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Women, Law, and Social Control

ISBN-10: 0205442072

ISBN-13: 9780205442072

Edition: 2nd 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Alida V. Merlo, Joycelyn M. Pollock

List price: $118.60
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Description:

Key Benefit: A collection of original articles written by leading scholars in the field that examines women as offenders, professionals, and victims. Key Topic: This integrated approach explores current issues - including the increase in women's imprisonment rates, women as rape survivors, women who kill in abusive relationships, and women working within the criminal justice system-which illuminates the special sanctions women face today.
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Book details

List price: $118.60
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/21/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

Dr. Joycelyn Pollock has been a professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Texas State University-San Marcos (formerly Southwest Texas State University) since 1993. She previously served as a probation and parole officer in the state of Washington and a program review specialist for the New York Department of Correctional Services. She taught law and criminology at the University of Turku, Finland, as a Fulbright fellow and conducted training in the areas of criminology, sexual harassment and ethics. Dr. Pollock's many published works include PRISON: TODAY AND TOMORROW; WOMEN, LAW, AND SOCIAL CONTROL; PRISONS AND PRISON LIFE: COSTS AND CONSEQUENCES; and MORALITY STORIES. She received a Ph.D. from the State University of New York at Albany and a J.D. from the University of Houston.

Preface
About the Contributors
Introduction
Gender, Justice, and Social Control: A Historical Perspective
Images of Women and Social Control
Social Control
Women's Role in Colonial America
The Nineteenth Century: "Separate Spheres"
Feminism in the Nineteenth Century
The Twentieth Century
The Second Wave of Feminism
Women as Criminals
Women as Victims
Women as Professionals
Crossovers
Conclusion
Images of Women
Historical Images of Women
Images of Women as Criminals
The Emergence of Mass Media
Evolving Images of Women in Mass Media
Images of Criminal Women and Criminal Justice Practitioners
In Search of Positive Images for Women
Images of Women in Music and Comics
News Coverage of Victims and Offenders
Conclusion
Current Issues in the Law and Women: What Would a Reasonable Woman Do?
Law as a Gendered Entity
What Would a Reasonable Woman Do?
Case Law and the Reasonable Women Standard
Civil Protection Orders that Encompass the Reasonable Woman Standard
Separate Spheres
The Legal Bridge into the Male Sphere
Women in Criminal Justice Agencies
Employment Discrimination Continues
Reverse Discrimination
Women's Experiences in the Law
The Gender Bias Studies
Policy Implications
Conclusion
Regulating and Controlling Women's Bodies
Pregnant Women and Drugs
Prosecution of Pregnant Women for Substance Abuse
The Effects of Crack Cocaine on Fetuses
A Slippery Slope?
Defining the Fetus as a Person
Coercive Contraception
Controlling Women with AIDS
Controlling Pregnant Women with AIDS
HIV/AIDS in Prison
The Criminal Justice System's Response to Women Infected with HIV/AIDS
Policy Implications and Future Goals
Conclusion
Women Practitioners in the Criminal Justice System
Police Women in the Twenty-First Century
Media Images of Policewomen
Research on Policewomen
Applied Research
Voices from Women in the Field
Recruitment and Retention
Promotion Findings
Sexual Harassment Findings
Interagency Collaboration Findings
Summary of Findings
Conclusion
Women Working in Prisons and Jail Settings: Progress and Prospects
Perspectives on Work Behavior
History of Women in Corrections
Legal Challenges to Women Working in All-Male Institutions
Women Working as Correctional Officers
Reasons for Women's Entry into Corrections
Supervision Styles of Women Correctional Officers
Perceptions of Supervisory Styles
Views of Male Coworkers
Attitudes of Male Inmates
Attitudes of Correctional Administrators
Women in Management Positions
Perspectives on Management Styles
Management Styles of Female Wardens and Superintendents
Major Obstacles for Women
Increased Occupational Stress
Gender and Sexual Harassment
Conclusion
The Practice of Law in the Twenty-First Century
History of Women in the Legal Profession
Stereotypes That Hurt Women Lawyers
Gender Bias Is Widespread and Persistent
Salary Inequities Remain
Female Lawyers of Color
Women in the Judiciary
Women in Law School
Balanced Lives
Female Lawyers in the Criminal Justice System
Redefining the Legal Profession
Conclusion
Women as Victims
Rape Survivors: The Law and The Reality
Types and Definitions of Rape
Types of Rape
Perceptual Definitions of Rape
Personal Definitions of Rape
Legal Definitions of Rape
Legal Reforms
Marital Exemption for Rape
Rape Shield Laws
Campus Reforms
Hate Rape
Prevalence and Correlates
Trends and the 2002 Victimization Data
Aftermath of Rape
Rape Trauma Syndrome
Postrape Adjustment
Motivation for Rape
Feminist Theories
Individualistic Theories
Limitations of Rape Motivation Theories
Policy Implications
Preventing Acquaintance Rape
Law Enforcement Issues
Higher Education Issues
NCVS Methodological Issues
Conclusion
Intimate Partner Violence Against and By Women
Historical Perspective
Intimate Partner Violence
Prevalence of Relationship Violence
Crimes Against Women
Effects of Intimate Partner Violence
Responses to Intimate Partner Violence
Social Action Responses
Legalistic Responses
Conclusion
Women Offenders
Female Criminality: Ten Years Later
Constructing a Theory of Female Criminality
Recent Theories
Drugs: Impact on Female Criminality
Conclusion
Women Drug Offenders
A Brief History of Drugs
Women as Drug Offenders
Criminal Involvement with Drugs
The Impact of the War on Drugs
Drug Offending and Women's Lifestyles
Sources of Interaction
Drugs and Social Issues
Drugs and Criminological Theories
Treatment Issues
Access to Treatment
Treatment for AIDS
Mental Health, Abuse, and Family Support Issues
Policy Responses and Implications
Laws and Pregnancy
Asset Forfeiture and Zero Tolerance Policies
Termination of Parental Rights
Mandatory Minimum Sentences and Harsher Drug Laws
Conclusion
Women as Perpetrators of Murder
Images of Murder: Women as Offenders and Victims
Offender/Victim Relationship
Marital Violence
Infanticide
Suicide
Theories of Family Violence
Integrated Model
Motives for Murder
Conclusion
Girls, Minorities, and Women in the System
The Context of Women's Imprisonment
Gender and Social Control
The Gendered Context of the Imprisonment Binge
Pathways to Imprisonment: A Contextual Approach
Violence and Trauma
Substance Abuse
Economic Marginalization
Origins of the Prison
The Reformatory
The Contemporary Prison
Programming
Issues Affecting Women in Prison
Reentry and the Gendered Problems of Parole
The Experience of Parole for Women
Parole and Motherhood
Recidivism
Policy Implications
Conclusion
Still the "Best Place to Conquer Girls": Girls and the Juvenile Justice System
A Century of Girls' Justice
Research and Girls in the System
Girls' Arrest Trends
Relabeling
Rediscovery and "Upcriming"
Juvenile Justice in the New Millennium
Girls Detention Trends
Girls' Experiences in Detention
Gender and Training Schools-Girls' Victimization Continues
Girls and Juvenile Justice: What Does the Future Hold?
Conclusion
Intersectionality of Race/Ethnicity, Class, and Justice: Women of Color
Conceptual Framework
Justice
Race/Ethnicity, Class, and Crime
Women of Color
Theoretical Perspectives
Race/Ethnicity, Class, and Gender Intersectionality
Race/Ethnicity, Class, Criminalization, and Justice
Criminalization
Women of Color and the Courts
Women of Color and Incarceration
Race/Ethnicity, Class, Victimization, and Justice
Domestic Violence
Sexual Abuse
Other Forms of Victimization
Consequences of Differential Justice
Policy Implications
Conclusion
Conclusion
Assessing Progress and Imaging the Future for Women and Justice
Women in Law-Related Professions
Women, the Law, and the Judiciary
Women in Law Enforcement
Harassment and Discrimination in the Profession
Women in Corrections
Controlling Women's Bodies
Female Victims
Rape Victimization
Battered Women
Female Offenders and the System's Response
Women, Crime, and Drugs
Women Involved in Violent Crime
Women in Prison and Jail
Juvenile Female Offenders: Differential Processing and Treatment
The Intersection of Race/Ethnicity, Gender, Class, and Criminal Justice
Strategies for the Incorporation of Women and Women's Perspectives in Law
Women's Progress in Education and Politics
Index