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Research Ethics for Scientists A Companion for Students

ISBN-10: 0470745649

ISBN-13: 9780470745649

Edition: 2011

Authors: C. Neal Stewart

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Description:

This book will be about best practices in all the major common areas of research management and practice that are common to scientific researchers, especially those in academia. Aimed toward the younger scientist, it will critically examine the key areas that continue to plague scientists, even relatively mature and honest scientists, who continually deal with those who choose to misbehave or those who unintentionally slip into misbehaviour.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 9/30/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 224
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.836
Language: English

#60;b#62;C. Neal Stewart#60;/b#62; is Racheff Chair of Excellence in Plant Molecular Genetics and Professor, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee. #60;br#62;#60;p#62;#60;b#62;Alisher Touraev#60;/b#62; is Group Leader and Associated Professor of the Institute of Microbiology and Genetics at Vienna University.#60;br#62;#60;p#62;#60;b#62;Vitaly Citovsky #60;/b#62;is a Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology at the State University of New York, Stony Brook.#60;br#62;#60;p#62;#60;b#62;Tzvi Tzfira#60;/b#62; is Assistant Professor in Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology at the University of Michigan

Preface
Acknowledgements and Dedication
Research Ethics: The Best Ethical Practices Produce the Best Science
Judge yourself
Morality vs ethics
Inauspicious beginnings
How science works
Summary
Judge yourself redux
How Corrupt is Science?
Judge yourself
"Scientists behaving badly"
Do scientists behave worse with experience?
Judge yourself
Crime and punishment
Judge yourself
Judge yourself redux
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Judge yourself redux
Summary
Plagiarise and Perish
Ideas
Sentences
Phrases
A hoppy example
What is plagiarism, really?
Judge yourself
How many consecutive identical and uncited words constitute plagiarism?
Self-plagiarism and recycling
Judge yourself
Judge yourself
Tools to discover plagiarism
Self-plagiarism and ethics revisited
Judge yourself
Is plagiarism getting worse?
The case of the plagiarising graduate student
Judge yourself redux
v Judge yourself redux
Judge yourself redux
Summary
Finding the Perfect Mentor
Caveat
Choosing a mentor
Judge yourself
Choosing a graduate project
Judge yourself
Mentors for assistant professors
How to train your mentor
Choosing the right research project: the new graduate student's dilemma
Judge yourself redux
Judge yourself redux
Summary
Becoming the Perfect Mentor
Grants and contracts are a prerequisite to productive science
Judge yourself
Publications are the fruit of research
On a personal level
Judge yourself
Common and predictable mistakes scientist make at key stages in their training and careers and how being a good mentor can make improvements
Questions
Judge yourself redux
Judge yourself redux
Summary
Research Misconduct: Fabricating Data
Why cheat?
Judge yourself
The case of Jan Hendrick Sch�n, "Plastic Fantastic"
The case of Woo-Suk Hwang: dog cloner, data fabricator
Judge yourself
Detection of image and data misrepresentation
Judge yourself
Neither here nor there - the curious case of Homme Hellinga
Judge yourself
Lessons learnt
Judge yourself redux
Judge yourself redux
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Summary
Research Misconduct: Falsification and Whistleblowing
A "can of worms" indeed: the case of Elizabeth "Betsy" Goodwin
Judge yourself
Judge yourself
Judge yourself
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Deal with ethical quandaries informally if possible
Judge yourself
Cultivating a culture of openness, integrity, and accountability
Judge yourself redux
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Summary
Authorship: Who's an Author on a Scientific Paper and Why
The importance of the scientific publication
Judge yourself
Who should be listed as an author on a scientific paper?
Judge yourself
How to avoid author quandaries
Authorship for works other than research papers
The difference between authorship on scientific papers and inventorship on patents
Other thoughts on authorship and publications
Judge yourself
Judge yourself redux
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Summary
Grant Proposals: Ethics and Success Intertwined
Why funding is crucial
Judge yourself
Path to success in funding
Fair play and collaboration
Judge yourself
Judge yourself
Recordkeeping and fiscal responsibility
Pushing the limits on proposals
Judge yourself redux
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Summary
Peer Review and The Ethics of Privileged Information
The history of peer review
The nature of journals and the purpose of peer review
Which papers to review?
Anonymity
Judge yourself
Grant proposals
Confidentiality and privileged information
Reviewers
Judge yourself
Judge yourself redux
Judge yourself redux
Summary
Data and Data Management: The Ethics of Data
Stewardship of data
Judge yourself
Judge yourself
Judge yourself
The land of in-between: ethics of data presented at professional meetings
Judge yourself
Future of data management
Judge yourself redux
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Summary
Conflicts of Interest
The dynamic landscape of conflicts of interest
Potential conflicts of interest for university scientists
Judge yourself
Conflicts of interest within labs or universities
Judge yourself
Judge yourself redux
Judge yourself redux
Summary
What Kind of Research Science World Do We Want?
"A culture of discipline and an ethic of entrepreneurship"
Judge yourself
Too much pressure?
Integrity awareness through ethics education
Accountability
We scientists
Judge yourself redux
Summary
Appendix
References
Index