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Analyzing Animal Societies Quantitative Methods for Vertebrate Social Analysis

ISBN-10: 0226895238

ISBN-13: 9780226895239

Edition: 2008

Authors: Hal Whitehead

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Description:

Animals lead rich social lives. They care for one another, compete for resources, and mate. Within a society, social relationships may be simple or complex and usually vary considerably, both between different groups of individuals and over time. These social systems are fundamental to biological organization, and animal societies are central to studies of behavioral and evolutionary biology. But how do we study animal societies? How do we take observations of animals fighting, grooming, or forming groups and produce a realistic description or model of their societies? Analyzing AnimalSocietiespresents a conceptual framework for analyzing social behavior and demonstrates how to put this framework into practice by collecting suitable data on the interactions and associations of individuals so that relationships can be described, and, from these, models can be derived. In addition to presenting the tools, Hal Whitehead illustrates their applicability using a wide range of real data on a variety of animal species-from bats and chimps to dolphins and birds. The techniques that Whitehead describes will be profitably adopted by scientists working with primates, cetaceans, birds, and ungulates, but the tools can be used to study societies of invertebrates, amphibians, and even humans. Analyzing AnimalSocietieswill become a standard reference for those studying vertebrate social behavior and will give to these studies the kind of quality standard already in use in other areas of the life sciences.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 7/15/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 320
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

Hal Whitehead is a University Research Professor in the Department of Biology at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Acknowledgments
Conventions and Abbreviations
Analyzing Social Structure
Introduction
What Is Social Structure?
Why Social Structure Is Important
Conceptualizing Animal Societies: A Brief History
Ethology and Behavioral Ecology
Hinde’s Ethological Conceptual Framework of Social Structure
Other Definitions and Concepts of Social Structure
Elements and Measures of Social Structure
The Functional Why Questions, and Ecology
Examples of Social Analyses
Problems with Analyzing Social Structure
Technical Matters
Modes of Scientific Enquiry
Basic Descriptive Statistics
Precision of Statistics: Bootstraps and Jackknives
Hypothesis Testing
Data Matrices
Ordination
Classification
Model Fitting and Selection: the Method of Likelihood and the Akaike Information Criterion
Computer Programs
Observing Interactions and Associations: Collecting Data
Types of Behavior
Interactions
Associations
Groups
Identifying Individuals &n