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Ecology The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance, Package

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ISBN-10: 0321042891

ISBN-13: 9780321042897

Edition: 5th 2001

Authors: Charles J. Krebs

List price: $93.00
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Book details

List price: $93.00
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company
Publication date: 12/13/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 816
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.432
Language: English

Charles J. Krebs is professor emeritus of zoology at the University of British Columbia and thinker in residence at the University of Canberra.

What is Ecology?
Introduction to the Science of Ecology
Definition of Ecology
History of Ecology
Basic Problems and Approaches to Ecology
Levels of Integration
Methods of Approach to Ecology
Application of the Scientific Method to Ecology
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Evolution and Ecology
What Is Evolution?
Adaptation
Coevolution
Units of Selection
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
The Problem of Distribution: Populations
Methods for Analyzing Distributions
Transplant Experiments
Physiological Ecology
Adaptation
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Factors That Limit Distributions: Dispersal
Examples of Dispersal
The Three Modes of Dispersal
Colonization and Extinction
Evolutionary Advantages of Dispersal
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Factors That Limit Distributions: Habitat Selection
Behavioral Mechanisms of Habitat Selection
Evolution of Habitat Preferences
A Theory of Habitat Selection
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Factors That Limit Distributions: Interrelations with Other Species
Predation
Disease and Parasitism
Allelopathy
Competition
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Factors That Limit Distributions: Temperature, Moisture, and Other Physical-Chemical Factors
Climatology
Temperature and Moisture as Limiting Factors
Light as a Limiting Factor
Climate Change and Species Distributions
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
The Relationship Between Distribution and Abundance
The Spatial Scale of Geographic Ranges
Variations in Geographic Range Size
Range Size and Abundance
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
The Problem of Abundance
Population Parameters
The Population as a Unit of Study
Unitary and Modular Organisms
Estimation of Population Parameters
Limitations of the Population Approach
Composition of Populations
Summary
Key Concepts
Questions and Problems
Demographic Techniques: Vital Statistics
Life Tables
Intrinsic Capacity for Increase in Numbers
Reproductive Value
Age Distributions
Evolution of Demographic Traits
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Population Growth
Mathematical Theory
Laboratory Tests of the Logistics Theory
Field Data on Population Growth
Time-Lag Models of Population Growth
Stochastic Models of Population Growth
Population Projection Matrices
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Species Interactions: Competition
Classification of Species Interactions
Theories on Competition for Resources
Tilman's Model
Competition in Experimental Laboratory Populations
Competition in Natural Populations
Evolution of Competitive Ability
Character Displacement
Diffuse Competition and Indirect Effects
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Species Interactions: Predation
Mathematical Models of Predation
Laboratory Studies of Predation
Field Studies of Predation
Optimal Foraging Theory
Evolution of Predator-Prey Systems
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Species Interactions: Herbivory and Mutualism
Defense Mechanisms in Plants
Herbivores on the Serengeti Plains
Can Grazing Benefit Plants?
Dynamics of Herbivore Populations
Seed Dispersal: An Example of Mutualism
Complex Species Interactions
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Species Interactions: Disease and Parasitism
Mathematical Models of Host-Disease Interaction
Effects of Disease on Individuals
Effects on Mortality
Effects of Disease on Populations
Evolution of Host-Parasite Systems
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Population Regulation
A Simple Model of Population Regulation
Historical Views of Population Regulation
A Modern Synthesis of Population Regulation
Two Approaches to Studying Population Dynamics
Plant Population Regulation
Source and Sink Populations
Evolutionary Implications of Population Regulation
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Applied Problems I: Harvesting Populations
Logistic Models
Dynamic Pool Models
Laboratory Studies on Harvesting Theory
The Concept of Optimum Yield
Case Study: The King Crab Fishery
Case Study: The Northern Cod Fishery
Case Study: Antarctic Whaling
Risk-Aversive Management Strategies
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Applied Problems II: Pest Control
Examples of Biological Control
Theory of Biological Control
Genetic Controls of Pests
Immunocontraception
Integrated Control
Generalizations About Biological Control
Risks of Biological Control
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Applied Problems III: Conservation Biology
Small-Population Paradigm
Impacts of Introduced Species
Reserve Design and Reserve Selection
Examples of Conservation Problems
Summary
Conclusion
Key Concepts
Selected References
Question and Problems
Distribution and Abundance at the Community Level
The Nature of the Community
Dynamic Relations Between Populations
Community Characteristics
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Community Change
Primary Succession on Mount St. Helens
Concepts of Succession
A Simple Mathematical Model of Succession
Case Studies of Succession
The Climax State
Patch Dynamics
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Community Organization I: Biodiversity
Measurement of Biodiversity
Some Examples of Diversity Gradients
Factors That Might Cause Diversity Gradients
Local and Regional Diversity
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Community Organization II: Predation and Competition in Equilibrial Communities
Food Chains and Trophic Levels
Functional Roles and Guilds
Keystone Species
Dominant Species
Community Stability
Restoration Ecology
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Community Organization III: Distribance and Nonequilibrium Communities
Patches and Disturbance
The Role of Disturbance in Communities
Theoretical Nonequilibrium Models
Conceptual Models of Community Organization
The Special Case of Island Species
Multiple Stable States in Communities
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Ecosystem Metabolism I: Primary Production
Primary Production
Factors That Limit Primary Productivity
Plant Diversity and Productivity
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Ecosystem Metabolism II: Secondary Production
Measure of Secondary Production
Problems in Estimating Secondary Production
Ecological Efficiencies
What Limits Secondary Production?
Sustainable Energy Budgets
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Ecosystem Metabolism III: Nutrient Cycles
Nutrient Pools and Exchanges
Nutrient Cycles in Forests
Efficiency of Nutrient Use
Acid Rain: The Sulfur Cycle
The Nitrogen Cycle
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Ecosystem Health: Human Impacts
Human Population Growth
The Carbon Cycle
Individual Plant Responses to CO[subscript 2]
Climate Change
Changes in Land Use
Biotic Invasions and Species Ranges
Ecosystem Services
Summary
Key Concepts
Selected References
Questions and Problems
Epilogue
A Primer on Population Genetics
Estimation of the Size of the Marked Population in Capture-Recapture Studies
Instantaneous and Finite Rates
Species Diversity Measures of Heterogeneity
Glossary
Bibliography
Credits
Species Index
Subject Index