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Behavior Principles in Everyday Life

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ISBN-10: 0130873764

ISBN-13: 9780130873767

Edition: 4th 2001 (Revised)

Authors: John D. Baldwin, Janice I. Baldwin

List price: $222.40
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Description:

For undergraduate psychology courses in Learning, Learning Theory, Behavior Modification, Behavioral Psychology, and Social Learning Theory. This text provides a comprehensive introduction to, and overview of, the major psychological principles of behavior: operant conditioning, Pavlovian conditioning, social learning theory, and cognitive behaviorism. It closely links these basic abstract principles to relevant, concrete examples from everyday lifeshowing students how each behavior principle operates in easily understood settings, and how to apply them in complex natural situations.
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Book details

List price: $222.40
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 9/7/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 832
Size: 6.90" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Preface
Science and Human Behavior
The Behavior of Everyday Life
Behavioral Definitions
Behavior Modification
Illness or Wellness?
Where Next?
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Pavlovian Conditioning
Forming Associations
Two Types of Reflexes
Common Conditioned Responses
The Dynamics of Conditioning
Extinction
Higher Order Conditioning
Counterconditioning
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Operant Conditioning
Operating
Reinforcement
Extinction
Punishment
Discontinuation of Punishment
Timing and Contingency of Consequences
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Pavlovian and Operant Conditioning Together
Pavlovian and Operant Intertwined
The Differences
Pavlovian and Operant Interactions
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
The Stimulus Collage
Life's a 3-D Stimulus Collage
Multiple Antecedent Stimuli
Operant Generalization
Operant Discrimination
Pavlovian Generalization
Pavlovian Discrimination
The Role of Words in the Stimulus Collage
Behavior Modification
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Behavior Modification
Sonya Gets Physical
Behavior Modification
Behavioral Definitions
Functional Analysis
Various Objective Measures
Data Collection
Experimental Designs
Evaluation
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Primary Reinforcers and Punishers
No Pain, No Gain
Biologically Important Stimuli
Unconditioned Stimuli
Modifying Primary Consequences
The Premack Principle
Sensory Stimulation
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Secondary Reinforcers and Punishers
Ralph Lauren and Hara-Kiri
The Conditioning Process
Predictive Stimuli
Social Reinforcers and Punishers
Tokens as Reinforcers and Punishers
Generalized Reinforcers and Punishers
Chains of Operants
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Differential Reinforcement and Shaping
A Ball of Clay
Differential Reinforcement
Response Generalization
Shaping
Behavior Modification
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Modeling and Observational Learning
Do as the Romans
Models
Pavlovian Conditioning
Operant Behavior
Behavior Modification
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Prompts and Fading
Life Is a Stage
Prompts and Fading
Behavior Modification
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Rules
The Power of Words
Symbolic Information
Rule Use Is Learned
The S[superscript D]s for Following Rules
Explicit Versus Implicit Rules
On Rule Giving
Tacit and Explicit Knowledge
Behavior Modification
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Schedules
Luck Can Change Your Life
The Ever-Present Effects of Schedules
Ratio Schedules
Interval Schedules
Schedule Effects
Differential Reinforcement Schedules
Compound Schedules
Noncontingent Schedules
Loosely Defined Contingencies of Reinforcement
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Positive and Negative Control
Dragons and Dungeons
Humanistic Applications
Desirable Behavior
Undesirable Behavior
Alternatives to Punishment
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
Thinking, the Self, and Self-Control
Self-Confidence
Thinking Is Behavior
Operant Conditioning of Thoughts
Pavlovian Conditioning of Thoughts
S[superscript D]s and Thoughts
The Stream of Consciousness
Attaching Meaning
The Self
Self-Control
Conclusion
Questions
Notes
References
Name Index
Subject Index