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Manual of Low-Slope Roof Systems

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ISBN-10: 007145828X

ISBN-13: 9780071458283

Edition: 4th 2006 (Revised)

Authors: R. L. Fricklas, C. W. Griffin

List price: $95.00
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Book details

List price: $95.00
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date: 1/26/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 598
Size: 8.00" wide x 9.75" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 3.058
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Why Roofs Fail
Lessons from History
Need for Research and Standards
The Roof as a System
Design Factors
Basic Roof Components
Disastrous Combinations
Constructing the Roof
Divided Responsibility
Unified Responsibility
Performance Criteria
References
Draining the Roof
Why Drain the Roof?
Life-Cycle Costing Example
How to Drain the Roof
Drainage Design
Draining an Existing Roof
Alerts
Design
Maintenance
References
Structural Deck
Deck Materials
Design Factors
Slope
Deflection
Dimensional Stability
Moisture Absorption
Anchorage of Components
Deck Surface and Joints
Steel Decks
Recommendations for Steel Decks
Alerts
Design
Field
References
Thermal Design
Thermal Insulating Materials
Rigid Board Insulation
Poured-in-Place Insulating Concrete Fill
Design Factors
Strength Requirements
Moisture Absorption
Venting
Dimensional Stability
Tapered Insulation
Anchoring Insulation to the Deck
Solid Bearing for Insulation Boards
Refrigerated Interiors
Effects of Increased Insulation Thickness
Joint Taping
Double-Layered Insulation
Principles of Thermal Insulation
Moisture Reduction of Insulating Value
Heat-Flow Calculation
Heat Gain or Loss
Cool Roofs
Principles of Radiant Heat Transfer
Complicating Factors
California Cool
Seasonal Factors
ANSI/IESNA
ASHRAE Standard 90.1
Alerts
Design
Field
References
Vapor Control
Fundamentals of Vapor Flow
Techniques for Controlling Moisture
General Ventilation
Vapor Retarder
Self-Drying Roof System
The Futility of Topside Venting
Theory of Vapor Migration
Diffusion
Air Leakage
Air Barriers
Sample Vapor-Retarder Calculation
Alerts
Design
Field
References
Wind Uplift
Historical Background
Mechanics of Wind-Uplift Pressure
Basic Wind-Speed Determinants
Building Shape, Size, and Enclosure
Determining Final Wind-Uplift Pressure
Procedure for Calculating Design Wind Pressure
Design Example: Anchored System
SEI/ASCE 7-02 versus FM Global
Perimeter Flashing Failures
Wind-Uplift Mechanics on Ballasted Roofs
Gravel Blowoff and Scour
Wind-Uplift Design for Ballasted, Single-Ply Roof Assemblies
Basic Ballasted Wind-Design Systems
PMR Wind Design
Retroactive Redesign
Design Example for Ballasted, Loose-Laid System
Wind-Uplift Testing
Laboratory Tests
Field Wind-Uplift Tests
Repair Procedures after Wind-Uplift Failure
Mechanical Fasteners
Alerts
General
Design
Field
References
Fire Resistance
Nature of Fire Hazards
External Fire Resistance
Internal Fire Hazards
Below-Deck Fire Tests and Standards
Flame-Spread Test
FM Fire Classification
Time-Temperature Ratings
Fire Rating versus Insulating Efficiency
Building Code Provisions
Alert
Historical Background of Contemporary Roof Systems
Built-up Bituminous Membranes
The First-Generation Single-Ply Pioneers
The Cold-Process Dead End
The Second-Generation Success
New Roof Systems
Modified Bitumens
Elements of Built-up Membranes
Membrane Materials
Roofing Bitumens
Incompatibility of Asphalt and Coal Tar Pitch
Coal Tar Pitch versus Asphalt
Felts
Surfacing
Smooth-Surfaced Membrane
Mineral-Surfaced Roll Roofing
Heat-Reflective Surfacings
Built-up Membrane Specifications
Shingling of Felts
Coated Base Sheet
Phased Application
Temporary Roofs
Joints in Built-up Membranes
Membrane Performance Standards
BUR Failure Modes
Blisters
Splitting
Ridging
Membrane Slippage
Alerts
General
Design
Field
References
Modified-Bitumen Membranes
Historical Background
Modified-Bitumen Materials
Rubberizing Polymers
Reinforcement
Surfacing
Modified-Bitumen Specifications
Modified-Bitumen Flashings
Performance Criteria for Modified Bitumens
Modified-Bitumen Failure Modes
Defective Lap Seams
Checking
Shrinkage
Blistering
Delamination
Slippage
Splitting
Alerts
General
Design
Field
References
Elastomeric Membranes
Basic Material
Field Seaming
Flashings
Mechanically Fastened Systems
Elastomeric Failure Modes
Alerts
General
Design
Field
References
Weldable Thermoplastics
Materials
Historical Background
Flashings
Failure Modes
Alerts
References
Flashings
Flashing Functions and Requirements
Materials
Base Flashing Materials
Counterflashing Materials
Principles of Flashing Design
Eliminating Penetrations
Reducing Openings
Flashing Elevation
Differential Movement
Flashing Contours and Cants
Flashing Connections
Specific Flashing Conditions
Edge Details
Vertical Flashings
Roof Penetrations
Expansion-Contraction Joints
Water Conductors
Flashing Failures
Sagging
Ponding Leakage
Diagonal Wrinkling
Postconstruction Damage
Alerts
General
Design
Field
Standard Details
Protected Membrane Roofs and Waterproofed Decks
Why the Protected Membrane Roof?
How PMR Changes Component Requirements
PMR Design and Construction
Drain Location
PMR Flashings
PMR Insulation Performance Requirements
Thermal Quality of PMR Insulation
Refinements in Locating PMR Insulation
Surfacing Protected Membrane Roofs
Life-Cycle Costing
Waterproofed Deck Systems
Structural Decks
Membranes
Protection Boards
Drainage Design
Aggregate Percolation versus Open Subsurface Drainage
Insulation
Flashing
Wearing Surface Design
Plaza "Furniture"
Detailing
Flood Testing
Alerts (for PMRs)
Alerts (for Waterproofed Decks)
Design
Field
References
Sprayed Polyurethane
Historical Background
Materials
Polyurethane Foam
Membrane Coating
Surfacing Aggregate
Detailing SPF Systems
Application Requirements
Foam Application
Coating Application
Quality Assurance
Maintenance
Alerts
General
Design
Application
Maintenance
References
Metal Roof Systems
Historical Background
Metal Roof Concepts and Terminology
Design Factors
Thermal Movement
Drainage
Condensation
Penetrations
Wind-Uplift Resistance
Corrosion Protection
Metal Roofing Accessories
Thermal Insulation
Underlayments
Vapor Retarders
Detailing Metal Roofing
Metal-Roof-System Defects
Aesthetic Problems
Functional Problems
Metal Roof Evaluation
References
Field Inspections
Quality Assurance
QA Inspections
Application Checklists
Visual Roof Surveys
Nondestructive Moisture Detection
Benefits of Nondestructive Moisture Detection
Limitations
Principles of Nondestructive Moisture Detection
Other Moisture-Detection Techniques
References
Reroofing and Repair
Re-covering or Tearoff-Replacement?
Investigation and Analysis
Preliminary Investigation
Leak-Detection Technique
Visual Inspection and Analysis
Field-Test Cuts
Large-Scale Moisture Surveys
Assessment for Remedial Action
New Performance Criteria
Reroofing Specifications
Isolating the New Membrane
Flashings
Surface Preparation of Existing Membrane
Retrofit Metal Roofing
Alerts
For Replacement Bituminous Roof Membranes
For Loose-Laid Synthetic Single-Ply Membranes
For Sprayed Polyurethane Foam (Plus Fluid-Applied Coating)
Roof-System Specifications
Specifications and Drawings
Drawing Requirements
Specification Requirements
Writing Style
Specifying Methods
Master Specification
Division of Responsibility
Temporary Roofing
Special Requirements
Specifying New Roofing Products
Quality Assurance
Coordination
Test Cuts
Alerts
General
New Products
General Field
Technical
References
Roofing Guarantees and Warranties
Manufacturer's Bond
Manufacturer's Warranty
Analyzing the Warranty
Warranty Checklist
Roofer's Guarantee
Roof-Maintenance Program
Glossary of Roofing-Related Terms
ASTM International Conversion Factors and Roofing Standards
Index and Abstracts of ASTM Test Methods for Roofing Materials
Index