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Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology

ISBN-10: 0736074678

ISBN-13: 9780736074674

Edition: 2011

Authors: Phillip Gardiner

List price: $159.00
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Book details

List price: $159.00
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Publication date: 3/30/2011
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 248
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Phillip F. Gardiner, PhD, is a professor and director of the Health, Leisure & Human Performance Research Institute at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg. He holds professorial positions in kinesiology and physiology and is a member of the Spinal Cord Research Center. Author of the Human Kinetics books Neuromuscular Aspects of Physical Activity (2001) and Skeletal Muscle Form and Function(coauthor, 2006), Dr. Gardiner has also published over 100 research articles on neuromuscular system adaptability.In 2007, Dr. Gardiner received the Honour Award, the highest award bestowed by the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology. He was also awarded the Tier I Canada Research Chair at the University of Manitoba in 2002, which was subsequently renewed following peer review in 2009.Dr. Gardiner served as the president of the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology and as coeditor in chief of the Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology. He is currently chair of the Advisory Board for the Institute of Musculoskeletal Health and Arthritis, part of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.Dr. Gardiner resides in Winnipeg, Manitoba, with his wife, Kalan, where he enjoys fly-fishing, brewing his own beer, playing piano, and wrestling with his two Labrador retrievers.

Series Preface
Preface
Acknowledgments
Credits
Muscle Fibers, Motor Units, and Motoneurons
Muscle Heterogeneity
Orderly Motor Unit Recruitment
Smaller Motoneurons Are More Excitable
Membrane Resistivity and Motoneuron Size
Other Factors Determining Action Potential Generation
Minimal Firing Rates and Afterhyperpolarization Durations
Motoneuron Current-Frequency Relationship and Excitability
Late Adaptation
Motoneuron PICs
Summary
Motor Unit Recruitment During Different Types of Movements
Measuring Human Motor Unit Recruitment
Influence of Task
Slow-Ramp Isometric Contractions
Maintained Isometric Contractions
Isometric Contractions in Various Directions
Isometric Contractions Versus Movements
Lengthening Contractions
Cocontraction of Agonists and Antagonists
Unilateral Versus Bilateral Contractions
Rhythmic Complex Contractions
Maximal Voluntary Contractions
Summary
Muscle Blood Flow and Metabolism
Muscle Blood Flow
Muscle Metabolism
Summary
Peripheral Factors in Neuromuscular Fatigue
Intramuscular Factors and Muscle Force
Involvement of Structures Other Than Muscle
Research From Animal Experiments
Summary
Central Factors in Neuromuscular Fatigue
Motoneuron Activity During Sustained Contractions
Isometric Versus Anisometric Tasks
Rotation of Motor Units?
Summary
Muscular Mechanisms in Aerobic Endurance Training
Chronic Muscle Stimulation
Coordination of Muscle Protein Systems
Pretranslational Control
Translational Control
Posttransiational Modifications
Simultaneous Expression of Isoforms
Adaptations Can Occur Ex Vivo
Adaptations Appear in a Specific Sequence
Thresholds of Activity for Adaptation
Chronic Stimulation and Atrophy
Metabolic Signals and the Adaptive Response
Degenerative and Regenerative Processes
Summary
Neural Mechanisms in Aerobic Endurance Training
Adaptation of the Neuromuscular Junction
Responses of Motoneurons
Adaptations of Spinal Cord Circuits
Summary
Muscle Molecular Mechanisms in Strength Training
Acute Responses in Protein Synthesis and Degradation
Connective Tissue Responses
Role of Muscle Damage
Role of Dietary Supplements
Summary
Muscle Property Changes in Strength Training
Increased Muscle Fiber Cross-Sectional Area
Fiber Type Composition
Muscle Fiber Number
Muscle Composition
Muscle Architecture
Muscle Fiber Ultrastructure
Evoked Isometric Contractile Properties
Changes in Muscle Force, Velocity, and Power
Fatigue Resistance
Role of Eccentric Contractions
Summary
Neural Mechanisms in Strength Training
Gains in Strength Versus Muscle Girth
Strength Gains Show Task Specificity
Surface EMG Response During MVC
Imaginary Strength Training
Reflex Adaptations
Cross Education
Decreased Activation of Antagonists
Changes in Motor Unit Recruitment
Changes in Motor Cortex
Summary
References
Index
About the Author