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Industrial Ecology

ISBN-10: 0130467138

ISBN-13: 9780130467133

Edition: 2nd 2003

Authors: Thomas E. Graedel, Braden R. Allenby

List price: $177.00
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Book details

List price: $177.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 9/17/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 363
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.584

Thomas E. Graedel is Clifton R. Musser Professor of Industrial Ecology, Professor of Chemical Engineering, Professor of Geology and Geophysics, and Director of the Center for Industrial Ecology at Yale University. He is the author of Streamlined Life-Cycle Assessment and lead author or coauthor of a number of other books.

Braden R. Allenby is Founding Director of the Center for Earth Systems Engineering andManagement, Lincoln Professor of Engineering and Ethics, and Professor of Civil and EnvironmentalEngineering at Arizona State University. He is the author of Reconstructing Earth:Technology and Environment in the Age of Humans.

Preface
Introducing the Field
Humanity and Environment
The Tragedy of the Commons
The Master Equation
The Grand Objectives
Addressing the Challenge
Further Reading
Exercises
The Industrial Ecology Concept
From Contemporaneous Thinking to Forward Thinking
Linking Industrial Activity and Environmental and Social Sciences
Key Questions of Industrial Ecology
An Overview
Further Reading
Exercises
Technological Change and Evolving Risk
Historical Patterns in Technological Evolution
Approaches to Risk
Risk Assessment
Risk Communication
Risk Management
Further Reading
Exercises
The Physical, Biological, and Societal Framework
The Relevance of Biological Ecology to Technology
Considering the Analogy
Biological and Industrial Organisms
Food Chains: Networks of Nutrient and Energy Transfer
Population Ecology
Classification of Specific Linkages
The Utility of the Ecological Approach
Further Reading
Exercises
The Status of Resources
Introduction
Depletion Times and Underabundant Resources
Hitchhiker Resources
Energy Resources
Energetically Limited Mineral Resources
Geographically Influenced Resource Availability
Environmentally Limited Resources
Cumulative Supply Curves
Water Resources
Summary
Further Reading
Exercises
Society and Culture
Society, Culture, and Industrial Ecology
Cultural Constructs and Temporal Scales
The Private Firm in a Social Context
Environmentalism, Technology, and Society
Further Reading
Exercises
Governments, Laws, and Economics
National Governmental Structures and Actions
International Governance Considerations
Industrial Ecology and the Legal System
Economics and Industrial Ecology
Finance, Capital, and Investment
Further Reading
Exercises
Design for Environment
Industrial Product Design and Development
The Product Design Challenge
Conceptual Tools for Product Designers
Design for X
Product Design Teams
The Product Realization Process
Further Reading
Exercises
Industrial Process Design and Operation
The Process Design Challenge
Pollution Prevention
The Challenge of Water Availability
The Process Life Cycle
The Approach to Process Analysis
Guidelines for Process Design and Operation
Implications for Corporations
Further Reading
Exercises
Choosing Materials
Materials Selection Considerations
Materials and Environmental Hazards
Materials Sources and Principal Uses
Materials Substitution
Multiparameter Materials Selection
Dematerialization
Material Selection Guidelines
Further Reading
Exercises
Designing for Energy Efficiency
Energy and Industry
Primary Processing Industries
Intermediate Processing Industries
Analyzing Energy Use
General Approaches to Minimizing Energy Use
Summary
Further Reading
Exercises
Product Delivery
Introduction
General Packaging Considerations
Solid Residue Considerations
Liquid and Gaseous Emission Considerations
Transportation and Installation
Discussion and Summary
Further Reading
Exercises
Environmental Interactions During Product Use
Introduction
Solid Residue Generation During Product Use
Liquid Residue Generation During Product Use
Gaseous Residue Generation During Product Use
Energy Consumption During Product Use
Intentionally Dissipative Products
Unintentionally Dissipative Products
Design for Maintainability
Further Reading
Exercises
Design for End of Life
Introduction
General End-of-Life Considerations
Remanufacturing
Recycling
Fastening Parts Together
Planning for Recyclability
Further Reading
Exercises
An Introduction to Life-Cycle Assessment
The Life Cycle of Industrial Products
The LCA Framework
Goal Setting and Scope Determination
Defining Boundaries
Approaches to Data Acquisition
Further Reading
Exercises
The LCA Impact and Interpretation Stages
LCA Impact Analysis
Industrial Prioritization: The IVL/Volvo EPS System
Interpretation Analysis
Prioritization Diagrams
Discussion
Further Reading
Exercises
Streamlining the LCA Process
The Assessment Continuum
Preserving Perspective
The SLCA Matrix
Target Plots
Assessing Generic Automobiles of Yesterday and Today
SLCA Assets and Liabilities
Discussion
Further Reading
Exercises
Using the Corporate Industrial Ecology Toolbox
Stages and Scales in Industrial Environmental Management
The First Stage: Regulatory Compliance
The Second Stage: Pollution Prevention
The Third Stage: Design for Environment
Environmental Opportunities at the PRP Gates
The Industrial Ecology Mechanic and the Toolbox
Industrial Ecology Tools for the Service Sector
Further Reading
Exercises
Corporate Industrial Ecology
Managing Industrial Ecology in the Corporation
Overview
Environment as Strategic for the Firm
Implementing Industrial Ecology in the Corporation
Further Reading
Exercises
Indicators and Metrics
The Importance of Indicators and Metrics
Metric Systems Development
Industry-Level Metrics
Metrics Displays and Metrics Aggregation
Hierarchical Metrics Systems
Further Reading
Exercises
Services Technology and Environment
Defining Services
The Environmental Dimensions of Services
The Industrial Ecology of Service Firms
Further Reading
Exercises
Systems-Level Industrial Ecology
Industrial Ecosystems
The Ecosystems Concept
Industrial Symbiosis
Designing and Developing Symbiotic Industrial Ecosystems
Resource Flow in Industrial Ecosystems
Pattern and Scale in Industrial Ecosystems
The Utility of Mixed Ecological Approaches
Further Reading
Exercises
Metabolic and Resource Analyses
Budgets and Cycles
Metabolic Analyses in Industrial Ecology
Resource Analyses in Industrial Ecology
The Balance Between Natural and Anthropogenic Mobilization of Resources
The Utility of Metabolic and Resource Analyses
Further Reading
Exercises
Systems Analysis, Models, and Scenario Development
Thinking at the Systems Level
Models of Technological Systems
Describing Possible Futures
Developing a Predictive Industrial Ecology
Further Reading
Exercises
Earth Systems Engineering and Management
Introducing the Concept
Examples of ESEM, Implemented and Proposed
The Principles of ESEM
Facing the ESEM Question
Further Reading
Exercises
The Future of Industrial Ecology
Industrial Ecology in the Midst of Change
The Industrial Ecology Hardware Store
Industrial Ecology as an Evolving Science
An Industrial Ecology Research Roadmap
Redefining the Challenge
Further Reading
Electronic Solder Alternatives: A Detailed Case Study
Units of Measurement in Industrial Ecology
Glossary
Index