Closing the Asylums Causes and Consequences of the Deinstitutionalization Movement
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One of the most significant medical and social initiatives of the twentieth century was the demolition of the traditional state hospitals that housed most of the mentally ill, and the placement of the patients out into the community. The causes of this deinstitutionalization included both idealism and legal pressures, newly effective medications, the establishment of nursing and group homes, the woeful inadequacy of the aging giant hospitals, and an attitudinal change that emphasized environmental and social factors, not organic ones, as primarily responsible for mental illness. Though closing the asylums promised more freedom for many, encouraged community acceptance, and enhanced…
List price: $45.00
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date: 6/25/2012
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.44" tall
|Introduction: Dorothea Dix Hospital and Hilltop, and Why I Care
|Hilltop Asylum in Columbus, Ohio
|Did DI Result from Attitudinal Change, and Did It Reflect New Wisdom?
|Building Obsolescence and Deinstitutionalization
|Did Deinstitutionalization Reflect the Arrival of Successful Medications, or Was Medication Only a New Chemical Straitjacket?
|Role of New Disciplines in Mental Hospitals
|Urbanization, Loss of a Rural Location
|Advances in Public Health and Public Attitudes
|The Increase in Social and Community Resources and Their Effect on Enhancing Freedom for the Patients
|Legal Initiatives as a Major Factor in Change
|Elimination from the Hospitals of the Physically Handicapped
|Summary, with Consequences of Deinstitutionalization