Art of the Game Understanding Public Policy (with InfoTracr)

ISBN-10: 0534529046

ISBN-13: 9780534529048

Edition: 2004

List price: $106.95
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THE ART OF THE GAME defines the dynamics of public policy, elucidates the complexity intrinsic to each stage of the policy process, and delves into the implications of public policy for American politics and society. Illustrating concepts and theories relevant to the policy process, the text incorporates contemporary examples with a variety of creative exercises that develop a theoretical and practical understanding of the subject matter. Underscoring this approach is a desire to combine both academic and applied perspectives. This approach helps readers to comprehend the significance of each stage and the dynamics of the policy process. In other words, rather than offering mere description or a standard explanation of the subject matter, THE ART OF THE GAME merges solid coverage of theoretical principles with an applied policy approach.
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Book details

List price: $106.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 10/16/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 348
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

Prefacep. xxi
About the Authorsp. xxiii
The Foundation of Public Policy: The Language, the What, the Where, and the Who of Policy Making
The Language of Public Policy: Critical Conceptsp. 2
A Series of Critical Conceptsp. 2
Powerp. 3
Authority and Legitimacyp. 4
Representationp. 5
Public Interestp. 7
Politicsp. 7
Pluralism and Elitismp. 8
Public vs. Privatep. 9
Needs and Rightsp. 13
Equality and Justicep. 15
Efficiency and Effectivenessp. 16
Human Naturep. 18
The What: Policy Typologies, Policy Tools, and the Policy-Making Processp. 22
What Is Public Policy?p. 22
Public Policy Definitions--Competing Perspectivesp. 23
Essential Components of a Public Policy Definitionp. 24
Action and Inactionp. 24
Formal and Informal Playersp. 26
Types of Public Policiesp. 27
Intended Course of Actionp. 30
Intentional and Unintentional Consequencesp. 32
Policy Making as a Processp. 33
The Where: Institutional Structure, Legislative Centers, and Policy Arenasp. 36
Understanding the Where of American Policy Makingp. 37
Public Arena--Direct and Indirect Elected Representationp. 38
Separation of Powers and Checks and Balancesp. 40
Coalitions of Broad Political Supportp. 42
The Unifying Political Force of National Crisisp. 43
Federalismp. 45
Over 80,000 Legislative Centers and Countingp. 46
Fiscal Federalismp. 48
Critical Insightsp. 50
Policy Arenas and Subgovernmentsp. 50
The Who: The Policy-Making Actorsp. 55
The Policy Players--Institutional Actorsp. 56
Members of Congressp. 57
Congressional Staffp. 58
Presidentp. 60
Presidential Inner Circlep. 61
Executive Office of the Presidentp. 63
Presidential Cabinetp. 63
Federal Courtsp. 64
Bureaucracyp. 67
The Policy Players--Noninstitutional Actorsp. 69
Interest Groupsp. 69
Mediap. 71
Think Tanksp. 73
The Public--A Mass of Individual Citizensp. 74
Understanding How Policy is Made
The Policy Process: Diverse Models and Theoriesp. 80
The Role of Theoryp. 80
Dominant Theories of the Policy Processp. 81
Stages-Heuristic (Policy Cycle) Approachp. 81
Stages-Heuristic (Policy Cycle) Approach--A Summaryp. 83
Rational Choice Approachesp. 83
Rational Choice Approaches--A Summaryp. 86
Advocacy Coalition Framework Approachp. 87
Advocacy Coalition Framework Approach--A Summaryp. 88
Incremental Approachp. 89
Incremental Approach--A Summaryp. 90
Multiple Streams Modelp. 91
Multiple Streams Model--A Summaryp. 92
Punctuated Equilibrium Modelp. 92
Punctuated Equilibrium Model--A Summaryp. 94
Summary of Dominant Theories of the Policy Processp. 94
Problem Identification: Recognition of Problems and Issuesp. 99
Identifying and Defining the Public Problemp. 100
The Confusion over Problem Identificationp. 103
The Perceptual Process of Problem Identificationp. 105
Factors Influencing Problem Identificationp. 108
Public Problem or Private Issue?p. 110
The Role of Scope and Cost in Problem Identificationp. 112
Scopep. 112
Costp. 112
The Classic Public Policy Problemp. 113
Agenda Setting: A Theoretical Understandingp. 117
What Is Agenda Setting?p. 117
Downs's Issue-Attention Cyclep. 118
Kingdon's Multiple Streams Modelp. 120
Problems Streamp. 120
Policy Streamp. 121
Political Streamp. 122
Policy Windowsp. 123
Cobb and Elder Agenda-Setting Modelp. 124
Policy Design and Formulationp. 131
What Is Policy Formulation?p. 131
Generic Policy Solutions or Instrumentsp. 132
Actors Involved with Policy Formulationp. 133
The Presidentp. 135
Congressp. 136
The Bureaucracyp. 136
Interest Groupsp. 137
Think Tanks and Policy Entrepreneursp. 137
How Policy Is Designedp. 138
Policy Analysisp. 139
The Policy Analysis Stepsp. 140
Problem Definitionp. 140
Establishing Evaluation Criteriap. 140
Developing Alternativesp. 141
Comparing and Selecting Alternativesp. 141
Evaluationp. 141
The Significance of Policy Analysisp. 141
Models of Policy Formulationp. 142
Routinep. 142
Creativep. 142
Conditionalp. 142
Craftsmanp. 143
Policy Adoption: Decisions and Strategiesp. 145
Defining Policy Adoptionp. 145
Policy Adoption Decision Criteriap. 146
Valuesp. 146
Political Party Affiliationp. 148
Constituency Interestsp. 149
Deferencep. 150
The Legislative Process and Policy Adoptionp. 151
The Legislative Process--From Bill to Lawp. 152
House of Representativesp. 153
The Senatep. 155
The Conference Committeep. 157
The President's Rolep. 157
Theaters of Actionp. 159
Public Theaterp. 159
Executive Theaterp. 159
Congressional Theaterp. 159
Political Theaterp. 160
Influencing Policy Adoptionp. 160
Mobilizing Members and Votesp. 161
Direct Lobbyingp. 161
Focused Mail and Telephone Campaignsp. 162
Aggressive Multimedia Campaignsp. 162
Policy Implementation: Execution of Policy Solutionsp. 166
What Is Policy Implementation?p. 166
Implementation--Why It Mattersp. 167
The Relationship: Design and Policy Implementationp. 167
The Major Actor in Policy Implementationp. 170
Bureaucracyp. 170
Other Actors Involved in Policy Implementationp. 174
The Presidentp. 174
Congressp. 176
Courtsp. 177
Interest Groupsp. 178
Challenges to Implementationp. 179
Theories of Implementationp. 179
Top-Down Approachp. 179
Bottom-Up Approachp. 180
Synthesis: A Top-Down, Bottom-Up Approachp. 180
Applying a Theory of Implementationp. 180
Mazmanian and Sabatier Top-Down Implementation Modelp. 180
The Practice of Implementationp. 182
Challenges and Pitfalls of Implementationp. 182
Strategic Planningp. 184
Start-Up and Execution Phasesp. 185
Models of Implementationp. 187
Policy Evaluation: The Assessment of Executed Policy Solutionsp. 191
What Is Policy Evaluation?p. 192
The Usefulness of Evaluationp. 192
Types of Policy Evaluationp. 193
Process Evaluationp. 193
Outcome Evaluationp. 193
Impact Evaluationp. 194
Cost-Benefit Analysisp. 194
How Policy Is Evaluatedp. 194
Stages in the Evaluation Processp. 195
Planningp. 195
Data Gatheringp. 196
Disseminationp. 196
Who Evaluates?p. 197
Obstacles and Problems in Evaluationp. 198
Policy Change or Terminationp. 201
Policy Change Definedp. 202
Reasons for Changep. 202
Patterns of Policy Changep. 203
Implementing Policy Changep. 203
Understanding Why Policy Change Occursp. 203
The Cyclical Thesisp. 204
The Evolutionary or Policy-Learning Thesisp. 205
The Backlash or Zigzag Thesisp. 206
What is Policy Termination?p. 206
Why Is Policy Termination So Rare?p. 206
Reasons for Policy Terminationp. 207
Types of Policy Terminationp. 207
Approaches to Terminationp. 208
Successful Policy Termination Strategiesp. 208
Types of Terminatorsp. 209
An Illustrative Case of the Policy Process: Terrorism and Aviation Securityp. 211
Social Construction and Agenda Setting: AIDSp. 219
Policy Arenas: Exploring the Policy Process
Environmental Policy: Defining and Identifying a Problemp. 226
Contemporary Environmental Policy in the United Statesp. 227
Environmental Problem Definition and Identificationp. 231
The Policy Process and Environmental Policy Makingp. 232
Environmental Policy Instrumentsp. 233
Education Policy: Setting and Building an Agendap. 237
Contemporary Education Policy in the United Statesp. 239
Education Policy and the Agenda-Setting Processp. 245
Problem Streamp. 246
Policy Streamp. 246
Political Streamp. 247
The Policy Process and Education Reformp. 247
Education Policy Instrumentsp. 248
Health Care Policy: Designing Policy Alternativesp. 252
Contemporary Health Policy in the United Statesp. 256
Designing Health Policy Alternativesp. 262
The Policy Process and Health Care Policyp. 265
Health Care Policy Instrumentsp. 266
Welfare Policy: Formulating and Legitimizing Policy Solutionsp. 269
Contemporary Social Welfare Policy in the United Statesp. 272
Formulation and Legitimation of Social Welfare Policyp. 277
Formulation of Welfare Reformp. 277
Legitimation of Welfare Reformp. 278
The Policy Process and Social Welfare Policyp. 281
Welfare Policy Instrumentsp. 281
Immigration Policy: Implementing and Evaluating Policy Solutionsp. 285
Contemporary Immigration Policy in the United Statesp. 286
U.S. Immigration Statisticsp. 287
Evolution of Immigration Policyp. 291
Implementing and Evaluating Immigration Policyp. 297
The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act--A Classic Policy Failure?p. 298
The Policy Process and Immigration Policyp. 301
Immigration Policy Instrumentsp. 302
Defense Policy: Changing or Terminating Policiesp. 306
Contemporary U.S. Defense Policyp. 309
China--The Next Global Peer Competitorp. 312
The Policy Process and Defense Policyp. 313
New Defense Policy Instrumentsp. 316
The Art of the Game
Understanding Choices and Decisionsp. 322
Decision-Making Modelsp. 323
Rational Modelp. 323
Incremental Modelp. 324
Group Modelp. 324
Elite Modelp. 324
Subgovernments Modelp. 325
Bureaucratic Corporatist Modelp. 325
Institutional Modelp. 325
Systems Modelp. 325
Internet Resourcesp. 330
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