Lonely Ideas Can Russia Compete?
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Description: When have you gone into an electronics store, picked up a desirable gadget, and foundthat it was labeled "Made in Russia"? Probably never. Russia, despite its epicintellectual achievements in music, literature, art, and pure science, is a negligible presence inworld technology. Despite its current leaders' ambitions to create a knowledge economy, Russia iseconomically dependent on gas and oil. In Lonely Ideas, Loren Graham investigatesRussia's long history of technological invention followed by failure to commercialize andimplement.For three centuries, Graham shows, Russia has been adept at developingtechnical ideas but abysmal at benefiting from them. From the seventeenth-century arms industrythrough twentieth-century Nobel-awarded work in lasers, Russia has failed to sustain itstechnological inventiveness. Graham identifies a range of conditions that nurture technologicalinnovation: a society that values inventiveness and practicality; an economic system that providesinvestment opportunities; a legal system that protects intellectual property; a political systemthat encourages innovation and success. Graham finds Russia lacking on all counts. He explains thatRussia's failure to sustain technology, and its recurrent attempts to force modernization, reflectits political and social evolution and even its resistance to democraticprinciples.But Graham points to new connections between Western companies andRussian researchers, new research institutions, a national focus on nanotechnology, and theestablishment of Skolkovo, "a new technology city." Today, he argues, Russia has the bestchance in its history to break its pattern of technological failure.
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All the information you need in one place! Each Study Brief is a summary of one specific subject; facts, figures, and explanations to help you learn faster.
List price: $30.95
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 9/13/2013
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.56" tall
|The Problem: Why Can't Russia, after Three Centuries of Trying, Modernize?|
|The Early Arms Industry: Early Achievement, Later Slump|
|Railroads: Promise and Distortion|
|The Electrical Industry: Failed Inventors of the Nineteenth Century|
|Aviation: A Frustrated Master, a Deformed Industry|
|Soviet Industrialization: The Myth That It Was Modernization|
|The Semiconductor Industry: Unheralded and Unrewarded Russian Pioneers|
|Genetics and Biotechnology: The Missed Revolution|
|Computers: Victory and Failure|
|Lasers: Genius and Missed Opportunities|
|The Exceptions and What They Prove: Software, Space, Nuclear Power|
|What Are the Causes of the Problem?|
|The Attitudinal Question|
|The Political Order|
|The Legal System|
|Corruption and Crime|
|The Organization of Education and Research|
|Can Russia Overcome Its Problem Today? Russia's Unique Opportunity|
|Creating New Foundations and Research Universities|
|RUSNANO (Nanotechnology) and Skolkovo (a New Technology City)|
|How Russia Could Break Out of Its Three-Centuries-Old Trap|
|Glossary of Names|