Joseph E. Germanois an associate professor of foreign languages at the State University College in Buffalo, New York. A native of Italy, he received his Ph.D. in Italian from Rutgers University, New Brunswick, where he also coordinated the Rutgers Italian Workshop Series. Conrad J. Schmittis a former Editor in Chief of Foreign Languages, ESL, and bilingual publishing with McGraw-Hill. Prior to joining McGraw-Hill, Schmitt taught languages at all levels of instruction. Luigi Bonaffiniis a professor of Italian language and literature at Brooklyn College/CUNY. He is also the author of a translation program for advanced Italian students.