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Biomedical Instrumentation: Technology and Applications

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ISBN-10: 0071447849

ISBN-13: 9780071447843

Edition: 2nd 2005

Authors: R. S. Khandpur

List price: $146.00
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This is a single-source text for students and engineers who design, maintain and operate biomedical devices, rigorously covering the latest developments in instrumentation ranging from physiology to diagnostic and therapeutic devices in medical imaging systems.
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Book details

List price: $146.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
Publication date: 11/26/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 924
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 2.50" tall
Weight: 3.784
Language: English

Measuring, Recording and Monitoring Instruments
Fundamentals of Medical Instrumentation
Anatomy and Physiology
Physiological Systems of the Body
Sources of Biomedical Signals
Basic Medical Instrumentation System
Performance Requirements of Medical Instrumentation Systems
Intelligent Medical Instrumentation Systems
General Constraints in Design of Medical Instrumentation Systems
Regulation of Medical Devices
Bioelectric Signals and Electrodes
Origin of Bioelectric Signals
Recording Electrodes
Silver-silver Chloride Electrodes
Electrodes for ECG
Electrodes for EEG
Electrodes for EMG
Electrical Conductivity of Electrode Jellies and Creams
Physiological Transducers
Classification of Transducers
Performance Characteristics of Transducers
Displacement, Position and Motion Transducers
Pressure Transducers
Transducers for Body Temperature Measurement
Photoelectric Transducers
Optical Fibre Sensors
Smart Sensors
Recording Systems
Basic Recording System
General Considerations for Signal Conditioners
Sources of Noise in Low Level Measurements
Biomedical Signal Analysis Techniques
Signal Processing Techniques
The Main Amplifier and Driver Stage
Writing Systems
Direct Writing Recorders
The Ink Jet Recorder
Potentiometric Recorder
Digital Recorders
Instrumentation Tape Recorders
Biomedical Recorders
Vectorcardiograph (VCG)
Phonocardiograph (PCG)
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Electromyograph (EMG)
Other Biomedical Recorders
Biofeedback Instrumentation
Patient Monitoring Systems
System Concepts
Cardiac Monitor
Bedside Patient Monitoring Systems
Central Monitors
Measurement of Heart Rate
Measurement of Pulse Rate
Blood Pressure Measurement
Measurement of Temperature
Measurement of Respiration Rate
Catheterization Laboratory Instrumentation
Arrhythmia and Ambulatory Monitoring Instruments
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Arrhythmia Monitor
QRS Detection Techniques
Exercise Stress Testing
Ambulatory Monitoring Instruments
Foetal Monitoring Instruments
Methods of Monitoring Foetal Heart Rate
Monitoring Labour Activity
Recording System
Biomedical Telemetry and Telemedicine
Wireless Telemetry
Single Channel Telemetry Systems
Multi-channel Wireless Telemetry Systems
Multi-patient Telemetry
Implantable Telemetry Systems
Transmission of Analog Physiological Signals Over Telephone
Ear Oximeter
Pulse Oximeter
Skin Reflectance Oximeters
Intravascular Oximeter
Blood Flowmeters
Electromagnetic Blood Flowmeter
Types of Electromagnetic Flowmeters
Ultrasonic Blood Flowmeters
NMR Blood Flowmeter
Laser Doppler Blood Flowmeter
Cardiac Output Measurement
Indicator Dilution Method
Dye Dilution Method
Thermal Dilution Techniques
Measurement of Continuous Cardiac Output Derived from the Aortic Pressure Waveform
Impedance Technique
Ultrasound Method
Pulmonary Function Analysers
Pulmonary Function Measurements
Measurement of Volume
Pulmonary Function Analyzers
Respiratory Gas Analyzers
Clinical Laboratory Instruments
Medical Diagnosis with Chemical Tests
Spectrophotometer Type Instruments
Automated Biochemical Analysis Systems
Clinical Flame Photometers
Selective-ion Electrodes Based Electrolytes Analyzer
Blood Gas Analyzers
Acid-base Balance
Blood pH Measurement
Measurement of Blood PCO[subscript 2]
Blood pO[subscript 2] Measurement
Intra-arterial Blood Gas Monitoring
A Complete Blood Gas Analyzer
Blood Cell Counters
Types of Blood Cells
Methods of Cell Counting
Coulter Counters
Automatic Recognition and Differential Counting of Cells
Audiometers and Hearing Aids
Mechanism of Hearing
Measurement of Sound
Basic Audiometer
Pure Tone Audiometer
Speech Audiometer
Audiometer System Bekesy
Evoked Response Audiometry System
Calibration of Audiometers
Hearing Aids
Patient Safety
Electric Shock Hazards
Leakage Currents
Safety Codes for Electromedical Equipment
Electrical Safety Analyzer
Testing of Biomedical Equipment
Modern Imaging Systems
X-ray Machines and Digital Radiography
Basis of Diagnostic Radiology
Nature of X-rays
Production of X-rays
X-ray Machine
Visualization of X-rays
Dental X-ray Machines
Portable and Mobile X-ray Units
Physical Parameters for X-ray Detectors
Digital Radiography
X-ray Computed Tomography
Computed Tomography
System Components
Gantry Geometry
Patient Dose in CT Scanners
Nuclear Medical Imaging Systems
Radio-isotopes in Medical Diagnosis
Physics of Radioactivity
Radiation Detectors
Pulse Height Analyser
Uptake Monitoring Equipment
Radio-isotope Rectilinear Scanner
The Gamma Camera
Multi-crystal Gamma Cameras
Emission Computed Tomography (ECT)
Single-photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT)
Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scanner)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging System
Principles of NMR Imaging Systems
Image Reconstruction Techniques
Basic NMR Components
Biological Effects of NMR Imaging
Advantages of NMR Imaging System
Ultrasonic Imaging Systems
Diagnostic Ultrasound
Physics of Ultrasonic Waves
Medical Ultrasound
Basic Pulse-echo Apparatus
Echocardiograph (M-mode)
Real-time Ultrasonic Imaging Systems
Multi-element Linear Array Scanners
Digital Scan Converter
Biological Effects of Ultrasound
Thermal Imaging Systems
Medical Thermography
Physics of Thermography
Infrared Detectors
Thermographic Equipment
Quantitative Medical Thermography
Pyroelectric Vidicon Camera
Thermal Camera Based on IR Sensor with Digital Focal Plane Array
Therapeutic Equipment
Cardiac Pacemakers
Need for Cardiac Pacemaker
External Pacemakers
Implantable Pacemakers
Recent Developments in Implantable Pacemakers
Pacing System Analyser
Cardiac Defibrillators
Need for a Defibrillator
DC Defibrillator
Implantable Defibrillators
Defibrillator Analysers
Instruments for Surgery
Principle of Surgical Diathermy
Surgical Diathermy Machine
Safety Aspects in Electro-surgical Units
Surgical Diathermy Analysers
Laser Applications in Biomedical Field
The Laser
Pulsed Ruby Laser
Nd-YAG Laser
Helium-Neon Laser
Argon Laser
CO[subscript 2] Laser
Excimer Lasers
Semiconductor Lasers
Laser Safety
Physiotherapy and Electrotherapy Equipment
High Frequency Heat Therapy
Short-wave Diathermy
Microwave Diathermy
Ultrasonic Therapy Unit
Electrodiagnostic/Therapeutic Apparatus
Pain Relief Through Electrical Stimulation
Diaphragm Pacing by Radio-frequency for the Treatment of Chronic Ventilatory Insufficiency
Bladder Stimulators
Cerebellar Stimulators
Haemodialysis Machines
Function of the Kidneys
Artificial Kidney
Membranes for Haemodialysis
Haemodialysis Machine
Portable Kidney Machines
The Stone Disease Problem
First Lithotriptor Machine
Modern Lithotriptor Systems
Extra-corporeal Shock-wave Therapy
Anaesthesia Machine
Need for Anaesthesia
Anaesthesia Machine
Electronics in the Anaesthetic Machine
Mechanics of Respiration
Artificial Ventilation
Types of Ventilators
Ventilator Terms
Classification of Ventilators
Pressure-volume-flow Diagrams
Modern Ventilators
High Frequency Ventilators
Humidifiers, Nebulizers and Aspirators
Radiotherapy Equipment
Use of High Voltage X-ray Machines
Development of Betatron
Cobalt-60 Machine
Medical Linear Accelerator Machine
Automated Drug Delivery Systems
Infusion Pumps
Components of Drugs Infusion Systems
Implantable Infusion Systems
Closed-loop Control in Infusion Systems
Examples of Typical Infusion Pumps