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Archaeology as Human Ecology Methods and Theory for a Contextual Approach

ISBN-10: 0521288770

ISBN-13: 9780521288774

Edition: 1982

Authors: Karl W. Butzer

List price: $91.00
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Description:

Archaeology as Human Ecology is a new introduction to concepts and methods in archaeology. It deals not with artifacts, but with sites, settlements, and subsistence. Karl W. Butzer's goal is to interpret the ecosystem of which an archaeologicial site or site network was part. Components of this study include geo-archaeology, archaeobotany, zoo-archaeology, and archaeometry. These methods are then used in examining interactions between human communities and their biophysical environment: the impact of settlement on site formation and the effects of subsistence activities on plants, animals, soils, and overall landscape modification. Finally, the methods and theoretical approach, are applied to examine the processes of cultural change and continuity. The approach of Archaeology as Human Ecology goes far beyond traditional environmental archaeology, which is concerned with simple reconstruction. It provides a clear, systemic approach that immediately allows an assessment of interactions. For the first time, it attempts to develop a comprehensive spatial archaeology - one that is far more than derivative spatial analysis.
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Book details

List price: $91.00
Copyright year: 1982
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 5/31/1982
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 380
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.144
Language: English

Perspectives
Context in archaeology
Environmental systems: spatial and temporal variability
Foundations
Geo-archaeology I: basic principles
Geo-archaeology II: landscape context
Geo-archaeology III: stratigraphic context
Geo-archaeology IV: site formation
Geo-archaeology V: site modification and destruction
Geo-archaeology VI: human impact on the landscape
Archaeometry: prospecting, provenance, dating
Archaeobotany: vegetation and plant utilization
Zoo-archaeology: faunas and animal procurement
Synthesis
Spatial integration I: quantitative models for pattern analysis
Spatial integration II: socioecological models for settlement analysis
Spatial integration III: reconstruction of settlement systems
Diachronic systems I: cultural adaptation
Diachronic systems II: continuity and change
References
Index