Confederate Emancipation Southern Plans to Free and Arm Slaves During the Civil War
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Description: In early 1864, as the Confederate Army of Tennessee licked its wounds after being routed at the Battle of Chattanooga, Major-General Patrick Cleburne (the "Stonewall of the West") proposed that "the most courageous of our slaves" be trained as soldiers and that "every slave in the South who shall remain true to the Confederacy in this war" be freed. In Confederate Emancipation, Bruce Levine looks closely at such Confederate plans to arm and free slaves. He shows that within a year of Cleburne's proposal, which was initially rejected out of hand, Jefferson Davis, Judah P. Benjamin, and Robert E. Lee had all reached the same conclusions. At that point, the idea was debated widely in newspapers and drawing rooms across the South, as more and more slaves fled to Union lines and fought in the ranks of the Union army. Eventually, the soldiers of Lee's army voted on the proposal, and the Confederate government actually enacted a version of it in March. The Army issued the necessary orders just two weeks before Appomattox, too late to affect the course of the war. Throughout the book, Levine captures the voices of blacks and whites, wealthy planters and poor farmers, soldiers and officers, and newspaper editors and politicians from all across the South. In the process, he sheds light on such hot-button topics as what the Confederacy was fighting for, whether black southerners were willing to fight in large numbers in defense of the South, and what this episode foretold about life and politics in the post-war South. Confederate Emancipation offers an engaging and illuminating account of a fascinating and politically charged idea, setting it firmly and vividly in the context of the Civil War and the part played in it by the issue of slavery and the actions of the slaves themselves.
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List price: $17.95
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/8/2007
Size: 9.21" wide x 6.10" long x 0.79" tall
|Introduction: The Puzzle of Confederate Emancipation|
|"A Desperate Expedient": The Heresy and Its Origins, 1861-1864|
|"What Did We Go to War For?": The Critics' Indictment|
|Black and Gray: Slaves and the Confederate War Effort|
|"We Can Devise the Means": The Long-Term Plan|
|"On the Footing of Soldiers": Enacting and Implementing New Policy, 1864-1865|
|"Like a Drowning Man Catching at Straws": Could It Have Worked?|
|Conclusion: From Black Troops to Black Codes: "Confederate Emancipation" in War and Peace|