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Closing the Asylums Causes and Consequences of the Deinstitutionalization Movement

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ISBN-10: 0786470984

ISBN-13: 9780786470983

Edition: 2012

Authors: George Paulson

List price: $45.00
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One of the most significant medical and social initiatives of the twentieth century was the demolition of the traditional state hospitals that housed most of the mentally ill, and the placement of the patients out into the community. The causes of this deinstitutionalization included both idealism and legal pressures, newly effective medications, the establishment of nursing and group homes, the woeful inadequacy of the aging giant hospitals, and an attitudinal change that emphasized environmental and social factors, not organic ones, as primarily responsible for mental illness. Though closing the asylums promised more freedom for many, encouraged community acceptance, and enhanced…    
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Book details

List price: $45.00
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date: 6/25/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 220
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.44" tall
Weight: 0.660
Language: English

Introduction: Dorothea Dix Hospital and Hilltop, and Why I Care
Hilltop Asylum in Columbus, Ohio
Did DI Result from Attitudinal Change, and Did It Reflect New Wisdom?
Building Obsolescence and Deinstitutionalization
Did Deinstitutionalization Reflect the Arrival of Successful Medications, or Was Medication Only a New Chemical Straitjacket?
Role of New Disciplines in Mental Hospitals
Urbanization, Loss of a Rural Location
Advances in Public Health and Public Attitudes
The Increase in Social and Community Resources and Their Effect on Enhancing Freedom for the Patients
Legal Initiatives as a Major Factor in Change
Elimination from the Hospitals of the Physically Handicapped
Summary, with Consequences of Deinstitutionalization