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Physics and Chemistry of Clouds

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ISBN-10: 0521899109

ISBN-13: 9780521899109

Edition: 2011

Authors: Dennis Lamb, Johannes Verlinde

List price: $119.95
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Book details

List price: $119.95
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 4/28/2011
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 600
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.75" long x 1.15" tall
Weight: 3.080
Language: English

Dennis Lamb is Professor Emeritus of Meteorology at Pennsylvania State University. Professor Lamb worked as a researcher for nearly fourteen years at the Desert Research Institute (Reno) before embarking on a teaching career at Pennsylvania State University. With more than forty years of observational and laboratory research experience and more than twenty years teaching cloud physics and atmospheric chemistry at both undergraduate and graduate levels, he now realizes that the best path toward understanding clouds is to understand water itself, at the molecular level. The deeper the understanding, the greater becomes the appreciation of clouds as gate keepers in the water cycle and energy…    

Hans Verlinde is a Professor of Meteorology at Pennsylvania State University. He is an observational meteorologist who has studied clouds in the Antarctic, at the equator and in the Arctic. He is currently the site scientist for the US Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility at Barrow on the North Slope of Alaska, and he teaches classes in atmospheric thermodynamics, cloud physics, mesoscale meteorology and radar meteorology at Pennsylvania State University.

Preface
Background
Introduction
Importance of clouds
Observed characteristics of clouds
Further reading
Problems
The atmospheric setting
Composition
Energy in the atmosphere
Structure and organization
Further reading
Problems
Transformations
Equilibria
Molecular interpretation of equilibrium
Thermodynamic perspective of phase equilibrium
Phase relationships
Interfaces
Multicomponent systems
Further reading
Problems
Change
Deviations from equilibrium
Rates of change
Microscale transport
Formation of new substances
Aerosaol formation
Further reading
Problems
Cloud macrophysics
Cloud thermodynamics
Overview
Characterization of a moist atmosphere
Reference processes
Stability
Mixing
Further Reading
Problems
Cloud formation and evolution
Cooling mechanisms
Adiabatic supersaturation development
Cloud dynamics
Mesoscale organization
Further reading
Problems
Cloud microphysics
Nucleation
Formation of the liquid phase
Formation of the solid phase
Further reading
Problems
Growth from the vapor
Overview
Vapor-growth of individual liquid drops
Vapor-growth of individual ice crystals
Melting
Further reading
Problems
Growth by collection
Overview
Particle fallspeeds
Collision-coalescence
Riming
Capture nucleation
Aggregation
Further reading
Problems
Cloud-scale and population effects
Evolution of supersaturation
Overview
Extended theory
Aerosol influences
Quasi-stationary supersaturation
Microphysical and dynamical influences
Further reading
Problems
Warm clouds
Overview
Continuous collection
Diabatic condensation
Stochastic collection
Warm rain
Aerosol effects
Further reading
Problems
Cold clouds
Overview
Ice initiation
Glaciation
Snow and cold rain
Hail formation and growth
Further reading
Problems
Cloud chemistry
Overview
Scavenging of aerosol particles
Uptake of trace gases
Precipitation chemistry
Further reading
Problems
Cloud electrification
Overview
Macroscale charge separation
Microscale charge separation
Discharge events
Further reading
Problems
Cloud classification
Overview of thermodynamics
Boltzmann distribution
References
Index