Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development From Research to Practice and Policy

ISBN-10: 0199755051

ISBN-13: 9780199755059

Edition: 2013

Authors: Darcia Narvaez, Jaak Panksepp, Allan N. Schore, Tracy R. Gleason

List price: $82.95
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The field of cognitive psychology has expanded rapidly in recent years, with experts in affective and cognitive neuroscience revealing more about mammalian brain function than ever before. In contrast, psychological problems such as ADHD, autism, anxiety, and depression are on the rise, as aremedical conditions such as diabetes, obesity, and autoimmune disorders. Why, in this era of unprecedented scientific self-knowledge, does there seem to be so much uncertainty about what human beings need for optimal development?Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development asserts that human development is being misshaped by government policies, social practices, and public beliefs that fail to consider basic human needs. In this pioneering volume, scientists from a range of disciplines theorize that the increase inconditions such as depression and obesity can be partially attributed to a disparity between the environments and conditions under which our mammalian brains currently develop and our evolutionary heritage. For example, healthy brain and emotional development depends to a significant extent uponcaregiver availability and quality of care. These include practices such as breastfeeding, co-sleeping, and parental social support, which have waned in modern society, but nevertheless may be integral to healthy development. As the authors argue, without a more informed appreciation of the idealconditions under which human brains/minds develop and function, human beings will continue to struggle with suboptimal mental and physical health, and as problems emerge psychological treatments alone will not be effective. The best approach is to recognize these needs at the outset so as to optimize child development. Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development puts forth a logical, empirically based argument regarding human mammalian needs for optimal development, based on research from anthropology,neurobiology, animal science, and human development. The result is a unique exploration of evolutionary approaches to human behavior that will support the advancement of new policies, new attitudes towards health, and alterations in childcare practices that will better promote healthy humandevelopment.
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Book details

List price: $82.95
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 10/18/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 512
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 1.914
Language: English

Notes from the Editors
Human Nature: The Effects of Evolution and Environment
The Value of Using an Evolutionary Framework for Gauging Children's Well-Being
Bowlby's "Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness": Recent Studies on the Interpersonal Neurobiology of Attachment and Emotional Development
Commentary: Early Experience, Neurobiology, Plasticity, Vulnerability, and Resilience
How Primary-Process Emotional Systems Guide Child Development: Ancestral Regulators of Human Happiness, Thriving, and Suffering
Commentary: The Integrative Meaning of Emotion
Epigenetics and the Environmental Regulation of the Genome and Its Function
Commentary: The Messages of Epigenetic Research
Neurobiology and the Evolution of Mammalian Social Behavior
Dopamine: Another "Magic Bullet" for Caregiver Responsiveness?
The Neurobiological Basis of Empathy and Its Development in the Context of Our Evolutionary Heritage
Commentary: The Death of Empathy?
Commentary: Born for Art, and the Joyful Companionship of Fiction
Early Experience: The Effects of Cultural Practice
Birth and the First Postnatal Hour
Nighttime Nurturing: An Evolutionary Perspective on Breastfeeding and Sleep
Touch and Pain Perception in Infants
Infant Feeding Practices: Rates, Risks of Not Breastfeeding, and Factors Influencing Breastfeeding
Commentary: Short-Term and Long-Term Effects of Oxytocin Released by Suckling and of Skin-to-Skin Contact in Mothers and Infants
Developmental Optimization
Commentary: Darwin et al. on Developmental Optimization
Commentary: Adaptations and Adaptations
Themes in Human Evolution
Play, Plasticity, and Ontogeny in Childhood
The Value of a Play-Filled Childhood in Development of the Hunter-Gatherer Individual
Rough-and-Tumble Play and the Cooperation-Competition Dilemma: Evolutionary and Developmental Perspectives on the Development of Social Competence
Commentary: Play in Hunter-Gatherers
Perspectives and Counterperspectives
Perspective 1: Why Would Natural Selection Craft on Organism Whose Future Functioning Is Influenced by Its Earlier Experiences?
Perspective 2: Play, Plasticity, and the Perils of Conflict: "Problematizing" Sociobiology
Perspective 3: The Emergent Organism: A New Paradigm
Perspective 4: Can Science Progress to a Revitalized Past?
Perspective 5: Earliest Experiences and Attachment Processes
Perspective 6: Nurturant Versus Nonnurturant Environments and the Failure of the Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness
Perspective 7: "It's Dangerous to Be an Infant": Ongoing Relevance of John Bowlby's Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness in Promoting Healthier Births, Safer Maternal-Infant Sleep, and Breastfeeding in a Contemporary Western Industrial Context
The Future of Human Nature: Implications for Research, Policy, and Ethics
About the Editors
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