Tools of the Mind A Vygotskian Approach to Early Childhood Education

ISBN-10: 0023698748

ISBN-13: 9780023698743

Edition: 1996

Authors: Deborah J. Leong, Elena Bodrova

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The authorsÕ objective inTools of the Mind is to enable future teachers to apply the idea of teaching, orarming , young children with the mental tools necessary for learning. They view mental tools as a cycle in which ideas are (1) learned from others, (2) modified and changed, and (3) passed back on to others. The book includes examples and activities that profile the Vygotskian approach at work in various schools in the Denver metropolitan area.
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Book details

List price: $36.00
Copyright year: 1996
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 192
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.25" tall
Weight: 0.638
Language: English

Oralie McAfeeis professor emerita of early childhood education at Metropolitan State College of Denver. She is the author of books, research papers, articles, curriculum and teacher-training materials, and other publications related to working with young children and their families in the classroom and home, and has presented on these topics throughout the United States. She has done research on assessment practices and needs in Head Start and in selected state-funded prekindergarten programs. She is author (with Deborah J. Leong and Elena Bodrova) ofBasics of Assessment: A Primer for Early Childhood Educators(National Association for the Education of Young Children, 2004). Deborah J. Leongis a professor emeritanbsp; of psychology at Metropolitan State College of Denver and director of the Tools of the Mind Curriculum Project, a Vygotskian-based early childhood teacher-training program. She is also a research fellow at the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) working on a computerized Pre-K state standards database and a database of preschool assessment instruments with Elena Bodrova. She is co-author with Dr. McAfee and Dr. Bodrova ofBasics of Assessment(National Association for the Education of Young Children, 2004). Dr. Leong is also co-author with Dr. Bodrova ofTools of the Mind: The Vygotskian Approach to Early Childhood Education(Merrill/Prentice Hall, 2007) and four educational videos (Davidson Films). She has written many articles on assessment, play, early literacy, and the development of self-regulation in young children.

The Vygotskian Framework: The Cultural-Historical Theory of Development
Introduction to Vygotsky
Tools of the Mind? Why Are Mental Tools Important? History of the Vygotskian Approach
Vygotskian Framework: Principles of Psychology and Education
Acquiring Mental Tools and Higher Mental Functions
The Purpose of Tools
Language: The Universal Tool
The Concept of Higher Mental Functions
The Development of Mental Functions
Individual Differences in the Development of Mental Functions
The Vygotskian Framework and Other Theories of Child Development
Piaget's Constructivist Approach
Behaviorist Theorists
Information Processing Theory
Critique of the Vygotskian Approach
Strategies for Development and Learning
The Zone of Proximal Development: Strategy for Development and Learning
Defining the Zone of Proximal Development
Using the ZPD to Study Development
Implications for Learning/Teaching
Using the ZPD to Teach
Developmental Accomplishments and Leading Activity: Infants and Toddlers
Developmental Accomplishments
The Concept of Leading Activity
Developmental Accomplishments and Leading Activity: Preschool, Kindergarten, and Primary Grades
Preschool and Kindergarten
Primary Grades
Orgaizing Learning/Teaching in the Classroom
Tactics for Promoting Development and Learning/Teaching
Tactics: Using Mediators
The Function of Mediator? External Mediators as Scaffolding
Types of Mediators
Mediation of Social and Emotional Behavior
External Mediation of Cognition
Guidelines for Using External Mediators
Value of Mediators
Tactics: Using Language
Language as a Cultural Tool
The Functions of Speech
Developmental Path of Speech
The Development of Meaning
The Development of Written Speech
Using Language in the Classroom
Tactics: Using Shared Activities
Interaction During Shared Activity
How Shared Activity Promotes Learning
Shared Activity, Other-Regulation, and Self-Regulation
The Role of the Teacher in Shared Activity
The Role of Peers in Shared Activity
Applying the Vygotskian Approach in the Classroom
Play as a Leading Activity
Definitions of Play
How Play Influences Development
The Developmental Path of Play
Play as a Leading Activity
Enriching Play
Activities for the Early Childhood Classroom
Block Building
Making Patterns
Dramatic Play
Journal Writing
Large-Muscle Activities
Small-Muscle Activities
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