Theory and Reality An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

ISBN-10: 0226300633

ISBN-13: 9780226300634

Edition: 2003

Authors: Peter Godfrey-Smith

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Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, 'Theory and Reality' surveys the main themes in the philosophy of science.
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Book details

List price: $29.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 8/1/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.836
Language: English

A Note for Those Teaching with the Book
Setting Out
The Scope of the Theory
What Kind of Theory?
Three Answers, or Pieces of an Answer
Historical Interlude: A Sketch of the Scientific Revolution Further Reading
Logic Plus Empiricism
The Empiricist Tradition
The Vienna Circle
Central Ideas of Logical Positivism
Problems and Changes
Logical Empiricism
On the Fall of Logical Empiricism Further Reading
Induction and Confirmation
The Mother of All Problems
Induction, Deduction, Confirmation, and Explanatory Inference
The Ravens Problem
Goodman's "New Riddle of Induction" Further Reading
Popper: Conjecture and Refutation
Popper's Unique Place in the Philosophy of Science
Popper's Theory of Science
Popper on Scientific Change
Objections to Popper on Falsification
Objections to Popper on Confirmation
Further Comments on the Demarcation Problem Further Reading
Kuhn and Normal Science
"The Paradigm Has Shifted"
Paradigms: A Closer Look
Normal Science
Anomaly and Crisis
Wrap-up of Normal Science Further Reading
Kuhn and Revolutions
Considerable Upset
Revolutions and Their Aftermath
Incommensurability, Relativism, and Progress
The X-Rated "Chapter X"
Final Thoughts on Kuhn Further Reading
Lakatos, Laudan, Feyerabend, and Frameworks
Lakatos and Research Programs
Laudan and Research Traditions
Anything Goes
An Argument from History That Haunts Philosophy
Pluralism and the Ramblings of Madmen
Taking Stock: Frameworks and Two-Process Theories of Science Further Reading
The Challenge from Sociology of Science
Beyond Philosophy?
Robert Merton and the "Old" Sociology of Science
The Rise of the Strong Program
Leviathan and Latour Further Reading
Feminism and Science Studies
"Science Is Political"
The Man of Reason
The Case of Primatology
Feminist Epistemology
Science Studies, the Science Wars, and the Sokal Hoax Further Reading
Naturalistic Philosophy in Theory and Practice
What Is Naturalism?
Quine, Dewey, and Others
The Theory-Ladenness of Observation Further Reading
Naturalism and the Social Structure of Science
Science as a Process
Kitcher and the Division of Scientific Labor
Social Structure and Empiricism Further Reading
Scientific Realism
Strange Debates
Approaching Scientific Realism
A Statement of Scientific Realism
Challenges from Traditional Empiricism
Metaphysical Constructivism
Van Fraassen's View
Representation, Models, and Truth (Optional Section) Further Reading
Knowing Why
The Rise and Fall of the Covering Law Theory of Explanation
Causation, Unification, and More
Laws and Causes (Optional Section) Further Reading
Bayesianism and Modern Theories of Evidence
New Hope
Understanding Evidence with Probability
The Subjectivist Interpretation of Probability
Assessing Bayesianism
Scientific Realism and Theories of Evidence
Procedural Naturalism (Optional Section) Further Reading
Empiricism, Naturalism, and Scientific Realism?
A Muddy Paste?
The Apparent Tensions
Empiricism Reformed
A Last Challenge
The Future
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