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Note: Each chaper concludes with Key Equations, Problems, and Suggested Reading | |

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The Nature of Physical Chemistry and the Kinetic Theory of Gases | |

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The Nature of Physical Chemistry | |

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Some Concepts from Classical Mechanics | |

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Systems, States, and Equilibrium | |

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Thermal Equilibrium | |

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Pressure and Boyle's Law Biography: Robert Boyle | |

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Gay-Lussac's (Charles's) Law | |

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The Ideal Gas Thermometer | |

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The Equation of State for an Ideal Gas | |

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The Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Ideal Gases | |

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The Barometric Distribution Law | |

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The Maxwell Distribution of Molecular Speeds and Translational Energies | |

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Real Gases | |

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Equations of State | |

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The Virial Equation Appendix: Some Definite and Indefinite Integrals Often Used in Physical Chemistry | |

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The First Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Origins of the First Law | |

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States and State Functions | |

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Equilibrium States and Reversibility | |

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Energy, Heat, and Work | |

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Thermochemistry | |

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Ideal Gas Relationships | |

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Real Gases | |

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The Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics Biography: Rudolph Julius Emmanuel Clausius | |

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The Carnot Cycle | |

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Irreversible Processes | |

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Molecular Interpretation of Entropy | |

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The Calculation of Entropy Changes | |

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The Third Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Conditions for Equilibrium | |

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The Gibbs Energy | |

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Some Thermodynamic Relationships | |

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The Gibbs-Helmholtz Equation | |

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Thermodynamic Limitations to Energy Conversion | |

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Chemical Equilibrium Biography: Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff | |

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Chemical Equilibrium Involving Ideal Gases | |

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Equilibrium in Nonideal Gaseous Systems | |

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Chemical Equilibrium in Solution | |

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Heterogeneous Equilibrium | |

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Tests for Chemical Equilibrium | |

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Shifts of Equilibrium at Constant Temperature | |

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Coupling of Reactions | |

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Temperature Dependence of Equilibrium Constants | |

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Pressure Dependence of Equilibrium Constants | |

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Phases and Solutions | |

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Phase Recognition | |

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Vaporization and Vapor Pressure | |

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Classification of Transitions in Single-Component Systems | |

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Ideal Solutions: Raoult's and Henry's Laws | |

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Partial Molar Quantities | |

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The Chemical Potential | |

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Thermodynamics of Solutions | |

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The Colligative Properties | |

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Phase Equilibria | |

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Equilibrium Between Phases | |

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One-Component Systems | |

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Binary Systems Involving Vapor | |

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Condensed Binary Systems | |

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Thermal Analysis | |

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More Complicated Binary Systems | |

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Crystal Solubility: The Krafft Boundary and Krafft Eutectic | |

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Ternary Systems | |

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Solutions of Electrolytes | |

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Faraday's Laws of Electrolysis Biography: Michael Faraday | |

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Molar Conductivity | |

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Weak Electrolytes: The Arrhenius Theory Biography: Svante August Arrhenius | |

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Strong Electrolytes | |

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Independent Migration of Ions | |

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Transport Numbers | |

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Ion Conductivities | |

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Thermodynamics of Ions | |

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Theories of Ions in Solution | |

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Activity Coefficients | |

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Ionic Equilibria | |

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Ionization of Water | |

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The Donnan Equilibrium | |

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Electrochemical Cells | |

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The Daniell Cell | |

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Standard Electrode Potentials | |

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Thermodynamics of Electrochemical Cells | |

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Types of Electrochemical Cells | |

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Applications of emf Measurements | |

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Fuel Cells | |

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Photogalvanic Cells | |

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Batteries, Old and New | |

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Chemical Kinetics | |

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The Basic Ideas | |

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Rates of Consumption and Formation | |

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Rate of Reaction | |

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Empirical Rate Equations | |

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Analysis of Kinetic Results | |

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Techniques for Very Fast Reactions | |

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Molecular Kinetics | |

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The Arrhenius Equation | |

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Potential-Energy Surfaces | |

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The Preexponential Factor Biography: Henry Eyring | |

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Reactions in Solution | |

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Reaction Dynamics | |

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Chemical Kinetics | |

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Composite Mechanisms | |

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Evidence for a Composite Mechanism | |

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Types of Composite Reactions | |

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Rate Equations for Composite Mechanisms | |

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Rate Constants, Rate Coefficients, and Equilibrium Constants | |

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Free-Radical Reactions | |

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Photochemical Reactions | |

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Radiation-Chemical Reactions | |

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Explosions | |

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Catalysis | |

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Reactions in Solution: Some Special Features | |

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Mechanisms of Polymerization in Macromolecules | |

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Kinetics of Polymerization | |

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Induction Periods, Oscillations, and Chaos | |

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Electrochemical Dynamics | |

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Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Structure | |

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Electromagnetic Radiation and the Old Quantum Theory | |

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Bohr's Atomic Theory | |

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The Foundations of Quantum Mechanics | |

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Schrouml;dinger's Wave Mechanics | |

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Quantum-Mechanical Postulates | |

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Quantum Mechanics of Some Simple Systems | |

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Quantum Mechanics of Hydrogenlike Atoms | |

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Physical Significance of the Orbital Quantum Numbers | |

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Angular Momentum and Magnetic Moment | |

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The Rigid Linear Rotor | |

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Spin Quantum Numbers | |

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Many-Electron Atoms | |

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Approximate Methods in Quantum Mechanics | |

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The Chemical Bond Biography: Gilbert Newton Lewis | |

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The Hydrogen Molecular-Ion, H2+ 12.2 | |

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Huuml;ckel Theory for More Complex Molecules | |

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Valence-Bond Theory for More Complex Molecules | |

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Symmetry in Chemistry | |

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Symmetry of Molecular Orbitals Appendix: Character Tables | |

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Foundations of Chemical Spectroscopy | |

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Emission and Absorption Spectra | |

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Atomic Spectra Biography: Gerhard Herzberg | |

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Pure Rotational Spectra of Molecules | |

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Vibrational-Rotational Spectra of Molecules | |

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Raman Spectra | |

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Electronic Spectra of Molecules | |

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Some Modern Applications of Spectroscopy | |

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Laser Spectroscopy | |

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Spectral Line Widths | |

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Types of Lasers | |

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Laser Techniques for Chemistry | |

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Magnetic Spectroscopy | |

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Nuclear Magnetic Spectroscopy | |

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Electron Magnetic Resonance (EMR) | |

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Mouml;ssbauer Spectroscopy | |

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Photoelectron Spectroscopy | |

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Photoacoustic Spectroscopy | |

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Chiroptical Methods | |

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Mass Spectrometry | |

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Statistical Mechanics | |

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Forms of Molecular Energy Biography: Ludwig Boltzmann | |

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Principles of Statistical Mechanics | |

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The Partition Function | |

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Thermodynamic Quantities from Partition Functions | |

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The Partition Function for Some Special Cases | |

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The Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and Gibbs Energy Functions | |

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The Calculation of Equilibrium Constants | |

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Transition-State Theory | |

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The Approach to Equilibrium | |

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The Canonical Ensemble | |

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The Solid State | |

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Crystal Forms and Crystal Lattices | |

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X-Ray Crystallography | |

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Experimental Methods Biography: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin | |

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Theories of Solids | |

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Statistical Thermodynamics of Crystals: Theories of Heat Capacities | |

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Electrical Conductivity in Solids | |

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Optical Properties of Solids | |

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The Liquid State | |

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Liquids Compared with Dense Gases | |

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Liquids Compared with Solids | |

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Intermolecular Forces | |

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Theories and Models of Liquids | |

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Water, the Incomparable Liquid | |

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The Hydrophobic Effect | |

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Surface Chemistry and Colloids | |

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Adsorption | |

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Adsorption Isotherms | |

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Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics of Adsorption | |

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Chemical Reactions on Surfaces | |

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Surface Heterogeneity | |

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The Structure of Solid Surfaces and of Adsorbed Layers | |

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Surface Tension and Capillarity | |

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Liquid Films on Surfaces Biography: Agnes Pockels | |

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Colloidal Systems | |

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Transport Properties | |

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Viscos | |