Catholicism and Democracy An Essay in the History of Political Thought

ISBN-10: 0691153949

ISBN-13: 9780691153940

Edition: 2012

List price: $45.95
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Description:

Catholicism and Democracyis a history of Catholic political thinking from the French Revolution to the present day. Emile Perreau-Saussine investigates the church's response to liberal democracy, a political system for which the church was utterly unprepared.Looking at leading philosophers and political theologians--among them Joseph de Maistre, Alexis de Tocqueville, and Charles Pguy--Perreau-Saussine shows how the church redefined its relationship to the State in the long wake of the French Revolution. Disenfranchised by the fall of the monarchy, the church in France at first embraced that most conservative of ideologies, "ultramontanism" (an emphasis on the central role of the papacy). Catholics whose church had lost its national status henceforth looked to the papacy for spiritual authority. Perreau-Saussine argues that this move paradoxically combined a fundamental repudiation of the liberal political order with an implicit acknowledgment of one of its core principles, the autonomy of the church from the state. However, as Perreau-Saussine shows, in the context of twentieth-century totalitarianism, the Catholic Church retrieved elements of its Gallican heritage and came to embrace another liberal (and Gallican) principle, the autonomy of the state from the church, for the sake of its corollary, freedom of religion. Perreau-Saussine concludes that Catholics came to terms with liberal democracy, though not without abiding concerns about the potential of that system to compromise freedom of religion in the pursuit of other goals.
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Book details

List price: $45.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 1/24/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 200
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.968
Language: English

Emile Perreau-Saussine (1972-2010) was a lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge. He was the author of "Alasdair MacIntyre."

Foreword
Introduction
A New Role for the Papacy: The Origins of Vatican I
From Bossuet to Maistre: The Deconfessionalization of the State as a Political Problem
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy
The Autonomy of the Temporal Power in Relation to the Church
The Alliance of Church and State as a Matrix of Intolerance
The Inadequacy of Spiritual Constraints and the Need for Temporal Constraints
The French Revolution through the Lens of Political Theology
The Collapse of Reactionary Ultramontanism
Napoleons Miscalculations
F�licit� de Lamennais on the Atheism of the Law
Against Political Theology
A Papacy Refocused on Its Spiritual Role
Alexis de Tocqueville and the Preservation of Gallicanism
A New Role for the Laity: The Origins of Vatican II
Intolerant Secularism and Liberal Secularism
Auguste Comte: From Papal Infallibility to the Infallibility of Science
Laicism as Statism
Two Kinds of Laicity
Emile Littr�'s "Catholicism of Universal Suffrage"
Charles P�guy: The Eternal Dwelling in the Temporal
The Political Virtues of Moderation
Neither Maurras nor Marx
The Political Role of the Laity
Freedom of Religion as the Cornerstone of Catholic Political Thought
A Degree of Disenchantment since Vatican II
A Positive Idea of Laicity
Conclusion
Notes
Index
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