Social Perception and Social Reality Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

ISBN-10: 0195366603

ISBN-13: 9780195366600

Edition: 2012

Authors: Lee J. Jussim

List price: $94.00
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Social Perception and Social Reality contests the received wisdom in the field of social psychology that suggests that social perception and judgment are generally flawed, biased, and powerfully self-fulfilling. Jussim reviews a wealth of real world, survey, and experimental data collectedover the last century to show that in fact, social psychological research consistently demonstrates that biases and self-fulfilling prophecies are generally weak, fragile, and fleeting. Furthermore, research in the social sciences has shown stereotypes to be accurate. Jussim overturns the received wisdom concerning social perception in several ways. He critically reviews studies that are highly cited darlings of the bias conclusion and shows how these studies demonstrate far more accuracy than bias, or are not replicable in subsequent research. Studies of equalor higher quality, which have been replicated consistently, are shown to demonstrate high accuracy, low bias, or both. The book is peppered with discussions suggesting that theoretical and political blinders have led to an odd state of affairs in which the flawed or misinterpreted bias studiesreceive a great deal of attention, while stronger and more replicable accuracy studies receive relatively little attention.In addition, the author presents both personal and real world examples (such as stock market prices, sporting events, and political elections) that routinely undermine heavy-handed emphases on error and bias, but are generally indicative of high levels of rationality and accuracy. He fully embracesscientific data, even when that data yields unpopular conclusions or contests prevailing conventions or the received wisdom in psychology, in other social sciences, and in broader society.
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Book details

List price: $94.00
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 4/6/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 464
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.508
Language: English

Introduction: this Book, Basic Ideas, and the Early Research
Introduction: How Might Social Beliefs Relate to Social Reality?
Social Reality Is Not Always What It Appears To Be: The Scientific Roots of Research on Interpersonal Expectancies
The Once Raging and Still Smoldering Pygmalion Controversy
The Awesome Power of Expectations to Create Reality and Distort Perceptions
The Extraordinary Power of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
The Extraordinary Power of Expectancies to Bias Perception, Memory, and Information-Seeking
The Less than Awesome Power of Expectations to Create Reality and Distort Perceptions
The Less Than Extraordinary Power of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies: Considerations Based on Common Sense, Daily Life, and a Critical Evaluation of the Early Classic Experiments
You Better Change Your Expectations Because I Will Not Change (Much) to Fit Your Expectations: Self-Verification as a Limit to Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Distort Information-Seeking
The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Bias Perception, Memory, and Judgment
Accuracy: Controversies, Criticisms, Criteria, Components, and Cognitive Processes
Accuracy: Historical, Political, and Conceptual Objections
Accuracy: Criteria
Accuracy: Components and Processes
The Quest for the Powerful Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Teacher Expectations: Accuracy and the Quest for the Powerful Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Do Self-Fulfilling Prophecies Accumulate or Dissipate?
On the Pervasiveness and Logical Incoherence of Defining Stereotypes as Inaccurate
What Constitutes Evidence of Stereotype Accuracy?
Pervasive Stereotype Accuracy
Stereotypes and Person Perception: Can Judging Individuals on the Basis of Stereotypes Increase Accuracy?
Stereotypes Have Been Stereotyped!
Important, Interesting, and Controversial Work on Accuracy, Bias, and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies That Did Not Fit Elsewhere
The 90% Full Glass Contests the Bias for Bias
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