From the Maccabees to the Mishnah

ISBN-10: 0664227430

ISBN-13: 9780664227432

Edition: 2nd 2006

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In this new edition of a best-selling classic, Shaye Cohen offers a thorough analysis of Judaism's development from the early years of the Roman Empire to the formative period of rabbinic Judaism. Cohen's synthesis of religion, literature, and history offers deep insight into the nature of Judaism at this key period, including the relationship between Jews and Gentiles, the function of Jewish religion in the larger community, and the development of normative Judaism and other Jewish sects. In addition, Cohen provides clear explanations concerning the formation of the biblical canon and the roots of rabbinic Judaism. Now completely updated and revised, this book remains the clearest introduction to the era that shaped Judaism and provided the context for early Christianity.
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Book details

List price: $30.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
Publication date: 6/6/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 300
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.880
Language: English

Shaye J. D. Cohen received a B.A. in classics from Yeshiva College in 1970, a M.A. in Judaica and rabbinic ordination at the Jewish Theological Seminary, and a second M.A. and a Ph.D. in ancient history at Columbia University. A director and professor of Judaic Studies at Brown University, he previously worked at the Jewish Theological Seminary as Dean of the Graduate School, and was a visiting Professor of History at Columbia University. Holding a keen interest in the history of Judaism and its social and legal boundaries, his published works include Josephus in Galilee and Rome: His Vita and Development as a Historian and From the Maccabees to the Mishnah: A Profile of Judaism. He has also written numerous articles and book chapters on the menstrual taboo in Judaism. He has received numerous honors, including the Faculty Fellow and Whiting Fellow from Columbia University, the Fellowship from the Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture, and the Fellow of the American Academy for Jewish Research.

Foreword to the First Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Ancient Judaism: Chronology and Definitions
Periodization and Perspective
From Preexilic Israel to Second Temple Judaism
Unity and Diversity
Jews and Gentiles
Political: Gentile Domination
The Maccabean Rebellion
The Rebellion Against the Romans (66-74 CE)
The Wars of 115-117 CE and 132-135 CE
Cultural: Judaism and Hellenism
"Hellenism," "Hellenization," and "Hellenistic Judaism"
Judaism and Hellenistic Culture
Social: Jews and Gentiles
Anti-Judaism and "Anti-Semitism"
The Jewish "Religion": Practices and Beliefs
The Worship of God
Ritual Observances
Ritual and Ethics
"Legalism" and "the Yoke of the Law"
Women's Judaism
Kingship of God
Reward and Punishment
The Community and Its Institutions
The Public Institutions of the Land of Israel
The Temple
The Sanhedrin
The Public Institutions of the Diaspora
The Synagogue
Private Organizations
Professional Guilds
Sectarian and Normative
"Sect" and "Heresy"
The Focal Points of Jewish Sectarianism
Law as Focal Point
Temple as Focal Point
Scripture as Focal Point
"Orthodox" and "Normative"
Proto-Sectarianism in the Persian Period
Ezra and Nehemiah
"The Congregation of the Exile" and Nehemiah 10
Isaiah 65
Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes
Sources Written in Greek: Josephus
Sources Written in Greek: The New Testament
Sources Written in Hebrew: Qumran Scrolls
Sources Written in Hebrew: Rabbinic Texts
The Names of the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes
Summary: From the Persian Period to the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes
Other Sects and Groups
"Fourth Philosophy," Sicarii, and Zealots
Canonization and Its Implications
"Canon" and "Canonical"
The History of the Biblical Canon
The Torah
The Prophets
The Writings
The Tripartite Canon
Why These and Not Those?
The Implications of Canonization
From Prophecy to Apocalypse
Scriptural Interpretation
The Emergence of Rabbinic Judaism
"The Rabbis" and "The Rabbinic Period"
What Is the Mishnah?
From Second Temple Judaism to Rabbinic Judaism
Relations with Gentiles
Rabbinic Religion
Society and Institutions
The End of Sectarianism
Canon and Literature
Suggestions for Further Reading
Glossary of Technical Terms
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