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Quantum Generations A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century

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ISBN-10: 0691095523

ISBN-13: 9780691095523

Edition: 1999

Authors: Helge Kragh

List price: $62.50
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Description:

The 20th century has seen monumental changes in the field of physics. The rise of quantum mechanics, relativity and cosmology have changed the way people look at space, time, and matter. This book charts the 20th-century development of physics.
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Book details

List price: $62.50
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 3/24/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 512
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.540
Language: English

Preface
From Consolidation to Revolution
Fin-de-Siecle Physics: A World Picture in Flux
The World of Physics
Personnel and Resources
Physics Journals
A Japanese Look at European Physics
Discharges in Gases and What Followed
A New Kind of Rays
From Becquerel Rays to Radioactivity
Spurious Rays, More or Less
The Electron before Thomson
The First Elementary Particle
Atomic Architecture
The Thomson Atom
Other Early Atomic Models
Rutherford's Nuclear Atom
A Quantum Theory of Atomic Structure
The Slow Rise of Quantum Theory
The Law of Blackbody Radiation
Early Discussions of the Quantum Hypothesis
Einstein and the Photon
Specific Heats and the Status of Quantum Theory by 1913
Physics at Low Temperatures
The Race Toward Zero
Kammerlingh Onnes and the Leiden Laboratory
Superconductivity
Einstein's Relativity, and Others'
The Lorentz Transformations
Einsteinian Relativity
From Special to General Relativity
Reception
A Revolution that Failed
The Concept of Electromagnetic Mass
Electron Theory as a Worldview
Mass Variation Experiments
Decline of a Worldview
Unified Field Theories
Physics in Industry and War
Industrial Physics
Electrons at Work, I: Long-Distance Telephony
Electrons at Work, II: Vacuum Tubes
Physics in the Chemists' War
From Revolution to Consolidation
Science and Politics in the Weimar Republic
Science Policy and Financial Support
International Relations
The Physics Community
Zeitgeist and the Physical Worldview
Quantum Jumps
Quantum Anomalies
Heisenberg's Quantum Mechanics
Schrodinger's Equation
Dissemination and Receptions
The Rise of Nuclear Physics
The Electron-Proton Model
Quantum Mechanics and the Nucleus
Astrophysical Applications
1932, Annus Mirabilis
From Two to Many Particles
Antiparticles
Surprises from the Cosmic Radiation
Crisis in Quantum Theory
Yukawa's Heavy Quantum
Philosophical Implications of Quantum Mechanics
Uncertainty and Complementarity
Against the Copenhagen Interpretation
Is Quantum Mechanics Complete?
Eddington's Dream and Other Heterodoxies
Eddington's Fundamentalism
Cosmonumerology and Other Speculations
Milne and Cosmophysics
The Modern Aristotelians
Physics and the New Dictatorships
In the Shadow of the Swastika
Aryan Physics
Physics in Mussolini's Italy
Physics, Dialectical Materialism, and Stalinism
Brain Drain and Brain Gain
American Physics in the 1930s
Intellectual Migrations
From Uranium Puzzle to Hiroshima
The Road to Fission
More than Moonshine
Toward the Bomb
The Death of Two Cities
Progress and Problems
Nuclear Themes
Physics of Atomic Nuclei
Modern Alchemy
Hopes and Perils of Nuclear Energy
Controlled Fusion Energy
Militarization and Megatrends
Physics--A Branch of the Military?
Big Machines
A European Big Science Adventure
Particle Discoveries
Mainly Mesons
Weak Interactions
Quarks
The Growth of Particle Physics
Fundamental Theories
QED
The Ups and Downs of Field Theory
Gauge Fields and Electroweak Unification
Quantum Chromodynamics
Cosmology and the Renaissance of Relativity
Toward the Big Bang Universe
The Steady State Challenge
Cosmology after 1960
The Renaissance of General Relativity
Elements of Solid State Physics
The Solid State Before 1940
Semiconductors and the Rise of the Solid State Community
Breakthroughs in Superconductivity
Engineering Physics and Quantum Electronics
It Started with the Transistor
Microwaves, the Laser, and Quantum Optics
Optical Fibers
Science under Attack--Physics in Crisis?
Signs of Crisis
A Revolt against Science
The End of Physics?
Unifications and Speculations
The Problem of Unity
Grand Unified Theories
Superstring Theory
Quantum Cosmology
A Look Back
Nobel Physics
A Century of Physics in Retrospect
Growth and Progress
Physics and the Other Sciences
Conservative Revolutions
Further Reading
Bibliography
Index