counterinsurgency," 1961-1964
The Buddhist Crisis of 1963: The View from Washington from The Pentagon Papers
Diem Must Go: The US Embassy in Saigon Orchestrates a Coup d'Etat (1963)
The Blueprint for an Americanized War (1963-1964) from The Pentagon Papers
The Gulf of Tonkin "Incidents" and Resolution (1964)
Rationale for Escalation: The US Government "White Paper" of 1965
Refutation of the "White Paper"
"Defeat American Escalation": Report to the National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1965)
Negotiations? Hanoi's Four Points (April 8, 1965) and Washington's Fourteen Points (January 7, 1966)
US Crisis Managers Choose from Among Diminishing Options (1965)
"We Won't Go"
"Freedom Draft Card"
Two Poems: "Afterthoughts on a Napalm-Drop on Jungle Villages near Haiphong" and "Truth Blazes Even in Little Children's Hearts"
"Declaration of Conscience Against the War in Vietnam" (1965)
"We Refuse - October 16" (1967)
"A Call to Resist Illegitimate Authority" (1967)
"Declaration of Independence from the War in Vietnam" (April 1967)
"Deserters' Manifesto" (1968)
"Constraints of the Negro Civil Rights Movement on American Military Effectiveness" (1970)
"The Collapse of the Armed Forces" (1971)
"The Year of Decision - 1968"
"Remembering the Tet Offensive"
The Aftermath of Tet
"Peace in Vietnam and Southeast Asia": Address to the Nation (March 31, 1968)
What Happened at My Lai?
Negotiating Positions of 1969: The NLF's Ten Points (May 8) and Nixon's Eight Points (May 14)
"Vietnamization" (November 3, 1969)
Explaining the "Secret War" in Laos (March 6, 1970)
Rationale for the Invasion of Cambodia (April 30, 1970)
Vietnam Veterans Against the War: Testimony to the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee (April 22, 1971)
The Ecological Impact of the Air War
Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam: The Paris Peace Accords (January 27, 1973)
US Promise of Postwar Reconstruction: Letter to DRV Prime Minister Pham Van Dong (February 1, 1973)
War Powers Resolution (1973)
The "Great Spring Victory: An Account of the Liberation of South Vietnam" (1975)
" 'The Last Chapter'?"
Epilogue: "The Vietnam War in American Memory"
App. A. Chronology
App. B. Glossary
App. C. Select Bibliography