Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting

ISBN-10: 0521655404

ISBN-13: 9780521655408

Edition: 2nd 2002 (Revised)

Authors: Christopher H. Scholz

List price: $115.00 Buy it from $92.08
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Description:

Our understanding of earthquakes and faulting processes has developed significantly since publication of the successful first edition of this book in 1990. This revised edition has therefore been thoroughly up-dated whilst maintaining and developing the two major themes of the first edition. The first of these themes is the connection between fault and earthquake mechanics, including fault scaling laws, the nature of fault populations, and how these result from the processes of fault growth and interaction. The second major theme is the central role of the rate-state friction laws in earthquake mechanics, which provide a unifying framework within which a wide range of faulting phenomena can be interpreted. With the inclusion of two chapters explaining brittle fracture and rock friction from first principles, this book is written at a level which will appeal to graduate students and research scientists in the fields of seismology, physics, geology, geodesy and rock mechanics.
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Book details

List price: $115.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 5/2/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 504
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.090

Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
Acknowledgments
List of symbols
Brittle fracture of rock
Theoretical concepts
Historical
Griffith theory
Fracture mechanics
Crack models
Macroscopic fracture criteria
Experimental studies of rock strength
Macroscopic strength
Fracture energies
Discussion of fracture criteria in the light of experimental results
Effect of scale on strength
Pore fluid effects on fracture
Laws of effective stress
Environmental effects on strength
The brittle-plastic transition
General principles
The transition induced by pressure
The transition induced by temperature
Extrapolation to geological conditions
Rock friction
Theoretical concepts
Historical
The adhesion theory of friction
Elastic contact theory of friction
Other frictional interactions
Experimental observations of friction
General observations
Effects of other variables on friction
Wear
Stick slip and stable sliding
Introduction
Rate effects on friction: the rate and state variable friction laws
Frictional stability regimes
Dynamics of stick slip
Friction under geological conditions
Mechanics of faulting
Mechanical framework
Anderson's theory of faulting
Hubbert-Rubey theory of overthrust faulting
Stress in the crust, fault reactivation, and friction
The formation and growth of faults
The problem of fault formation
Growth and development of faults
Fault interactions and fault populations
Fault rocks and structures
Fault rocks and deformation mechanisms
Fabrics and surfaces
Strength and rheology of faults
A synoptic shear zone model
Deep ductile shear zones: the downward continuation of faults
Thermomechanical effects of faulting
The debate on the strength of crustal fault zones
Fault morphology and mechanical effects of heterogeneity
Fault topography and morphology
Mechanical effects of fault irregularities
Mechanics of earthquakes
Historical development
Theoretical background
The dynamic energy balance
Dynamic shear crack propagation
Simple applications to earthquake rupture
Earthquake phenomenology
Quantification of earthquakes
Earthquake scaling relations
Observations of earthquakes
Case studies
Earthquake sequences
Compound earthquakes: Clustering and migration
Mechanics of earthquake interactions
Coulomb stress loading
Mechanisms for the time delay
The seismic cycle
Historical
The crustal deformation cycle
Geodetic observations of strain accumulation
Models of strain accumulation
Postseismic phenomena
The earthquake cycle
Earthquake recurrence
Geological observations of recurrence times
Recurrence estimation with insufficient data
Seismicity changes during the loading cycle
The question of earthquake periodicity
Earthquake recurrence models
Seismotectonics
Introduction
Seismotectonic analysis
Qualitative analysis
Quantitative analysis
Comparative seismotectonics
Subduction zone seismicity
Oceanic earthquakes
Continental extensional regimes
Intraplate earthquakes
Mechanism of deep earthquakes
Slow and tsunamigenic earthquakes
The relative role of seismic and aseismic faulting
Aseismic slip
Seismic coupling of subduction zones
Induced seismicity
Some examples
Mechanisms of reservoir-induced seismicity
Mining-induced seismicity
Induced seismicity as a stress gauge
Earthquake prediction and hazard analysis
Introduction
Historical
Types of earthquake prediction
Is earthquake prediction possible?
Precursory phenomena
Preinstrumental observations
Intermediate-term precursors
Short-term precursors
Mechanisms of precursory phenomena
Nucleation models
Dilatancy models
Lithospheric loading models
Critical point theory
Comparison of models and observations
Earthquake prediction experiments
Earthquake hazard analysis
Traditional methods
Long-term hazard analysis
Analysis of instantaneous hazard
Future prospects and problems
References
Index
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