Nancy M. Carter holds the Richard M. Schulze Chair in Entrepreneurship at the University of St. Thomas (Minneapolis). Previously she held the Coleman Foundation Chair in Entrepreneurial Studies, Director of the Center for the Study of Entrepreneurship, and was founding Director of the Center for Family Business at Marquette University. Her research program focuses on the emergence of organizations with a special emphasis on women owned initiatives. She has published extensively on organizations, strategy and entrepreneurship. She is on the editorial review boards of Journal of Small Business Management, Journal of Development Entrepreneurship, and was co-editor of the 17th and 18th Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research. She co-founded the Entrepreneurship Research Consortium, a cross-national initiative involving 10 countries studying business start-ups.Paul D. Reynolds is the Paul T. Babson Chair in Entrepreneurial Studies at Babson College (Wellesley, Massachusetts), a Visiting Professor in Entrepreneurship at the London Business School, and the director of the annual Babson-Kauffman Entrepreneurship Research Conference (1996-1999). He was the Coleman Foundation Chair in Entrepreneurial Studies at Marquette University (Milwaukee, Wisconsin) for five years (1990-1995). Reynolds is now coordinator of the Entrepreneurial Research Consortium (ERC), an international collaboration of 31 university units, government agencies and foundations implementing national longitudinal studies of business start-ups in the U.S. and eight other countries. As coordinating principal investigator of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) project, he is coordinating 10 national teams in the first analysis of the contributions of the entrepreneurial sector to national economic growth. He is the author or co-author of three conference proceedings, four books, four data sets in the University of Michigan ICPSR public archives, 25 project reports and research monographs, 60 peer review journal articles or conference proceeding reports, and several hundred professional conference presentations.