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French A Linguistic Introduction

ISBN-10: 0521821444

ISBN-13: 9780521821445

Edition: 2006

Authors: Zsuzsanna Fagyal, Frederic Jenkins, Douglas A. Kibbee

List price: $124.99
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Description:

French is a widely-used language, spoken not only in France but also Belgium, Switzerland, and several regions in North America and the Caribbean. This is a comprehensive and accessible guide to the structure of French, suitable for those with little prior knowledge of linguistics or of French language. It clearly introduces the language's history, phonetics (pronunciation), phonology (sound system), morpho-syntax (how sentences and words are formed), and pragmatics (how speakers express meaning) - with each chapter showing how these aspects are subject to regional and social variation. English translations are provided for all examples, and the book contains an extensive bilingual glossary of linguistic terms, numerous exercises in every chapter, and essay questions. French: A Linguistic Introduction will be welcomed by learners wishing to improve their competence in the language, and will also be a useful starting point for linguistics students beginning to study the structure of this important language.
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Book details

List price: $124.99
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 9/28/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 356
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.540
Language: English

List of figures
List of tables
Preface
Defining the object of study
French is plural
Prescriptivism and the idea of 'standard' French
Francophonie
Variation 'omnibus'
Geographical variation
Social variation
Looking ahead
Phonetics and phonology
Preliminaries
Sounds, spelling, and the IPA
Phonetic symbols
Phonetic values of letters and letter sequences
Phonemes, minimal pairs, and allophones
Vowels and glides
Oral vowels
Laxing
Devoicing
Mid vowels
Diphthongs
Open vowels
Nasal vowels
What is nasalization?
Northern Metropolitan French
Southern French and French in North America
On the phonological status of nasal vowels
Glides
What are glides?
The general process of gliding
The front and back rounded glides /y/ and /w/
The palatal glide /j/
Consonants
Phonation types
Places of articulation
Manners of articulation
Stops and fricatives
Affricates
Trills and approximants
Assimilatory processes
Voicing assimilation
Place assimilation
Other assimilatory processes
Lengthening
Geminates
Beyond the segment
From phonemes to syllables
The internal structure of syllables
Distributing segments in syllables
From syllables to phrases
The foot
The phonological word
The clitic group
The phonological phrase
At the top of the hierarchy
The schwa
Why call the schwa a schwa?
Schwa and dialect
Phrase-final schwas
Phrase-medial schwas
Phrase-initial schwas
Schwas and morphological alternations
Liaison and enchainement
From forward syllabification to liaison
Liaison and h-aspire
Liaison and syntax, morphology, and the lexicon
Liaison without enchainement
On stress, accent, and intonation
Stress and accent
A phonological model of French intonation
Notes on stress clash
Intonation
Exercises
Topics in morphology and syntax
Preliminaries: words and morphemes
Topics in inflectional morphology
The morphology of the verb
The morphology of other morpheme classes
Topics in syntax
Definitions
Surface and deep structures
The verb
The arguments of the verb
Verb types and complements
Adverbials as modifiers
Clauses as modifiers and complements
Noun phrases
Expanding the NP
Post-head position in the NP
Pre-head position in the NP
'Determiners'
Pronouns
Subject pronouns of etre
Impersonal il and ce
Clitic pronouns
Adverbs
The intensifiers si, tant, and tellement
Sentence and VP adverbs
Negation
Negatives and their positions
Meaning and scope
Negatives and style
Passive 'voice'
Types of passive construction
Tense and aspect in passives
Passive verbs and their complements
On interrogatives
Yes-no questions
Partial questions
The atypical pourquoi 'why'
Simple inversion and the complements of verbs
Questioning the subject
Questioning the object
Questions, styles, and register
Exercises
Lexicology and derivational morphology
Preliminaries
Analyzing the meaning of words
Semic analysis
Prototypes and stereotypes
Semantic relations
Synonyms and antonyms
Hierarchical relations
Homonymy and polysemy
Change of meaning
Metaphor
Metonymy
Synecdoche
Word formation
Derivation
Derivation by affixation
Deverbal nouns
Deadjectival nouns
Denominal nouns
Derivation by prefixation
Parasynthetic nouns
Truncation
Conversion and reduplication
Compounding
Borrowing
Lexical variation
Regional variation
Social variation and word games
State intervention in French vocabulary
A case study: the feminization of professional titles
Exercises
Pragmatics
Preliminaries
Referring and indexing
Indexical expressions
Deictic reference
Other types of references
Speech acts and models of communication
The Code Model of communication
Inferential models of communication
The Maxims of conversation
Applying the Maxims
Beyond the Model Speaker
Politeness
Bald-on-record
Positive politeness
Informal tu and formal vous
Generic tu, vous, and on
Negative politeness
Indirect speech acts
Hedging and indirectness
Discourse particles
Off-record
Politeness: in the eye of the beholder
Exercises
Historical perspectives
Preliminaries
Latin and the linguistic prehistory of French
Phonology from Latin to Early Old French
Vowels
Consonants
Accentuation
Morphology and syntax from Latin to Early Old French
The morphology of nouns
The morphology of adjectives
Personal, demonstrative, and relative pronouns
The morphology of verbs
Syntax and word order
Vocabulary from Latin to Early Old French
Non-Latin elements in the vocabulary of Latin
Adverb formation
Pragmatic aspects of language use from Latin to Early Old French
Forms of address
Summary
Old and Middle French
Phonology in Old and Middle French
Vowels
Consonants
Morphology and syntax in Old and Middle French
Nouns and adjectives
The syntax of the noun phrase
Word order
Negation
Interrogatives
Vocabulary in Old and Middle French
Pragmatic aspects of language use in Old and Middle French
French in the modern world
Phonology in Classical and Modern French
Vowels
Consonants
Morphology and syntax in Classical and Modern French
Auxiliary selection: etre ou avoir?
Types of interrogative and ne deletion
Vocabulary in Classical and Modern French
Pragmatic aspects of language use in Classical and Modern French
Conclusions
Exercises
Glossary
References
Name index
Subject index