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Organic Chemistry A Short Course

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ISBN-10: 0618215433

ISBN-13: 9780618215430

Edition: 11th 2003 (Student Manual, Study Guide, etc.)

Authors: Harold Hart, Leslie E. Craine, David J. Hart

List price: $166.76
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Description:

Through its emphasis on applications, thorough problem-solving pedagogy and excellent problem sets, this volume presents a solid introduction to modern organic chemistry.
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Book details

List price: $166.76
Edition: 11th
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: CENGAGE Learning
Publication date: 8/9/2002
Binding: Mixed Media
Pages: 566
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.838
Language: English

Bonding and Isomerism
How Electrons Are Arranged in Atoms
Ionic and Covalent Bonding
Carbon and the Covalent Bond
Carbon-Carbon Single Bonds
Polar Covalent Bonds
Multiple Covalent Bonds
Valence
Isomerism
Writing Structural Formulas
Abbreviated Structural Formulas
Formal Charge
Resonance
Arrow Formalism
The Orbital View of Bonding; the Sigma Bond
Carbon sp3 Hybrid Orbitals
Tetrahedral Carbon; the Bonding in Methane
Classification According to Molecular Framework
Classification According to Functional Group Additional Problems
Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Conformational and Geometric Isomerism
The Structures of Alkanes
Nomenclature of Organic Compounds
IUPAC Rules for Naming Alkanes
Alkyl and Halogen Substituents
Use of the IUPAC Rules
Sources of Alkanes A Closer Look At: Natural Gas
Physical Properties of Alkanes and Nonbonding Intermolecular Interactions A Closer Look At: Hydrogen Bonding
Conformations of Alkanes
Cycloalkane Nomenclature and Conformation
Cis-trans Isomerism in Cycloalkanes
Summary of Isomerism A Word About: Isomers, Possible and Impossible
Reactions of Alkanes A Word About: Methane, Marsh Gas, and Miller's Experiment
The Free-Radical Chain Mechanism of Halogenation Reaction Summary Mechanism Summary Additional Problems
Alkenes and Alkynes
Definition and Classification
Nomenclature
Some Facts About Double Bonds
The Orbital Model of a Double Bond; the Pi Bond
Cis-trans Isomerism in Alkenes A Word About: The Chemistry of Vision
Addition and Substitution Reactions Compared
Polar Addition Reactions
Addition of Unsymmetric Reagents to Unsymmetric Alkenes; Markovnikov's Rule
Mechanism of Electrophilic Addition to Alkenes
Markovnikov's Rule Explained
Reaction Equilibrium: What Makes a Reaction Go?
Reaction Rates: How Fast Does a Reaction Go?
Hydroboration of Alkenes
Addition of Hydrogen
Additions to Conjugated Systems
Free-Radical Additions; Polyethylene
Oxidation of Alkenes A Word About: Ethylene: Raw Material and Plant Hormone
Some Facts About Triple Bonds
The Orbital Model of a Triple Bond
Additon Reactions of Alkynes A Word About: Petroleum, Gasoline, and Octane Number A Closer Look At: Petroleum
Acidity of Alkynes Reaction Summary Mechanism Summary Additional Problems
Aromatic Compounds
Some Facts About Benzene
The Kekulea Structure of Benzene
The Resonance Model for Benzene
Orbital Model for Benzene
Symbols for Benzene
Nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds
The Resonance Energy of Benzene
Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution
The Mechanism of Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution
Ring-Activating and Ring-Deactivating Substituents
Ortho, Para-Directing, and Meta-Directing Groups
The Importance of Directing Effects in Synthesis
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons A Word About: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Cancer A Word About: C60, an Aromatic Sphere: The Fullerenes A Closer Look At: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Reaction Summary Mechanism Summary Additional Problems
Stereoisomerism
Chirality and Enantiomers
Stereogenic Centers; the Stereogenic Carbon Atom
Configuration and the R-S Convention
The E-Z Convention for Cis-trans Isomers
Polarized Light and Optical Activity A Word About: Pasteur's Experiments and the van't Hoff-LeBel Explanation
Properties of Enantiomers
Fischer Projection Formulas
Compounds with More Than One Stereogenic Center; Diastereomers
Meso Compounds; the Stereoisomers of Tartaric Acid
Stereochemistry; a Recap of Definitions
Stereochemistry and Chemical Reactions A Word About: Enantiomers and Biological Activity
Resolution of a Racemic Mixture A Closer Look At: Thalidomide Additional Problems
Organic Halogen Compounds; Substitution and Elimination Reactions
Nucleophilic Substitution
Examples of Nucleophilic Substitution
Nucleophilic Substitution Mechanism
The SN2 Mechanism
The SN1 Mechanism
The SN1 and SN2 Mechanisms Compared A Word About: SN2 Reactions in Nature: Biological Methylations
Dehydrohalogenation, an Elimination Reaction; the E2 and E1 Mechanisms
Substitution and Elimination in Competition
Polyhalogenated Aliphatic Compounds A Word About: CFCs, the Ozone Layer, and Trade-Offs A Word About: Halogenated Organic Compounds from the Sea Reaction Summary Mechanism Summary Additional Problems
Alcohols, Phenols, and Thiols
Nomenclature of Alcohols A Word About: Industrial Alcohols
Classification of Alcohols
Nomenclature of Phenols
Hydrogen Bonding in Alcohols and Phenols
Acidity and Basicity Reviewed
The Acidity of Alcohols and Phenols
The Basicity of Alcohols and Phenols
Dehydration of Alcohols to Alkenes
The Reaction of Alcohols with Hydrogen Halides
Other Ways to Prepare Alkyl Halides from Alcohols
A Comparison of Alcohols and Phenols
Oxidation of Alcohols to Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids A Word About: Biologically Important Alcohols and Phenols
Alcohols with More Than One Hydroxyl Group
Aromatic Substitution in Phenols A Word About: Quinones and the Bombardier Beetle
Oxidation of Phenols
Phenols as Antioxidants
Thiols, the Sulfur Analogs of Alcohols and Phenols A Word About: Hair, Curly or Straight Reaction Summary Additional Problems
Ethers and Epoxides
Nomenclature of Ethers
Physical Properties of Ethers
Ethers as Solvents
The Grignard Reagent; an Organometallic Compound
Preparation of Ethers A Closer Look At: MTBE
Cleavage of Ethers A Word About: Ether and Anesthesia
Epoxides (Oxiranes) A Word About: The Gypsy Moth's Epoxide
Reactions of Epoxides
Cyclic Ethers Reaction Summary Additional Problems
Aldehydes and Ketones
Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones
Some Common Aldehydes and Ketones
Synthesis of Aldehydes and Ketones
Aldehydes and Ketones in Nature
The Carbonyl Group
Nucleophilic Addition to Carbonyl Groups; an Overview
Addition of Alcohols: Formation of Hemiacetals and Acetals
Addition of Water; Hydration of Aldehydes and Ketones
Addition of Grignard Reagents and Acetylides
Addition of Hydrogen Cyanide; Cyanohydrins
Addition of Nitrogen Nucleophiles
Reduction of Carbonyl Compounds
Oxidation of Carbonyl Compounds
Keto-Enol Tautomerism
Acidity of a-Hydrogens; the Enolate Anion
Deuterium Exchanges in Carbonyl Compounds
The Aldol Condensation
The Mixed Aldol Condensation A Word About: Water Treatment and the Chemistry of Enols/Enolates
Commercial Syntheses via the Aldol Condensation Reaction Summary Mechanism Summary Additional Problems
Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives
Nomenclature of Acids
Physical Properties of Acids
Acidity and Acidity Constants
What Makes Carboxylic Acids Acidic?
Effect of Structure on Acidity; the Inductive Effect Revisited
Conversion of Acids to Salts
Preparation o