Voyage of Discovery A Historical Introduction to Philosophy

ISBN-10: 0534520227

ISBN-13: 9780534520229

Edition: 2nd 2002 (Revised)

List price: $111.95
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Highly praised by reviewers for its clarity and rich exposition, this history of philosophy text illustrates philosophy as a process and not just a collection of opinions or conclusions. Lawhead helps students retrace the philosopher's intellectual journey rather than simply giving a report of the results so that the students see how the problems arose. Thus the philosopher's problem becomes a puzzle which the student has to face. Lawhead uses metaphors, analogies, vivid images, concrete examples, common experiences, and diagrams to bring the abstract issues down to earth and show the practical implications and contemporary relevance of positions.
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Book details

List price: $111.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/29/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 624
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.442
Language: English

Prefacep. xviii
Introduction: A Brief Tour Guide to Philosophyp. xxii
Philosophy Is Not an Optional Experience in Your Life!p. xxii
Philosophical Ideas in Unlikely Placesp. xxii
Why Ideas Are Like Coldsp. xxiv
What Is Philosophy, Anyway?p. xxv
Commonplace Notions of Philosophyp. xxv
Philosophers and Loversp. xxv
Philosophical Criteriap. xxvi
Assessing Argumentsp. xxvii
Becoming an Active Reader: Tactics and Strategiesp. xxix
Philosophy, Bike Riding, and Baseball Cardsp. xxix
A Strategy for Reading Philosophyp. xxix
A General Map of the Terrainp. xxxi
The Ancient Periodp. 1
The Greek Cultural Context: From Poetry to Philosophyp. 3
The Role of the Poetsp. 3
The Birth of Western Philosophyp. 6
Outline of Classical Philosophyp. 7
Greek Philosophy Before Socratesp. 8
The Milesian Philosophersp. 8
Pythagoras and His Schoolp. 13
Xenophanesp. 15
Heraclitusp. 16
Parmenides and the Eleaticsp. 19
The Pluralistsp. 23
Democritus and the Atomistsp. 25
The Sophists and Socratesp. 29
The Sophistsp. 29
Socratesp. 33
Plato: The Search for Ultimate Truth and Realityp. 45
Plato's Life: From Student to University Presidentp. 45
Plato's Task: Making Philosophy Comprehensivep. 46
Theory of Knowledge: Reason Versus Opinionp. 46
Metaphysics: Shadows and Realityp. 52
Moral Theoryp. 56
Political Theoryp. 60
Plato's Cosmology: Purpose and Chancep. 63
Evaluation and Significancep. 64
Aristotle: Understanding the Natural Worldp. 68
Aristotle's Life: Biologist, Tutor, and Philosopherp. 68
Plato and Aristotlep. 69
Theory of Knowledge: Finding Universals Within Particularsp. 71
Metaphysics: Understanding the Here-and-Now Worldp. 75
Ethics: Keeping Things in Balancep. 80
Evaluation and Significancep. 85
Classical Philosophy After Aristotlep. 88
The Transition to Hellenistic and Roman Philosophyp. 88
Cynicismp. 89
Epicureanismp. 90
Stoicismp. 94
Skepticismp. 99
Plotinus and Neoplatonismp. 102
The Middle Agesp. 109
Cultural Context: The Development of Christian Thoughtp. 111
The Encounter Between Greek and Christian Thoughtp. 111
The Problem of Faith and Reasonp. 113
Challenging Heresies and Clarifying Orthodoxyp. 116
The Future Agenda: A Christian Philosophical Synthesisp. 120
St. Augustine: Philosophy in the Service of Faithp. 122
Augustine's Life: From Passionate Pleasure to a Passionate Faithp. 122
Augustine's Task: Understanding the Human Predicamentp. 124
Theory of Knowledge: The Truth Is Withinp. 125
Metaphysics: God, Creation, Freedom, and Evilp. 128
Philosophy of History and the Statep. 133
Evaluation and Significancep. 136
Early Medieval Philosophyp. 139
From the Roman World to the Middle Agesp. 139
A Survey of the Early Middle Agesp. 139
The Byzantine and Islamic Empiresp. 141
An Overview of Medieval Philosophyp. 141
Early Medieval Philosophyp. 142
The Return to Darknessp. 147
Philosophy and Theology in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuriesp. 149
The Flowering of the Middle Agesp. 149
The Rise of Scholasticismp. 151
St. Anselmp. 157
Peter Abelardp. 159
Islamic Philosophersp. 161
Jewish Philosophersp. 164
The Rediscovery of Aristotle in Europep. 165
St. Thomas Aquinas: Aristotle's Philosophy and Christian Thoughtp. 167
The Ox That Roaredp. 167
Aquinas's Task: Integrating Philosophy and Faithp. 168
The Nature of Knowledge: Reason Processing Experiencep. 171
Metaphysics: From the World to Godp. 172
Moral Philosophy: Human Nature and Divine Lawp. 177
Political Philosophyp. 180
Evaluation and Significancep. 181
The Unraveling of the Medieval Synthesisp. 184
John Duns Scotusp. 186
William of Ockhamp. 188
Changes in the Methods of Sciencep. 194
Mysticismp. 195
The Decline of Medieval Philosophyp. 196
The Modern Periodp. 199
Cultural Context: Renaissance, Reformation, and the Rise of Modern Sciencep. 201
Renaissance Humanismp. 202
The Protestant Reformationp. 204
Social and Political Changesp. 205
The Rise of Modern Sciencep. 206
Philosophy in a New Keyp. 209
Early Empiricists: Francis Bacon and Thomas Hobbesp. 212
Francis Baconp. 212
Thomas Hobbesp. 217
Rene Descartes: Founder of Modern Philosophyp. 226
Descartes's Life: World Traveler and Intellectual Explorerp. 226
Descartes's Philosophical Agendap. 227
The Discovery of a Methodp. 228
Finding the Foundations of Knowledgep. 229
Metaphysics: God, World, Minds, and Bodiesp. 232
Evaluation and Significancep. 240
Benedict (Baruch) Spinoza: Rationalist and Mysticp. 243
Spinoza's Life: Heresy, Lens Grinding, and Philosophyp. 243
Task: To Achieve Freedom from Bondagep. 244
Spinoza's Geometrical Methodp. 245
Theory of Knowledge: Necessity Rulesp. 245
Metaphysics: God Is the Only Realityp. 247
Ethics: How to Be Free from Bondagep. 251
Evaluation and Significancep. 254
Gottfried Leibniz: The Optimistic Rationalistp. 257
Leibniz's Life: Diplomat, Scientist, and Philosopherp. 257
Task: The Search for Unity and Harmonyp. 258
Method: Logic Is the Keyp. 258
Theory of Knowledge: Unpacking the Truths of Reasonp. 259
Metaphysics: God as the Divine Programmerp. 262
Evaluation and Significancep. 268
Cultural Context: The Enlightenment and the Age of Newtonp. 272
The Impact of Newton's Sciencep. 272
Philosophizing in a Newtonian Stylep. 274
The Consequences for Religionp. 275
The French Enlightenmentp. 276
Summary of the Enlightenmentp. 277
John Locke: The Rise of Modern Empiricismp. 279
Physician, Political Adviser, and Philosopherp. 279
Locke's Task: Discovering What We Can Knowp. 280
Locke's Method for Analyzing Ideasp. 280
Locke's Empirical Theory of Knowledgep. 281
Metaphysics: The Reality Behind the Appearancesp. 285
What Is the Source of Moral Knowledge?p. 286
An Empirical Philosophy of Religionp. 287
A Political Theory for the Enlightenmentp. 288
Evaluation and Significancep. 291
George Berkeley: Following the Road of Empiricismp. 295
Philosopher, Educator, and Bishopp. 295
Berkeley's Task: Battling Skepticism and Unbeliefp. 296
Berkeley's Reform of Empiricismp. 297
Metaphysics: Reality as Mind and Ideasp. 302
Evaluation and Significancep. 307
David Hume: The Scottish Skepticp. 310
Hume's Life: A Passion for Literary Famep. 310
Task: Unlocking the Secrets of Human Naturep. 311
Theory of Knowledge: The Gulf Between Reason and the Worldp. 311
Metaphysics: Skeptical Doubts About Realityp. 314
Ethics: The Rule of the Passions--The Slavery of Reasonp. 317
Philosophy of Religion: Searching for What We Cannot Findp. 320
Evaluation and Significancep. 322
Immanuel Kant: Finding the Powers and the Limits of the Mindp. 325
Kant's Life: A Methodical Man with Revolutionary Thoughtsp. 325
Task: Avoiding Dogmatism and Skepticismp. 326
Theory of Knowledge: The Mind Makes Experience Possiblep. 327
Metaphysics: Bumping Against the Limits of Reasonp. 334
Ethics as a Rational Disciplinep. 339
Evaluation and Significancep. 345
The Nineteenth-Century Cultural Context: Romanticism, Science, and the Sense of Historyp. 347
Overcoming the Kantian Dualismp. 347
German Idealismp. 348
Romanticismp. 351
The Importance of Historyp. 353
Questions about Reason and Subjectivityp. 356
Summary of the Nineteenth-Century Agendap. 358
G. W. F. Hegel: Biographer of the World Spiritp. 360
Hegel's Life: From Average Student to World-Famous Philosopherp. 360
Task: Fitting the Pieces of History and Reality Togetherp. 361
Theory of Knowledge: Reason Reveals Realityp. 362
Metaphysics: Reason Becoming Self-Consciousp. 366
Ethics and Community Lifep. 369
Political Philosophy: The Glorification of the Statep. 372
Philosophy of History: Are We Pawns in History's Game?p. 373
Evaluation and Significancep. 376
Karl Marx: A Philosophy for Changing the Worldp. 379
Marx's Life: The Making of a Radicalp. 380
Marx's Background and Influencesp. 380
Task: Achieving an Earthly Salvationp. 382
The Early Marx: The Tragedy of Human Alienationp. 384
Historical Materialismp. 386
Marx's Analysis of Capitalismp. 393
Communism: The New Humanity and the New Societyp. 395
Evaluation and Significancep. 396
Soren Kierkegaard: The Founder of Religious Existentialismp. 399
The Stages in Kierkegaard's Life: From Passionate Playboy to Passionate Christianp. 400
Task: To Make Life More Difficultp. 401
Kierkegaard's Method: Indirect Communicationp. 402
Kierkegaard on Knowledge: Truth and Subjectivityp. 403
Kierkegaard the Antimetaphysician: Existence, Time, Eternityp. 405
Stages on Life's Wayp. 407
Christianity as the Paradox and the Absurdp. 411
Evaluation and Significancep. 413
Friedrich Nietzsche: The Founder of Secular Existentialismp. 416
Nietzsche's Life: The Lonely Prophetp. 416
Task: The Journey from Darkness to Daybreakp. 417
Nietzsche's Theory of Knowledge: Perspectives and Instinctsp. 418
Living Without Metaphysical Hopesp. 422
Moral Values and Personality Typesp. 424
Evaluation and Significancep. 429
Nineteenth-Century Empiricism: Comte, Bentham, and Millp. 433
Auguste Comtep. 434
Jeremy Benthamp. 438
John Stuart Millp. 442
The Contemporary Periodp. 451
The Twentieth-Century Cultural Context: Science, Language, and Experiencep. 453
Living in Kant's Shadowp. 454
Philosophy: Piecemeal Analysis or Grasping the Big Picture?p. 454
The Role of Science in Philosophyp. 456
The Role of Language and Experience in Philosophyp. 456
Pragmatism: The Unity of Thought and Actionp. 460
Charles Sanders Peircep. 462
William Jamesp. 466
John Deweyp. 471
Process Philosophy: Bergson and Whiteheadp. 479
Henri Bergsonp. 480
Alfred North Whiteheadp. 487
Analytic Philosophy and the Linguistic Turnp. 499
Bertrand Russellp. 500
Logical Positivismp. 506
Ludwig Wittgensteinp. 510
Conceptual Analysisp. 520
Phenomenology and Existentialismp. 527
Edmund Husserlp. 528
Martin Heideggerp. 534
Jean-Paul Sartrep. 546
Recent Issues in Philosophyp. 556
Rethinking Empiricismp. 556
Rethinking Philosophy: Postmodernismp. 559
Rethinking Philosophy: Feminismp. 564
Philosophy in a Global Villagep. 567
New Issues in Philosophy of Mindp. 568
New Issues in Ethicsp. 568
A Parting Wordp. 569
Glossaryp. 572
Indexp. 580
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.
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