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Introduction to Plant Fossils

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ISBN-10: 0521715121

ISBN-13: 9780521715126

Edition: 2009

Authors: Christopher J. Cleal, Barry A. Thomas

List price: $76.95
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Book details

List price: $76.95
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 9/17/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 248
Size: 7.40" wide x 9.61" long x 0.51" tall
Weight: 1.188

Preface
Introduction
What is a plant?
How do plant fragments get into the fossil record?
Types of plant fossil
Where are plant fossils found?
Bias in the fossil record
Why do we study plant fossils?
Recommended reading
Highlights of palaeobotanical study
The beginnings of palaeobotany
The importance of coal
Anatomical studies
Coal balls
Coal petrology and palynology
The Glossopteris flora and continental drift
Early land plants
The age of cycads
Flowering plants
The future for palaeobotany
Recommended reading
Studying plant fossils
Morphology of adpressions
Macrophotography
Transfers
Cuticles and epidermal structures
Extracting in situ pollen and spores
Dispersed pollen and spores
Three-dimensionally preserved plant fossils
Prepared casts
Sectioning anatomically preserved fossils
Reconstructing whole fossil plants
Naming plant fossils
Phylogenetic analysis
BiostraLigraphy and palaeobiogeography
Curation
Site conservation
Recommended reading
Early land plants
Alternating generations
Adapting to life on land
Cryptospores and the earliest land plants
The first vascular plants
The Rhynie Chert flora
Zosterophyils
Trimerophytes
Progymnosperms
Recommended reading
Lycophytes
The earliest herbaceous lycophytes
The beginnings of modern herbaceous lycophytes
Increase in size and arborescence
Cuticles and paper coal
Rooting structures
Reproduction
After the giants
Recommended reading
Sphenophytes
Origin and systematic position of the sphenophytes
Pseudoborniales
Sphenophyllales
Archaeocalamitaceae
Calamostachyaceae
Gondwana sphenophytes
Modern sphenophytes
Recommended reading
Ferns
The first ferns
Modern ferns
Marattiales
Other Late Palaeozoic ferns
Ophioglossales
Filicalean ferns
Osmundaceae
Schizaeaceae
Gleicheniaceae
Matoniaceae
Dipteridaceae
Dicksoniaceae and Cyathaceae
Polypodiaceous ferns
Tempskya
Heterosporous ferns
Recommended reading
Early gymnosperms
What are ovules and seeds?
Gymnosperm reproducrion
What plants did gymnosperms evolve from?
The pteridosperms
Lyginopteridales
Medullosales
Callistophytales
Peltasperms
Glossopterids
Cordaites
Recommended reading
Modern gymnosperms
Early conifers
Modern conifers
Ginkgoales
Cycads
Bennettitales
Caytoniales
Other gymnosperm groups
Gnetales
Recommended reading
Angiosperms
What makes an angiosperm?
Wood
Ancestors of the angiosperms
The earliest angiosperms
Cretaceous angiosperms
Wind pollinated angiosperms
The rise of the monocotyledons
Cenozoic angiosperms
Recommended reading
The history of land vegetation
Silurian Period (416-443 Ma)
Devonian Period (359-416 Ma)
Carboniferous Period (299-359 Ma)
Permian Period (251-299 Ma)
Permian/Trias sic (P/T) Extinction Event
Triassic Period (200-251 Ma)
Jurassic Period (146-200 Ma)
Cretaceous Period (66-146 Ma)
Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) Extinction Event
Palaeogene and Neogene Periods (1.8-67 Ma)
Quaternary Period (1.8 Ma to present)
Recommended reading
References
Index