Mikhail Afanasevich Bulgakov was a Russian playwright, novelist, and short-story writer best known for his use of humor and satire. He was born in Kiev, Ukraine, on May 15, 1891, and graduated from the Medical School of Kiev University in 1916. He served as a field doctor during World War I. Bulgakov's association with the Moscow Art Theater began in 1926 with the production of his play The Days of the Turbins, which was based on his novel The White Guard. His work was popular, but since it ridiculed the Soviet establishment, was frequently censored. His satiric novel The Heart of a Dog was not published openly in the U.S.S.R. until 1987. Bulgakov's plays including Pushkin and Moliere dealt with artistic freedom. His last novel, The Master and Margarita, was not published until 1966-67 and in censored form. Bulgakov died in Moscow on March 10, 1940.
Marina Balina is Isaac Funk Professor of Russian Studies at Illinois Wesleyan University. Her published research has focused on contemporary Russian life writing: autobiography, memoir, and travelogue. She has co-edited Endquote: Sots Art Literature and Soviet Empire Style (with Nancy Condee and Evgeny Dobrenko, Northwestern UP, 2000), Sovetskoe Bogatstvo: Statrsquo;i o literature, kulrsquo;ture i kino (with Evgeny Dobrenko and Yuri Murashov, Akademicheskii proekt, 2002), Dictionary of Literary Biography: Russian Writers since 1980 (with Mark Lipovetsky, Thomson & Gale Publishers, 2003),nbsp; an anthology of Russian and Soviet fairy tales, Politicizing Magic (with Helena Goscilo and Mark Lipovetsky, Northwestern UP, 2005), and most recently Russian Childrenrsquo;s Literature and Culture (with Larissa Rudova, Routledge, 2008.)nbsp;Evgeny Dobrenko has worked both in Russia (Odessa State University, Moscow State University, the Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow) and in the USA (Duke University, Stanford University, Amherst College, University of California, New York University). He moved to Sheffield in January 2007 after six years as a Professor in the Department of Russian and Slavonic Studies at the University of Nottingham. He is author, editor, or co-editor of more than fifteen books, including Stalinist Cinema and the Production of History: Museum of the Revolution, (Edinburgh UP/Yale UP, 2008); Political Economy of Socialist Realism, (Yale UP, 2007); Aesthetics of Alienation: Reassessment of Early Soviet Cultural Theories, (Northwestern UP, 2005); The Making of the State Writer: Social and Aesthetic Origins of Soviet Literary Culture, (Stanford UP, 2001); The Making of the State Reader: Social and Aesthetic Contexts of the Reception of Soviet Literature, (Stanford UP, 1997), and more than 200 articles and essays and his work has been translated into eight languages. His research interests lie in Soviet and post-Soviet culture, Socialist Realism, Russian and Soviet film, critical theory and Soviet cultural history.