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Introduction to Persons with Moderate and Severe Disabilities Educational and Social Issues

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ISBN-10: 0205335691

ISBN-13: 9780205335695

Edition: 2nd 2003 (Revised)

Authors: John J. McDonnell, Michael L. Hardman, Andrea P. McDonnell

List price: $197.20
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Description:

This book addresses the critical challenges faced by people with severe disabilities in becoming full members of our society, and provides teachers with the tools they need to successfully teach this population. It examines the ways that society has historically treated this group of people and describes promising practices that will shape the future of services and programs from birth through old age. For anyone interested in learning about developmental disabilities and/or special education.
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Book details

List price: $197.20
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/9/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.914
Language: English

Preface
Understanding People with Severe Disabilities
Defining Severe Disabilities
Historical Definitions
The TASH Definition
Definitions by Category of Disability
The IDEA Definitions of Severe and Multiple Disabilities
Prevalence
Causation
Current Issues in Assessment and Labeling
Definitions and Use of Norm-Referenced Tests
Functional Assessment
Conclusion
Focus Review
References
Valuing People with Severe Disabilities: Toward Effective Education and Community Service Systems
History of Educational and Community Services
The Institutional Model
The Developmental Model
The Ecological Model
Emerging Values in Service Programs
Full Inclusion
Natural Supports
Choice and Autonomy
Conclusion
Focus Review
References
Family, Friends, and Society: Supporting People with Severe Disabilities
Formal Support Networks
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
School Reform and Accountability for Students with Severe Disabilities
Other Government-Supported Programs
Advocacy Organizations
Natural Supports
Family
Friends
Community
Conclusion
Focus Review
References
Biomedical Issues
Bioethics
Prevention
Genetic Engineering
Organ Transplantation
Genetic Screening
Genetic Counseling
Abortion
Withholding Medical Treatment
Advances in Newborn Intensive Care
Conclusion
Focus Review
References
Multicultural and Diversity Issues
Key Concepts and Definitions
Context of Increasing Diversity
Diversity and Special Education
Culture and Key Cultural Dimensions
Cultural Competence
Importance and Need for Culturally Competent Services for People with Severe Disabilities and Their Families
Current Trends: Providing Culturally Competent Services
Honoring Differences
Increasing the Cultural Competence of Professionals
Approaches for Enhancing Cultural Competence
Enhancing Cross-Cultural Communication
Strategies for Building Rapport and Communicating Effectively
Cultural Mediators and Language Interpreters
Selected Approaches for Planning and Implementing Culturally Competent Services
Future Directions
Focus Review
References
Assistive Technology
Importance and Needs for People with Severe Disabilities
Aids for Daily Living
Communication Aids
Aids for Working, Learning, and Playing
Mobility Aids
Positioning Aids
Federal Legislation and Assistive Technology
Rehabilitation Act
Technology Related Assistance Act
Telecommunications Accessibility Enhancement Act
Americans with Disabilities Act
1997 IDEA Amendments
Identification and Functional Use of Assistive Technology Devices and Services
Identification of Appropriate AT Devices and Services
Functional Use of AT Devices and Services
Knowledge and Skill Competencies
Conclusion and Future Directions
Focus Review
References
Positive Behavioral Support
Prevalence of Severe Problem Behaviors
Life Impact
A Shift in Perspective on Providing Behavioral Support
Key Concepts and Definitions
Whose Problem Is It Anyway?
What's in a Name? Positive Behavioral Support
Current Definitions and Features of Positive Behavioral Support
Models and Strategies for Conducting Functional Assessments and Providing Comprehensive Positive Behavioral Support
Initial Lifestyle Assessment and Planning
Functional Assessment and Analysis
Developing and Implementing Assessment-Based Comprehensive Behavior Support Plans
The Competing Behavior Perspective
Future Directions in Behavioral Support
Early Intervention and Lifestyle Factors as Interventions and Outcomes
Broader Perspectives on Implementing Behavioral Support
Continued Development of Functional Assessment Technology
Research into Practice: Where the Rubber Meets the Road
Conclusion
Focus Review
References
Early Intervention Programs for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities and Their Families
Historical Overview of Early Intervention Services
Institutionalization
Child-Centered Early Intervention
Family-Focused to Family-Centered Early Intervention
Current Trends: Federal Legislation and Early Intervention
Early Intervention as Defined by P.L. 105-17, Part C
Family-Centered Early Intervention
A Philosophy of Enabling and Empowering Families
Expected Outcomes of Early Intervention
Structure and Organization: Implementing Family-Centered Early Intervention
Family-Directed Assessment and Selecting Intervention Goals
Effective Practices in Family-Centered Early Intervention
Natural Supports and Natural Environments
Transition Planning
Service Coordination
Changing Needs: Birth to Three
Future Directions in Early Intervention
Prevention and Treatment of Developmental Disabilities
Future Trends in Early Intervention Services
Focus Review
References
Programs for Preschool Children
Historical Overview of Preschool Services
Types of Services and Service Delivery Models
Philosophical and Curricular Models
Models of Integration and Inclusion
The Influence of Federal Legislation on Preschool Programs
Current Trends and Issues in Meeting the Educational Needs of Preschoolers with Severe Disabilities
Developmentally Appropriate Learning Experiences
Inclusive Learning Environments
Comprehensive and Individually Appropriate Interventions
Interventions for Young Children with Challenging Behaviors
Expected Outcomes for Preschool Services
Structure/Organization of Preschool Programs
Recommended Practices for Preschool Programs
Effective Practices for Preschool Programs: Developing and Implementing IEPs for Preschoolers
Team Membership and Collaboration
Ecologically Based Curriculum and IEP Development for Preschool Children
Implementing Intervention in Natural Routines and Activities
Transition Planning and Preschool IEPs
Future Directions for Preschool Programs
Focus Review
References
Elementary Programs
The History of Elementary Programs
Influence of IDEA '97
Influence of the Regular Education Initiative and the Inclusion Movement
Structure of Elementary Programs
The "Continuum" of Educational Services
Inclusive Educational Programs
Effective Practices
Student and Family-Centered Planning
Curriculum and Instruction Referenced to Home, School, and Community
Promoting Friendships and Natural Supports
Promoting Choice and Autonomy
Transdisciplinary Teaming
Future Directions and Issues
Linkages with Ongoing School Reform Initiatives
Integrating General and Special Education Pedagogy
Redefining the Roles of Special and General Educators
Focus Review
References
Secondary Programs
The History of Secondary Programs
The Influence of Federal Legislation on Secondary Programs
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Vocational Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1992 and 1998
The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999
The School-to-Work Opportunity Act (STOWA) of 1994
Structure of Secondary Programs
Effective Practices
Inclusive Education
Curriculum and Instruction Referenced to the Demands of Adulthood
Person-Centered Transition Planning
Securing Paid Employment
Developing Natural Supports
Future Directions and Issues
Student Control
Inclusion in the General Secondary Curriculum
The Structure of Post-High School Programs
Focus Review
References
Employment and Residential Programs for Adults
History of Employment and Residential Programs
Structure of Employment Programs
The Continuum of Employment Services
Supported Employment
Structure of Residential Programs
The Continuum of Residential Services
Supported Living
Future Directions
Consumer Control
Natural Supports
Conclusion
Focus Review
References
Programs for Older Adults
Historical Overview of Services for Older Adults
The Structure of Services for the Aging and Elderly
Age-Segregated or Age-Integrated Programs
Community-Based or Institutional Programs
Future Directions
Definition of Elderly for Persons with Disabilities
Aging Caregivers and Wait Lists
Age-Appropriate Services
Collaboration between Aging and Disability Agencies
Conclusion
Focus Review
References
Author Index
Subject Index