Essentials of Computer Organization and Architecture

ISBN-10: 0763737690

ISBN-13: 9780763737696

Edition: 2nd 2006 (Revised)

List price: $157.95
30 day, 100% satisfaction guarantee

If an item you ordered from TextbookRush does not meet your expectations due to an error on our part, simply fill out a return request and then return it by mail within 30 days of ordering it for a full refund of item cost.

Learn more about our returns policy

Description:

The Essentials of Computer Organization and ArchitectureLinda Null, Pennsylvania State University, Julia Lobur, Pennsylvania State UniversityThe Essentials of Computer Organization and Architectureis not just for computer science majors. It would also be appropriate for anyone desiring an overview of computer organization and architecture, with an emphasis on the necessary foundation concepts. Another goal of this book is to serve as a resource for students and professionals interested in knowing how computers work and how they are designed, and ultimately in using these fundamental concepts to improve any computer-related project they might undertake.The Essentials of Computer Organization and Architectureis a textbook originally designed as the main text for a one-semester organization and architecture course for computer science majors typically taken in the their sophomore or junior year.Appropriate Courses-Computer Architecture-Computer Organization-Computer Organization & Architecture
what's this?
Rush Rewards U
Members Receive:
coins
coins
You have reached 400 XP and carrot coins. That is the daily max!
Study Briefs

Limited time offer: Get the first one free! (?)

All the information you need in one place! Each Study Brief is a summary of one specific subject; facts, figures, and explanations to help you learn faster.

Add to cart
Study Briefs
Medical Terminology Online content $4.95 $1.99
Add to cart
Study Briefs
Medical Math Online content $4.95 $1.99
Customers also bought
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading

Book details

List price: $157.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC
Publication date: 2/27/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 799
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.50" long x 2.00" tall
Weight: 3.608

Introduction
Overview
The Main Components of a Computer
An Example System: Wading Through the Jargon
Standards Organizations
Historical Development
Generation Zero: Mechanical Calculating Machines (1642-1945)
The First Generation: Vacuum Tube Computers (1945-1953)
The Second Generation: Transistorized Computers (1954-1965)
The Third Generation: Integrated Circuit Computers (1965-1980)
The Fourth Generation: VLSI Computers (1980-????)
Moore's Law
The Computer Level Hierarchy
The von Neumann Model
Non-von Neumann Models
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
Data Representation in Computer Systems
Introduction
Positional Numbering Systems
Decimal to Binary Conversions
Converting Unsigned Whole Numbers
Converting Fractions
Converting between Power-of-Two Radices
Signed Integer Representation
Signed Magnitude
Complement Systems
Unsigned Versus Signed Numbers
Computers, Arithmetic, and Booth's Algorithm
Carry Versus Overflow
Floating-Point Representation
A Simple Model
Floating-Point Arithmetic
Floating-Point Errors
The IEEE-754 Floating-Point Standard
Range, Precision, and Accuracy
Additional Problems with Floating-Point Numbers
Character Codes
Binary-Coded Decimal
EBCDIC
ASCII
Unicode
Error Detection and Correction
Cyclic Redundancy Check
Hamming Codes
Reed-Soloman
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
Boolean Algebra and Digital Logic
Introduction
Boolean Algebra
Boolean Expressions
Boolean Identities
Simplification of Boolean Expressions
Complements
Representing Boolean Functions
Logic Gates
Symbols for Logic Gates
Universal Gates
Multiple Input Gates
Digital Components
Digital Circuits and Their Relationship to Boolean Algebra
Integrated Circuits
Combinational Circuits
Basic Concepts
Examples of Typical Combinational Circuits
Sequential Circuits
Basic Concepts
Clocks
Flip-Flops
Finite State Machines
Examples of Sequential Circuits
An Application of Sequential Logic: Convolutional Coding and Viterbi Detection
Designing Circuits
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
MARIE: An Introduction to a Simple Computer
Introduction
CPU Basics and Organization
The Registers
The ALU
The Control Unit
The Bus
Clocks
The Input/Output Subsystem
Memory Organization and Addressing
Interrupts
MARIE
The Architecture
Registers and Buses
Instruction Set Architecture
Register Transfer Notation
Instruction Processing
The Fetch-Decode-Execute Cycle
Interrupts and the Instruction Cycle
MARIE's I/O
A Simple Program
A Discussion on Assemblers
What Do Assemblers Do?
Why Use Assembly Language?
Extending our Instruction Set
A Discussion on Decoding: Hardwired Versus Microprogrammed Control
Machine Control
Hardwired Control
Microprogrammed Control
Real-World Examples of Computer Architectures
Intel Architectures
MIPS Architectures
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
A Closer Look at Instruction Set Architectures
Introduction
Instruction Formats
Design Decisions for Instruction Sets
Little Versus Big Endian
Internal Storage in the CPU: Stacks Versus Registers
Number of Operands and Instruction Length
Expanding Opcodes
Instruction Types
Data Movement
Arithmetic Operations
Boolean Logic Instructions
Bit Manipulation Instructions
Input/Output Instructions
Instructions for Transfer of Control
Special Purpose Instructions
Instruction Set Orthogonality
Addressing
Data Types
Address Modes
Instruction-Level Pipelining
Real-World Examples of ISAs
Intel
MIPS
Java Virtual Machine
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
Memory
Introduction
Types of Memory
The Memory Hierarchy
Locality of Reference
Cache Memory
Cache Mapping
Replacement Policies
Effective Access Time and Hit Ratio
When Does Caching Break Down?
Cache Write Policies
Instruction and Data Caches
Levels of Cache
Virtual Memory
Paging
Effective Access Time Using Paging
Putting It All Together: Using Cache, TLBs, and Paging
Advantages and Disadvantages of Paging and Virtual Memory
Segmentation
Paging Combined with Segmentation
A Real-World Example of Memory Management
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
Input/Output and Storage Systems
Introduction
I/O and Performance
Amdahl's Law
I/O Architectures
I/O Control Methods
Character I/O Versus Block I/O
I/O Bus Operation
Data Transmission Modes
Parallel Data Transmission
Serial Data Transmission
Magnetic Disk Technology
Rigid Disk Drives
Flexible (Floppy) Disks
Optical Disks
CD-ROM
DVD
Blue-Violet Laser Disks
Optical Disk Recording Methods
Magnetic Tape
RAID
RAID Level 0
RAID Level 1
RAID Level 2
RAID Level 3
RAID Level 4
RAID Level 5
RAID Level 6
RAID DP
Hybrid RAID Systems
The Future of Data Storage
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
System Software
Introduction
Operating Systems
Operating Systems History
Operating System Design
Operating System Services
Protected Environments
Virtual Machines
Subsystems and Partitions
Protected Environments and the Evolution of Systems Architectures
Programming Tools
Assemblers and Assembly
Link Editors
Dynamic Link Libraries
Compilers
Interpreters
Java: All of the Above
Database Software
Transaction Managers
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
Alternative Architectures
Introduction
RISC Machines
Flynn's Taxonomy
Parallel and Multiprocessor Architectures
Superscalar and VLIW
Vector Processors
Interconnection Networks
Shared Memory Multiprocessors
Distributed Computing
Alternative Parallel Processing Approaches
Dataflow Computing
Neural Networks
Systolic Arrays
Quantum Computing
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
Topics in Embedded Systems
Introduction
An Overview of Embedded Hardware
Off-the-Shelf Embedded System Hardware
Configurable Hardware
Custom-Designed Embedded Hardware
An Overview of Embedded Software
Embedded Systems Memory Organization
Embedded Operating Systems
Embedded Systems Software Development
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
Performance Measurement and Analysis
Introduction
Computer Performance Equations
Mathematical Preliminaries
What the Means Mean
The Statistics and Semantics
Benchmarking
Clock Rate, MIPS, and FLOPS
Synthetic Benchmarks: Whetstone, Linpack, and Dhrystone
Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation Benchmarks
Transaction Processing Performance Council Benchmarks
System Simulation
CPU Performance Optimization
Branch Optimization
Use of Good Algorithms and Simple Code
Disk Performance
Understanding the Problem
Physical Considerations
Logical Considerations
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
Network Organization and Architecture
Introduction
Early Business Computer Networks
Early Academic and Scientific Networks: The Roots and Architecture of the Internet
Network Protocols I: ISO/OSI Protocol Unification
A Parable
The OSI Reference Model
Network Protocols II: TCP/IP Network Architecture
The IP Layer for Version 4
The Trouble with IP Version 4
Transmission Control Protocol
The TCP Protocol at Work
IP Version 6
Network Organization
Physical Transmission Media
Interface Cards
Repeaters
Hubs
Switches
Bridges and Gateways
Routers and Routing
High-Capacity Digital Links
The Digital Hierarchy
ISDN
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
A Look at the Internet
Ramping on to the Internet
Ramping up the Internet
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
Selected Storage Systems and Interfaces
Introduction
SCSI Architecture
"Classic" Parallel SCSI
The SCSI Architecture Model-3
Internet SCSI
Storage Area Networks
Other I/O Connections
Parallel Buses: XT to ATA
Serial ATA and Serial Attached SCSI
Peripheral Component Interconnect
A Serial Interface: USB
High Performance Peripheral Interface: HiPPI
Chapter Summary
Further Reading
References
Review of Essential Terms and Concepts
Exercises
Data Structures and the Computer
Introduction
Fundamental Structures
Arrays
Queues and Linked Lists
Stacks
Trees
Network Graphs
Summary
Further Reading
References
Exercises
Glossary
Answers and Hints for Selected Exercises
Index
×
Free shipping on orders over $35*

*A minimum purchase of $35 is required. Shipping is provided via FedEx SmartPost® and FedEx Express Saver®. Average delivery time is 1 – 5 business days, but is not guaranteed in that timeframe. Also allow 1 - 2 days for processing. Free shipping is eligible only in the continental United States and excludes Hawaii, Alaska and Puerto Rico. FedEx service marks used by permission."Marketplace" orders are not eligible for free or discounted shipping.

Learn more about the TextbookRush Marketplace.

×