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Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere

ISBN-10: 0470745150

ISBN-13: 9780470745151

Edition: 2010

Authors: Maarten H. P. Ambaum

List price: $61.95
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Description:

A Short Course in Atmospheric Physics offers a concise introduction on how basic thermodynamic naturally leads on to advanced topics in atmospheric physics.The first two chapters of the book cover the basics of thermodynamics, mainly to set the scene and establish the notation and terminology. The rest of the book expands on these basics. Initially to develop the relevant thermodynamics to an advanced and general level; here examples from atmospheric science are used but throughout a very general approach is adopted allowing for straightforward generalizations and broader understanding. In these chapters the thermodynamics of phase transitions is also included. In addition, more modern concepts from non-equilibrium thermodynamics are introduced.The later chapters describe important applications, specific to more specialized areas of atmospheric science, including thermodynamic diagrams, vertical structure and stability, cloud formation, radiative processes, and surface exchange processes. These subjects are introduced with rigour and generality and provide a suitable starting point for the specialized literature on each subject.This book focuses as much as possible on more traditional thermal physics concepts so that students will find it easier to get to grips with the new material and at the same time find it easier to tackle more complex problems of atmospheric physics.
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Book details

List price: $61.95
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 4/16/2010
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 252
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Preface
Useful data
Ideal gases
Thermodynamic variables
Microscopic viewpoint
Ideal gas mixtures Problems
The first and second laws
Work
Energy conservation: the first law
Entropy and the second law
Boltzmann entropy
Entropy and probability: a macroscopic example
Entropy and probability: a stochastic example
Problems
General applications
Thermodynamic potentials
Heat capacity
Properties of ideal gases
van der Waals' gases
Open systems: enthalpy flux
Latent heat
Turbulent energy fluxes
Potential temperature
Problems
The atmosphere under gravity
Geopotential
Hydrostatic balance
Adiabatic lapse rate
Buoyancyp
Dry static energy and Bernoulli function
Statistical mechanics
Problems
Water in the atmosphere
The Clausius-Clapeyron equation
Calculation of saturated vapour pressure
Humidity variables
Moist static energy
Problems
Vertical structure of the moist atmosphere
Adiabatic lapse rate for moist air
Entropy budget for saturated air
Finite amplitude instabilities
Vertical structure in thermodynamic diagrams
Convective available potential energy
Cloud drops
Homogeneous nucleation: the Kelvin effect
Heterogeneous nucleation: the Raoult effect
K�hler theory
Charge-enhanced nucleation
Droplet growth
Problems
Mixtures and solutions
Chemical potentials
Ideal gas mixtures and ideal solutions
Raoult's law revisited
Boiling and freezing of solutions
Problems
Thermal radiation
Thermal radiation and Kirchhoff's law
The Stefan-Boltzmann and Wien displacement laws
Global energy budget and the greenhouse effect
Horizontal variations
Radiative intensity
Radiative transfer
Radiarive-convective equilibrium
Thermodynamics of a photon gas
Derivation of the Planck law
Problems
Non-equilibrium processes
Energetics of motion
Diabatic effects and the second law
Thermodynamics of forced dissipative systems
Climate thermodynamics
Problems
Functions of several variables
Exergy and thermodynamic stability
Thermodynamic diagrams
Relationship between energy density and energy flux
Index