Analyzing Elections

ISBN-10: 039397829X

ISBN-13: 9780393978292

Edition: 2002

Authors: Rebecca B. Morton

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This textbook uses a formal model to show how and why elections rule American politics. It highlights research from the past two decades on the impact of voters, candidates, political parties & interest groups on the electoral process & policy outcomes.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/30/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 704
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.892
Language: English

How Elections Rule American Politics
Bush versus Gore, September 11, and American Elections
Actors and Institutions
Election Games
The Plan of the Book
The Message of the Book
A Note to the Reader
Understanding Turnout
Three Things
Three Puzzles
Consumption versus Investment
Togetherness: The Group Investment Benefits of Voting
Consumption and Citizen Duty Redux
Voting Rationally and Turning Out Irrationally
The Forty-Five-Year Lag Revisited
The Final Puzzle-Why Did Turnout Decline in the 1970s?
What We Know
What We Don't Know: Why Turnout Rebounded in 2004
Study Questions and Problems
Appendix to Chapter 2
Trends in Voter Mobilization
Mobilization Strategies in the 2004 Election
The Good, the Bad, and the Institutions
Making Voting Cheap and Easy
Financing Turnout
What We Know
What We Don't Know: Candidates and Parties
Study Questions and Problems
Candidates, Primaries, and Ideological Divergence
Brothers in Office
Why Moderation Attracts in U.S. Elections
Moderation: Virtue or Vice?
A Battle for the Left
How Parties Affect Candidates' Positions
Uncertainty and Extremism
Variations in Primary Systems
Opening Primaries and Party Control
Ambition, Ideology, and Divergence
What We Know
What We Don't Know: Red States versus Blue States
Study Questions and Problems
Polarized over Policy or Voting on Valence?
A War between the States?
The Arguments behind the Polarized View: A Closer Look
Income Inequality, Immigration, and Polarization
Do Voters Base Choices on Issues or Abilities?
What We Know
What We Don't Know: What Money Does
Study Questions and Problems
Money and the Mass Media
How Campaigns Are Financed
The Desperate Man
Who Makes Contributions?
Federal Campaign Finance Regulations
Giving to Elect or to Receive?
Giving to Elect
Giving to Receive
Evidence on Quid Pro Quo Contributions
Coordination and the Decisiveness of Money
Policy versus Service Redux
What We Know
What We Don't Know: Opening Up the Black Box
Study Questions and Problems
How Campaign Money Affects Voters
Inside the Black Box: Indirect Influences
Inside the Black Box: Direct Influences
Empirical Evidence on Campaign Advertising
What We Know
What We Don't Know: Other Sources of Information
Study Questions and Problems
The Mass Media and Voters' Information
Candidate Information and the Media
A Biased Information Source?
The Sources and Effects of Media Bias
What We Know
What We Don't Know: A Referendum on Whom?
Study Questions and Problems
The Problems of Incomplete Information in Elections
Controlling the Behavior of Elected Officials
William Goodling's Unusual Election
A Return to Citizen Legislators
The Secret World of Incumbents
What the Voters May Not Know about Incumbents
Controlling Incumbents by Getting Information
Controlling Elected Officials on the Basis of Little Information
Empirical Evidence
Retrospective Voting and the Economy
Retrospective Voting and Parties
Should Incumbency Be Limited?
The Puzzle of the Increase in Term Limits
Voters' Changing the Electoral Calendar
Referenda and Initiatives
Elected versus Appointed Officials
What We Know
What We Don't Know: What Voters Want
Study Questions and Problems
Measuring Public Opinion
Psephology Failures
Public Opinion Polls and Elections
Show Me the Money
Election Night and Projecting Winners
Forecasting Elections before Campaigns Begin
What Do We Learn about Elections from Psephology Failures?
Do Elected Officials Read Polls?
Retrospective Voting and Public Opinion Polls
What Do Public Opinion Polls Tell Elected Officials?
What We Know
What We Don't Know: Other Reasons Why Goodling's Election Was Special
Study Questions and Problems
Federal Elections
Congressional Elections
Trying to Make a Difference
Apportionment and Membership of the House of Representatives
Does Gerrymandering Give Incumbents an Advantage?
The Decision to Run
Senate Elections
Are Congressional Races Special?
Not All Members Are Equal
Seniority, Elections, and Incumbency
Party Control, Positions of Power, and Upward Political Mobility
What We Know
What We Don't Know: Moving Down the Street
Study Questions and Problems
Presidential Primaries
Skipping Around or Sitting in Place?
What It Takes to Get on the Ballot in the Primaries
What It Takes to Get Nominated
How the Current System Works
How the Current System Works: The Evidence
Views of the State of Primaries
What We Know
What We Don't Know: The Next Step
Study Questions and Problems
Presidential Elections
Going West
How the Electoral College Works
The Electoral College and Campaigning
The Electoral Vote and Government Spending
Voters and Divided Government
What Happened to the Patient's Bill of Rights?
More Checks and Balances
What We Know
What We Don't Know: Other Parties and Candidates
Study Questions and Problems
Challenging the Majority
Minor Parties and Independent Candidates
Winning by Division
Voters' Choices in Three-Candidate Elections
Choosing Whether to Party
Moving to More Than One Dimension
Can Minor-Party or Independent Candidates Succeed in U.S. Elections?
How Influential Are Minor-Party and Independent Candidates?
Do Voters Vote Strategically?
Party Labels as Information and Coordination Devices
Nonpartisan Elections, Majority Requirements, and Coordination
Not Unique but Rare...
The Implications for Policy Choices
How Failing to Support David Worley Hurt the Democrats in 2000
What We Know
What We Don't Know: The Major Political Parties and Civil Rights
Study Questions and Problems
Minority Voters and Representation
The Dilemma of Representation
What It Was Like
The South Today
The Current Rise in Diversity
Defining Minority Representation
Vote Denial
Vote Dilution
Vote Dilution, the Fifteenth Amendment, and the Voting Rights Act
Majority-Minority Districts and the Redistricting Debate of the 1990s
Majority-Minority Districts and Other Minorities
Are Majority-Minority Districts Good for Minorities?
The Future of Redistricting
Vote Denial Today
What We Know
Study Questions and Problems
The Future and Analyzing Elections
The 2008 Presidential Contest
The Message and What We Know Redux
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