Herodotus and Sima Qian: the First Great Historians of Greece and China A Brief History with Documents

ISBN-10: 0312416490

ISBN-13: 9780312416492

Edition: 2010

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In this accessible volume, Thomas R. Martin compares the writings of Herodotus in ancient Greece with those of Sima Qian in ancient China to demonstrate the hallmarks of early history writing. While these authors lived in different centuries and were not aware of each other's works, Martin shows the similar struggles that each grappled with in preparing their historical accounts and how their efforts helped invent modern notions of history writing and the job of the historian. The introduction's cross-cultural analysis includes a biography of each author, illustrating the setting and times in which he worked, as well as a discussion of how each man introduced interpretation and moral judgment into his writing. The accompanying documents include excerpts from Herodotus'The Historiesand Sima Qian'sShiji, which illustrate their approach to history writing and their understanding of their own cultures. Also featured are maps and illustrations, a chronology, questions to consider, and a selected bibliography.
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Book details

List price: $20.99
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Bedford/Saint Martin's
Publication date: 9/8/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 208
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.638
Language: English

Introduction: Inventing History Writing in Greece and China
The Life of Herodotus (ca. 484-ca. 414 BCE)
The Persian Wars, 499-479 BCE
Herodotus's Historical Work: The Histories
Greek History Writing before Herodotus
The Form and Content of Herodotus's Historical Work
The Life of Sima Qian (ca. 145-ca. 86 BCE)
The Conquests of the Qin Dynasty, 221 BCE
Sima Qian's Historical Work: The Records of the Historian
Chinese History Writing before Sima Qian
The Form and Content of Sima Qian's Historical Work
Chronological Table from Sima Qian's: Records of the Historian
Conclusion: Comparing Herodotus and Sima Qian
The Documents
Herodotus, The Histories
How Asia and Europe Became Enemies: The Story of Croesus
How Others Live: The Customs of the Persians, Egyptians, Massagetai, and Scythians
Roping Asia to Europe: The Persian Invasion of Greece
Death before Dishonor: The Battle of Thermopylae and the Story of the Three Hundred
Human Wisdom and Divine Vengeance: Artemisia's Advice and Hermotimus's Revenge
Ending Stories: Cruelty and Revenge on Both Sides
Sima Qian, The Records of the Historian
Castration as the Price of Writing History: Sima Qian's Autobiographical Letter to Ren An
The First Emperor of China: The Basic Annals of the Qin Dynasty
Born from a Dragon: The Origins of Gaozu, Founder of the Han Dynasty
A Woman in Power: Empress Lu
Heroic Hermits: The Biographies of Bo Yi and Shu Qi
Arts of War: The Biographies of Sun Wu and Sun Bin
Imperial Assassin: The Biography of Jing Ke
How Others Live: The Customs of the Xiongnu
A Chronology of the Life of Herodotus and Events in His Histories (560-ca. 414 BCE)
A Chronology of the Life of Sima Qian and Events in His Records of the Historian (551-ca. 86 BCE)
Questions for Consideration
Selected Bibliography
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