Introduction to Physical Polymer Science

ISBN-10: 047170606X

ISBN-13: 9780471706069

Edition: 4th 2006 (Revised)

Authors: L. H. Sperling, L. H. Sperling

List price: $129.00
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This updated edition emphasises inter-relationships between molecular structure and the morphology and mechanical behaviour of polymers, and includes new chapters on polymer surfaces and interfaces, and polymer blends and composites.
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Book details

List price: $129.00
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/7/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 880
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.75" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 3.388
Language: English

Preface to the Fourth Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Symbols and Definitions
Introduction to Polymer Science
From Little Molecules to Big Molecules
Molecular Weight and Molecular Weight Distributions
Major Polymer Transitions
Polymer Synthesis and Structure
Cross-Linking, Plasticizers, and Fillers
The Macromolecular Hypothesis
Historical Development of Industrial Polymers
Molecular Engineering
General Reading
Handbooks, Encyclopedias, and Dictionaries
Web Sites
Study Problems
Names for Polymers
Chain Structure and Configuration
Examples of Configurations and Conformations
Theory and Instruments
Stereochemistry of Repeating Units
Repeating Unit Isomerism
Common Types of Copolymers
NMR in Modern Research
Multicomponent Polymers
Conformational States in Polymers
Analysis of Polymers during Mechanical Strain
Photophysics of Polymers
Configuration and Conformation
General Reading
Study Problems
Assorted Isomeric and Copolymer Macromolecules
Dilute Solution Thermodynamics, Molecular Weights, and Sizes
The Solubility Parameter
Thermodynamics of Mixing
Molecular Weight Averages
Determination of the Number-Average Molecular Weight
Weight-Average Molecular Weights and Radii of Gyration
Molecular Weights of Polymers
Intrinsic Viscosity
Gel Permeation Chromatography
Mass Spectrometry
Instrumentation for Molecular Weight Determination
Solution Thermodynamics and Molecular Weights
General Reading
Study Problems
Calibration and Application of Light-Scattering Instrumentation for the Case Where P([theat]) 1
Concentrated Solutions, Phase Separation Behavior, and Diffusion
Phase Separation and Fractionation
Regions of the Polymer-Solvent Phase Diagram
Polymer-Polymer Phase Separation
Diffusion and Permeability in Polymers
Latexes and Suspensions
Multicomponent and Multiphase Materials
General Reading
Study Problems
Scaling Law Theories and Applications
The Amorphous State
The Amorphous Polymer State
Experimental Evidence Regarding Amorphous Polymers
Conformation of the Polymer Chain
Macromolecular Dynamics
Concluding Remarks
General Reading
Study Problems
History of the Random Coil Model for Polymer Chains
Calculations Using the Diffusion Coefficient
Nobel Prize Winners in Polymer Science and Engineering
The Crystalline State
General Considerations
Methods of Determining Crystal Structure
The Unit Cell of Crystalline Polymers
Structure of Crystalline Polymers
Crystallization from the Melt
Kinetics of Crystallization
The Reentry Problem in Lamellae
Thermodynamics of Fusion
Effect of Chemical Structure on the Melting Temperature
Fiber Formation and Structure
The Hierarchical Structure of Polymeric Materials
How Do You Know It's a Polymer?
General Reading
Study Problems
Polymers in the Liquid Crystalline State
Definition of a Liquid Crystal
Rod-Shaped Chemical Structures
Liquid Crystalline Mesophases
Liquid Crystal Classification
Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams
Mesophase Identification in Thermotropic Polymers
Fiber Formation
Comparison of Major Polymer Types
Basic Requirements for Liquid Crystal Formation
General Reading
Study Problems
Glass-Rubber Transition Behavior
Simple Mechanical Relationships
Five Regions of Viscoelastic Behavior
Methods of Measuring Transitions in Polymers
Other Transitions and Relaxations
Time and Frequency Effects on Relaxation Processes
Theories of the Glass Transition
Effect of Molecular Weight on T[subscript g]
Effect of Copolymerization on T[subscript g]
Effect of Crystallinity on T[subscript g]
Dependence of T[subscript g] on Chemical Structure
Effect of Pressure on T[subscript g]
Damping and Dynamic Mechanical Behavior
Definitions of Elastomers, Plastics, Adhesives, and Fibers
General Reading
Study Problems
Molecular Motion near the Glass Transition
Cross-linked Polymers and Rubber Elasticity
Cross-links and Networks
Historical Development of Rubber
Rubber Network Structure
Rubber Elasticity Concepts
Thermodynamic Equation of State
Equation of State for Gases
Statistical Thermodynamics of Rubber Elasticity
The "Carnot Cycle" for Elastomers
Continuum Theories of Rubber Elasticity
Some Refinements to Rubber Elasticity
Internal Energy Effects
The Flory-Rehner Equation
Gelation Phenomena in Polymers
Gels and Gelation
Effects of Strain on the Melting Temperature
Elastomers in Current Use
Summary of Rubber Elasticity Behavior
General Reading
Study Problems
Gelatin as a Physically Cross-linked Elastomer
Elastic Behavior of a Rubber Band
Determination of the Cross-link Density of Rubber by Swelling to Equilibrium
Polymer Viscoelasticity and Rheology
Stress Relaxation and Creep
Relaxation and Retardation Times
The Time-Temperature Superposition Principle
Polymer Melt Viscosity
Polymer Rheology
Overview of Viscoelasticity and Rheology
General Reading
Study Problems
Energy of Activation from Chemical Stress Relaxation Times
Viscoelasticity of Cheese
Mechanical Behavior of Polymers
An Energy Balance for Deformation and Fracture
Deformation and Fracture in Polymers
Crack Growth
Cyclic Deformations
Molecular Aspects of Fracture and Healing in Polymers
Friction and Wear in Polymers
Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Polymers
General Reading
Study Problems
Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces
Polymer Surfaces
Thermodynamics of Surfaces and Interfaces
Instrumental Methods of Characterization
Conformation of Polymer Chains in a Polymer Blend Interphase
The Dilute Solution-Solid Interface
Instrumental Methods for Analyzing Polymer Solution Interfaces
Theoretical Aspects of the Organization of Chains at Walls
Adhesion at Interfaces
Interfaces of Polymeric Biomaterials with Living Organisms
Overview of Polymer Surface and Interface Science
General Reading
Study Problems
Estimation of Fractal Dimensions
Multicomponent Polymeric Materials
Classification Schemes for Multicomponent Polymeric Materials
Miscible and Immiscible Polymer Pairs
The Glass Transition Behavior of Multicomponent Polymer Materials
The Modulus of Multicomponent Polymeric Materials
The Morphology of Multiphase Polymeric Materials
Phase Diagrams in Polymer Blends (Broad Definition)
Morphology of Composite Materials
Nanotechnology-Based Materials
Montmorillonite Clays
Fracture Behavior of Multiphase Polymeric Materials
Processing and Applications of Polymer Blends and Composites
General Reading
Study Problems
Modern Polymer Topics
Thermoset Polymer Materials
Polymer and Polymer Blend Aspects of Bread Doughs
Natural Product Polymers
Dendritic Polymers and Other Novel Polymeric Structures
Polymers in Supercritical Fluids
Electrical Behavior of Polymers
Polymers for Nonlinear Optics
Light-Emitting Polymers and Electroactive Materials
Optical Tweezers in Biopolymer Research
The 3-D Structure and Function of Biopolymers
Fire Retardancy in Polymers
Polymer Solution-Induced Drag Reduction
Modern Engineering Plastics
Major Advances in Polymer Science and Engineering
General Reading
Study Problems
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