Creating Women An Anthology of Readings on Women in Western Culture - Prehistory Through the Middle Ages

ISBN-10: 0137596227

ISBN-13: 9780137596225

Edition: 2005

Authors: Jean Gould Bryant, Linda Bennett Elder

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For courses in Women's Studies, Western Civilization, Humanities, and European History. Creating Women is a rich, interdisciplinary, two-volume anthology of primary source material examining women's participation in and contributions to western culture over the centuries. It documents prevalent concepts of the nature of women and women's roles and status in diverse cultures, geographic locations, and periods of western civilization. Narrative framework, biographical vignettes, and introductions to documents carefully place women and their achievements within the social context in which they lived and worked.
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Book details

List price: $106.60
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 11/29/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.342

Women in Pre-history and The Ancient Near East
Paleolithic,Neolithic, and Proto-Historic Cultures
Paleolithic Old Europe
Social Organization
The Holy
Symbol System
Myth and Ritual
Religious Functionaries
Neolithic Old Europe
The Holy
Religious Functionaries
Symbol Systems
Social Organization
Neolithic Anatolia
The Holy
Religious Functionaries
Social Organization
The Proto-Historic Period
Scenario One
Scenario Two
Suggested Readings
Ancient Near Eastern Mesopotamia: The Religious Context
The Holy/Myth
The Sacred Marriage of Inanna and Damuzi
Pudu-heppas' Prayer to Arinna the Sun Goddess
Religious Functionaries
En, Entu: High Priestess
The High Priestess Enheduanna's Hymn to Inanna
Contexts of Correspondence from Mari
The Ugbabatum Priestess
Zimri-Lim to Kibri-Dagan Re: Ugbabatum Priestess of Dagan
Zimri-Lim to Queen Sibtu Re: Ugbabatum Priestess of Dagan
The Naditu
Love Song to a King
Harris' Description of Naditus
Excerpt 2
Eristi-Aya, a Daughter of Zimri-Lim, Letter Excerpts
Two Letters from Lamassi
Female Scribes and Entrepreneurs
Amat Samas, Scribe
Hussutum, the Daughter of Sin-putram
Iltani the Princess, Excerpts
Inanna-amamu, Scribe, Daughter of Abba-tabum, Excerpts
Female Prophets
Suggested Readings
Ancient Near Eastern Mesopotamia: The Social Context
Social Organization
Cosmology Shapes Culture
The Enuma Elish: The Babylonian Genesis
Women in the Aristocracy
Women of the Royal Household
Queen Adad-Guppi, A Burial Inscription
Correspondences: Personal and Political
Queen Sibtu of Mari, Correspondence Excerpts
Politically Prominent Concubines of Zimri-Lim, Letter Excerpts
A Political Marriage
Legal Status of Women
Legal Codes
Law Codes from Lipit Ishtar 3000-2500 B.C.E.
Lipit-Ishtar Law Code 3000-2500 B.C.E.
Ur-Nammu Law Code 2000's B.C.E.
Eshnunna Law Code 2000's B.C.E.
Hittite Law Codes ca. 1800 B.C.E.
Law Code of Hammurabi 1700s B.C.E.
Women Outside the Nobility
Female Scribes
Female Merchants and Artisans
Female Serfs
Female Slaves
Suggested Readings
Ancient Egypt
Social Organization
The Holy/Myth: Female Principle of the Divine
Ma'at, Cosmic Female Principle ofWisdom and Judgment of the Dead
The Goddess Isis Discovers Re's Unknown Name of Power
The Holy/Ritual
Hymn to Hathor
Female Religious Functionaries
First Prophet of Amun
Stele of Nitocris at Medinet Habu
Women in the Aristocracy
Female Kings of Egypt
Obelisk Inscriptions of Queen Hatshepsut in the Temple of Karnak
Female Queens of Egypt
Queen Ankhesenamun of Egypt and King Suppiluliumas
Queen Tiye
A Proclamation by Amenhotep III
Women Outside the Nobility
Legal Status of Women
Women's Occupations
Wisdom Literature
The Instruction of Ani from the Reign of Queen Nefertari
Egyptian Secular Love Poetry
Poems from Papyrus Harris 500 11
Suggested Readings
Ancient Israel
Social Organization
Women of the Patriarchs
Sarah and Hagar,Mothers of Two Nations
Women in the Aristocracy
Queens, Princesses, Queen Mothers
Bathsheba,Wife of King David,Mother of King Solomon
Tamar, David's Daughter, Raped by Her Brother Amnon
Queen of Sheba and Solomon: Mutual Admiration
Jezebel, a Despised Foreign Queen of Israel; Devotee of Ba'al and Asherah
The Holy
The Female Principle of Divine Wisdom Was Present at Creation
Images of the Female at Creation: Genesis 1 and Genesis 2
Israelites Bake Breads for the Queen of Heaven
The Holy/Ritual
Queen Esther and the Feast of Purim
Female Religious Functionaries
The Prophet Miriam at the Sea of Reeds
Miriam: Administrator of Law at Kadesh
Deborah: Prophet, Judge, and Warrior in Israel
Huldah, Court Prophet to King Josiah
Women Outside the Nobility
An Unnamed Woman is Sexually Abused in the Name of Hospitality
The Beloved Lover in the Song of Songs
Suggested Readings
Women in The Mediterranean and The Greco-Roman World
Women at Crete and Greek Women beyond Athens
Brief Overview of Archaeological Excavations at Crete
Social Organization
Maritime Motif
Protection Motif
The Holy
Symbol Systems
Female Functionaries
Greek Women's Experience Beyond Athens
Regulations of Lycurgus Concerning Spartan Women
Xenephon on the Education of Spartan Women
Plutarch on the Pride and Assurance of Spartan Women
Aristotle on Women at Sparta
Selections from Sappho's Poems
Selections from Erinna's Poems
Two Epigrams for Baucis
Crotona (Italy)
Early Female Pythagoreans
Theano of Crotona, Excerpts
On the Immortality of the Soul
Advice to Women
Myia, Daughter of Theano and Pythagoras
Myia's Letter to Phyllis
Female Heroes
Suggested Readings
Social Organization
Wives, Daughters,Mothers of Citizens
Aristotle, Excerpts from Politics
Women Represented in Greek Tragedy and Comedy
Euripedes,Medea,Medea's Assessment of Husbands
Legal Status of Women
Isaeus, On Property Laws for Women and Children
Inheritance Laws for Athenian Women
Provisions for Female Children
The Holy
Homeric Hymn to Demeter
Callimachus, Thesmophoria Hymn 6
Female Functionaries
Thucydides, Chrysis, Priestess of Hera
The Religious Duties of Aristocratic Young Girls
Women Outside the Aristocracy
Aspasia of Miletus
Plutarch on Aspasia
Plato's Female Pupils
Women at Work
Suggested Readings
Etruria and The Roman Republic
Social Organization
Women in the Aristocracy
The Textual Evidence
Queen Tanaquil: Kingmaker
Archaeological Evidence
Queen Larthia and the Regolini-Galassi Tomb
Ramtha, Immortalized on the Banquet of Eternity" Sarcophagus
The Holy
Female Religious Functionaries
Vigoia, Etruscan Prophetess
Women Outside the Aristocracy
The Roman Republic
Social Organization
Patrician Women
Men Writing about Patrician Women
Livy's Account of Lucretia
Valerius Maximus Praises Three Virtuous Women
Legal Status of Women
The Laws of the Kings, Rome
Laws Attributed to Romulus
Laws attributed to Numa Pompilius
Excerpts from "The Twelve Tables"
Husbands' Punishment of Wives in Early Rome
The Roman Jurists
The Holy
Female Religious Functionaries
Aulus Gellius' Account of the Vestal Virgins
Plutarch on Numa Pompilius and the Vestal Virgins
Plebian Women
Should We Organize?
The Rape of the Sabine Women
Suggested Readings
The Hellenistic World
Social Organization
Women in the Aristocracy
Olympias, Queen of Macedonia
Olympias' Tears
The Aged Olympias Rides into Battle
Hellenistic Queens: Ptolemaic Egypt
Arsinoe II Philadelphus
Cleopatra VII
A Sympathetic Portrait of Cleopatra VII
Education for Women
Women Outside the Aristocracy
Female Philosophers
Hipparchia the Cynic
Female Pythagoreans
"On Human Nature"
Late Pythagoreans
Perictione I: On the Harmony ofWomen
Letter from Theano II to Rhodope
Perictione II: Sophias (Wisdom)
Female Physicians
Female Poets
Anyte: Epigrams
Nossis: Epigrams
To Hera
To Thaumarete
Musicians and Painters
Women Painters
Polygnota, the Harpist
Eirene, Agricultural Entrepreneur
Mystery Religions
The Holy/Myth
Isis and Osiris
Suggested Readings
Women in Hellenistic Judaism
Social Organization
Women In The Aristocracy
Salome Alexandra
Salome Alexandra Portrayed by Josephus
Influence Among Hellenistic Jews
Jewish Women and Education in the Hellenistic Period
"The Rule Annex," IQSA
Mishnaic Tractates
Legal Status of Women
Mishnaic Tractates Concerning Marriage and Women's Inheritance
The Holy
Sophia in the Wisdom of Solomon
Sophia in Sirach
The Holy/Myth
Judith's Victory Ode
The Holy Ritual
Jewish Maidens Re-enact Seila's Pilgrimage
Female Theraputae Celebrate in Hymns and Dances
Venerable Female Essenes are Honored and Esteemed
Female Religious Functionaries
Female Leaders Featured in Texts
The Sages Recognize Seila's Wisdom
Women Outside the Aristocracy
Jewish Women in Alexandrian Public Life
Philo on the Special Laws
Female Entrepreneurs
Female Entrepreneurs at Elephantine
Suggested Readings
The Roman Empire, Christian Origins, Late Antiquity, and The Middle Ages
The Roman Empire
Social Organization
Octavian Becomes Caesar Augustus
Social Organization at the Beginning of the Roman Empire
Women in the Aristocracy
Livia, Empress of Augustus
Octavian's Generosity to Livia
Tiberius's Resentment of Livia
Livia's Legacy Is Influenced by Tiberius
Julia, Daughter of Augustus
Julia's Wit
Caenis, Concubine of the Emperor Vespasian
Noble Roman Women Outside of Rome
Flavia Publica Nicomachus, Phocaea, Asia Minor, Second Century C.E.
Modia Quintia, Africa Proconsularis, Second-Third Centuries C.E.
Aurelia Leite, Female Benefactor, Paros, 300 C.E.
Pamphile, a Learned Woman, First Century, C.E.
Legal Status of Women
Laws in the Roman Empire, 30 B.C.E.-250 C.E.
Gaius on the Guardianship ofWomen
A Law Requiring Men to Marry
Rewards for Marrying and Producing Children
The Consequences of Adultery
Lolliane,Mother of Three, Requests Legal Autonomy
The Holy
The Transformation of Lucius
Rituals of Initiation
Ovid on the Worship of the Goddess Vesta
Female Functionaries
Women Outside the Nobility
Musonius Rufus On the Education ofWomen
Women's Occupations
Plebian Women and Freedwomen
Apollonia, a Philosopher from Mysia
A Female Commentator on Religious Ritual, Delphi
Phile, Female Magistrate and Civic Benefactor, Priene
Amemone, a Bar-maid
An Actress from the Theatre at Aquileia
To Bassilla, an Actress
Women Who Practiced Medicine
Primilla, a Physician at Rome
Women in the Service or the Imperial Household
Christian Origins
The Women Around Jesus
Prophetic Gesture: A Woman Who Anointed Jesus' Head
Woman Who Anointed Jesus' Head
Mary of Magdala
Mary Magdalene Among Women Who Provided for Jesus
The Magdalene at the Resurrection in Luke's Gospel
Mary Magdalene in John's Passion Narrative
Gospel of Phillip Presents Mary Magdalene as Jesus' Companion
Gospel of Mary
Female Prophets
Anna the Prophet
Four Sisters Are Prophets
Women in the Apostolic Church
Priscilla and Aquila
Female Missionaries and Leaders at Rome
Phoebe: Deacon and Prostasis at Cenchreae
Prisca: Missionary, Leader of a Church, Teacher
Mary: A Worker in the Church at Rome
Junia, Apostle
Tryphena and Tryphosa,Workers in the Lord
The Mother of Rufus: a Mother to Paul
Julia: Sister of Nereus; Olympas: Saints in the Church at Rome
Women in the Post-Apostolic Church
Female Priests Among Thracians
Arabian Christian Women of Thracian Descent Who Bake Cakes to the Virgin Mary and Function as Priests
A Montanist Visionary Submits Her Revelation to Careful Scrutiny
The Montanists Prophets Maximilla and Priscilla
Women Bishops, Presbyters, and Prophets among the Followers of Quintilla and Priscilla
Images of the Female Principle of the Divine in Early Christian Gnostic Communities
"The Thunder, Perfect Mind"
Female Heroes in Second and Third Century Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles
The Acts of Thecla
Perpetua's Account of Her Persecution
Suggested Readings
Late Antiquity
Roman Women
Ummidia Quadratilla
Ummidia and Her Grandson
Asclepiginia of Athens
Asclepigenia's Influence
Jewish Women
Queen Helena of Adiabene
Queen Helena
Babata, a Wealthy Female Entrepreneur
Excerpts from the Babata Archives
Female Leaders in Synagogues
Heads of Synagogues: Sophia and Theopempte
Priests: Maria and Guadentia
Donors to Synagogues: Alexandra, Eupithis, and Halipho
Rabbinic Judaism
Byzantine Women
Helen,Mother of Constantine
Hypatia of Alexandria
The Murder of Hypatia
Empress Theodora
Christian Women in Late Antiquity: East and West
Origins of Female Monasticism in the East
Saint Macrina, Founder, Abbess, Teacher
Desert Mothers
Amma Sarah Instructs Holy Men
Amma Syncletica Teaches Perseverance and Humility
Female Deacons and the Order of Widows
"Regulations for Deaconesses"
"Regulations for Christian Widows"
Origins of Monasticism in the West
Jerome Praises Marcella and Her "Circle" of Holy Women
Egeria's Account of Her Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
The Celts
Women Warriors
"Rhiannon, the Horse Goddess"
"Maedb,Woman Warrior"
Celtic Christian Saints
"St. Non"
Suggested Readings
Medieval Culture: The Religious Context
Monastic life and Female Creativity
Radegund of Poitiers (520-587)
The Fall of Thuringia
Hrotswitha of Gandersheim (ca. 935-1001)
Dulcitius or The Martyrdom of the Holy Virgins Agape, Chione, and Irene
Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)
Hildegard to Pope Anastasius, 1153-54
Excerpts from Causae et curae
Songs from Symphony of the Harmony of Celestial Revelations
"Vision Nine: 15 Wisdom and her appearance" from Scivias
Manuscript Illuminations
Varieties of Female Piety
Mechthild of Magdeburg (ca. 1210-ca. 1282):Mystic and Beguine
The Flowing Light of the Godhead
Marguerite Porete (12??-1310):Mystic and Beguine
Mirror of Simple Souls
Julian of Norwich (b. 1343?):Mystic and Anchorite
The Revelations of Divine Love
Medieval Images of Women: The Eva/Ave Dualism
Malleus Maleficarum or The Hammer ofWitches, 1486: Eva Imagery
"Why Superstition is chiefly found in Women" from Malleus Maleficarum
Ave Imagery:Mariology or the Cult of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Suggested Readings
Medieval Culture: The Secular Context
The Women Troubadours (Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries)
Castelloza (born ca. 1200)
"Chanson II"
La Comtessa de Dia (b. ca. 1140)
"Estat ai en greu cossirier"
Bieris De Romans
"Chanson to Maria"
Women Artists, Artisans, and Patrons
The Art of Embroidery
Skilled Textile Workers and Guilds
Ordinances Regulating the Paris Silk Workers' Guild, 1254-71
London Silk Women's Petition to Parliament, 1455
Manuscript Illuminations
Women Book Owners as Patrons
Two Major Writers of the Middle Ages
Marie de France (Twelfth Century): Poet and Social Critic
Selections from Marie's Fables
Christine de Pizan (1365-ca. 1430-34): Voice for Women and France
Pizan's Defense ofWomen: The Book of the City of Ladies 1405
Treasure of the City of Ladies
Pizan's Lament on the Evils of the Civil War, 1410
Suggested Readings
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