Henry Carlisle was born in 1926. He began his publishing career in New York as an editor at Knopf in 1954. He wrote several novels including Voyage to the First of December, The Idealists, The Jonah Man, The Somers Mutiny, and The Contract. He was elected President of PEN America in 1976. He died of complications from pneumonia on July 12, 2011 at the age of 84.
Richard Pevear has produced acclaimed translations of Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Gogol, & Bulgakov. The translation of "The Brothers Karamazov" won the 1991 PEN Book of the Month Club translation prize.
Larissa Volohonsky has produced acclaimed translations of Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Gogol, & Bulgakov. The translation of "The Brothers Karamazov" won the 1991 PEN Book of the Month Club translation prize.
One of the most powerful and significant authors in all modern fiction, Fyodor Dostoevsky was the son of a harsh and domineering army surgeon who was murdered by his own serfs (slaves), an event that was extremely important in shaping Dostoevsky's view of social and economic issues. He studied to be an engineer and began work as a draftsman. However, his first novel, Poor Folk (1846), was so well received that he abandoned engineering for writing. In 1849, Dostoevsky was arrested for being a part of a revolutionary group that owned an illegal printing press. He was sentenced to be executed, but the sentence was changed at the last minute, and he was sent to a prison camp in Siberia instead. By the time he was released in 1854, he had become a devout believer in both Christianity and Russia - although not in its ruler, the Czar. During the 1860's, Dostoevsky's personal life was in constant turmoil as the result of financial problems, a gambling addiction, and the deaths of his wife and brother. His second marriage in 1887 provided him with a stable home life and personal contentment, and during the years that followed he produced his great novels: Crime and Punishment (1886), the story of Rodya Raskolnikov, who kills two old women in the belief that he is beyond the bounds of good and evil; The Idiots (1868), the story of an epileptic who tragically affects the lives of those around him; The Possessed (1872), the story of the effect of revolutionary thought on the members of one Russian community; A Raw Youth (1875), which focuses on the disintegration and decay of family relationships and life; and The Brothers Karamazov (1880), which centers on the murder of Fyodor Karamazov and the effect the murder has on each of his four sons. These works have placed Dostoevsky in the front rank of the world's great novelists. Dostoevsky was an innovator, bringing new depth and meaning to the psychological novel and combining realism and philosophical speculation in his complex studies of the human condition.