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Physics and Chemistry of Color The Fifteen Causes of Color

ISBN-10: 0471391069

ISBN-13: 9780471391067

Edition: 2nd 2001 (Revised)

Authors: Kurt Nassau

List price: $223.00
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Description:

This text describes the physics and chemistry behind the 15 causes of colour. The fundamental concepts required to understand such processes are covered so that specialized knowledge is not required.
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Book details

List price: $223.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/27/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 504
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.848

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Acknowledgments for the Second Edition
Acknowledgments for the First Edition
Light and Color
Some Fundamentals: Color, Light, and Interactions
Color
Early Views of Color
The Spectrum and "Colored" Light
Elementary Color Mixing
Chromaticity and Additive Color Mixing
Colored Objects and Subtractive Color Mixing
Color Order Systems
Color Perception
The Nature of Light
Light and Energy
Interactions of Light with Bulk Matter
Interactions of Light with Molecules, Atoms, and Electrons
Problems
Color Involving Vibrations and Simple Excitations
Color Produced by Incandescence
Incandescence
Blackbody Radiation
Incandescent Light Sources
Pyrotechnics
Cerenkov Radiation
Nature of Incandescent Light
Summary
Problems
Color produced by Gas Excitations
Quanta and Excitations
Flame Colorations
Neon Signs
Vapor Discharge Lamps
Fraunhofer Lines, Red Shifts, Resonance, and Fluorescence
Arcs, Lightning, and Coronas
Auroras
Gas Lasers
Summary
Problems
Color Produced by Vibrations and Rotations
Combination Electronic-Vibration-Rotation Colors
Fluorescence and Phosphorescence
Vibrations in Water and Ice
Summary
Problems
Color Involving Ligand Field Effects
Color Caused by Transition Metals in a Ligand Field
Ionic and Covalent Bonding
Bonding in Corundum
Chromium and the Color of Ruby
Luminescence and Pleochroism in Ruby
Chromium in Emerald
Alexandrite Effect
Usambara Effect in Tourmaline
Some Ligand Field Considerations
Idiochromatic Transition Metal Colors
Allochromatic Transition Metal Colors
Ruby and Neodymium Lasers
Summary
Problems
Color Involving Molecular Orbitals
Color in Organic Molecules
Early Views of Organic Color
Molecular Orbitals of Formaldehyde
Polyene Colorants
Green Colorants
Donor-Acceptor Colorants
Usambara Effect in Plastics
Fluorescence, Phosphorescence, and Organic Dye Lasers
Organic Light-Emitting Diodes
Summary
Problems
Charge Transfer Color
Blue Sapphire
Intervalence Charge Transfer
Other Types of Charge Transfer
Summary
Problems
Color Involving Band Theory
Color in Metals and Semiconductors
Band Theory
Color of Metals and Alloys
Transparent Metals
Other Substances with a Metal-Like Appearance
Pure Insulator and Semiconductor Colors
Semiconductor Color Caused by Impurities
LEDs and Semiconductor Lasers
Quantum Confinement in Semiconductors
Summary
Problems
Color Centers
F Centers
Smoky Quartz and Amethyst
Electron and Hole Centers
Irradiation Sources
Specific Color Centers
Color Center-Like Color Changes
Summary
Problems
Color Involving Geometrical and Physical Optics
Dispersive Refraction and Polarization
Dispersive Refraction
Transparency
Anomalous Dispersion
Dispersion-Produced Color
Double Refraction and Polarized Light
Summary
Problems
Scattering and Nonlinear Effects
Rayleigh and Mie Scattering
Scattering-Produced Color
Nonlinear Effects
Summary
Problems
Interference and Diffraction
Interference of Two Beams
Interference in a Thin Film
Interferometers and Interference Filters
Other Occurrences of Interference Not Involving Diffraction
Diffraction
Diffraction Gratings
Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Layer Gratings
Summary
Problems
Color-Related Topics
Colorants of Many Types
Colorants
Pigments
Pigment Incompatibilities and Paint Deterioration
Dyes, Dyeing, and Staining
Sensitizers and Dyes for Photography
Bleaching and Fading
Color in Glass, Glazes, and Enamels
Color Filters and Mirrors
Color in Liquid Crystals
Biological Coloration
Medical Uses of Light and Color
Color Changes in Food
Color Seen in the Atmosphere
Color in Minerals and Gemstones
Problems
Vision, Luminescence, Lasers, and Related Topics
Human Vision
Human Color Vision
Color Vision Defects
Color Vision in Animals
Photosynthesis
Chromogenic Effects
Photochemistry and Art Preservation
Light Sources
Luminescence
Chemiluminescence and Bioluminescence
Color Television and Computer Displays
Digital and Flat-Panel Displays
Lasers
Holography
Problems
Appendices
Units, Chromaticity, and Color Order Systems
Units for Color
Definitions
Energy Units and Their Conversions
Conversion Between eV and nm
Photometric Units
Absorption Laws
Attenuation
CIE Standard Observer and Tristimulus Values
Chromaticity
Color Order Systems
Advanced Colorimetry
Color Difference Assessment
Color-Measuring Instruments
Color Wheels
Incandescence Equations
Atoms and Simple Molecules
Shells ad Orbitals
Term Symbols and Selection Rules
Shapes of Orbitals
Hydrogen Molecule
Other Simple Molecules
Molecular Term Symbols
Diatomic Molecule Vibrations
Fluorescence and Phosphorescence
Two Triatomic Molecules
Crystal Fields, Ligand Fields, and Molecular Orbitals
Crystal Field Theory
Ligand Field Theory and Molecular Orbital Theory
Orgel Diagrams
Band Theory
Free Electron Model
Fermi Energy
Nearly Free Electron Model
Prism, Thin Film, and Layer Diffraction Grating
Minimum Deviation of a Prism
Resolving Power of a Prism
Interference in a Thin Film
Newton's Colors
Diffraction from a Layer Grating
Recommendations for Additional Reading
Index