Particles and Nuclei An Introduction to the Physical Concepts

ISBN-10: 3540793674
ISBN-13: 9783540793670
Edition: 6th 2008
List price: $59.95
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Description: "This well-established textbook gives a uniform and unique presentation of both nuclear and particle physics. Analysis, Part 1, is devoted to disentangling the substructure of matter. This part shows that experiments designed to uncover the  More...

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Book details

List price: $59.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 8/5/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 400
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.342
Language: English

"This well-established textbook gives a uniform and unique presentation of both nuclear and particle physics. Analysis, Part 1, is devoted to disentangling the substructure of matter. This part shows that experiments designed to uncover the substructures of nuclei and nucleons have a similar conceptual basis, and lead to the present picture of all matter being built out of a small number of elementary building blocks and a small number of fundamental interactions. Synthesis, Part 2, shows how the elementary particles may be combined to build hadrons and nuclei. The fundamental interactions responsible for the forces in all systems become less and less evident in increasingly complex systems. A section on neutrino oscillations and one on nuclear matter at high temperatures bridge the field of "nuclear and particle physics" and "modern astrophysics and cosmology': The new edition incorporates a large amount of new experimental results on deep-elastic scattering (obtained at the Electron-Proton Collider HEAR at DESY in Hamburg) into chapters 7 and 8."--BOOK JACKET.

Hors d'oeuvre
Fundamental Constituents of Matter
Fundamental Interactions
Symmetries and Conservation Laws
Experiments
Units
Analysis: The Building Blocks of Matter
Global Properties of Nuclei
The Atom and its Constituents
Nuclides
Parametrisation of Binding Energies
Charge Independence of the Nuclear Force and Isospin
Problem
Nuclear Stability
[beta]-Decay
[alpha]-Decay
Nuclear Fission
Decay of Excited Nuclear States
Problems
Scattering
General Observations About Scattering Processes
Cross Sections
The "Golden Rule"
Feynman Diagrams
Problems
Geometric Shapes of Nuclei
Kinematics of Electron Scattering
The Rutherford Cross-Section
The Mott Cross-Section
Nuclear Form Factors
Inelastic Nuclear Excitations
Problems
Elastic Scattering off Nucleons
Form Factors of the Nucleons
Quasi-elastic Scattering
Charge Radii of Pions and Kaons
Problems
Deep Inelastic Scattering
Excited States of the Nucleons
Structure Functions
The Parton Model
Interpretation of Structure Functions in the Parton Model
Problems
Quarks, Gluons, and the Strong Interaction
The Quark Structure of Nucleons
Quarks in Hadrons
The Quark-Gluon Interaction
Scaling Violations of the Structure Functions
Problem
Particle Production in e[superscript +]e[superscript -] Collisions
Lepton Pair Production
Resonances
Non-resonant Hadron Production
Gluon Emission
Problems
Phenomenology of the Weak Interaction
Properties of Leptons
The Types of Weak Interactions
Coupling Strength of the Weak Interaction
The Quark Families
The Lepton families
Majorana Neutrino?
Parity Violation
Deep Inelastic Neutrino Scattering
Problems
Exchange Bosons of the Weak Interaction
Real W and Z Bosons
Electroweak Unification
Problem
The Standard Model
Synthesis: Composite Systems
Quarkonia
The Hydrogen Atom and Positronium Analogues
Charmonium
Quark-Antiquark Potential
The Chromomagnetic Interaction
Bottonium and Toponium
The Decay Channels of Heavy Quarkonia
Decay Widths as a Test of QCD
Problems
Mesons Made from Light Quarks
Mesonic Multiplets
Meson Masses
Decay Channels
Neutral Kaon Decay
Problems
The Baryons
The Production and Detection of Baryons
Baryon Multiplets
Baryon Masses
Magnetic Moments
Semileptonic Baryon Decays
How Good is the Constituent Quark Concept?
Problems
The Nuclear Force
Nucleon-Nucleon Scattering
The Deuteron
Nature of the Nuclear Force
Problems
The Structure of Nuclei
The Fermi Gas Model
Hypernuclei
The Shell Model
Deformed Nuclei
Spectroscopy Through Nuclear Reactions
[beta]-Decay of the Nucleus
Double [beta]-decay
Problems
Collective Nuclear Excitations
Electromagnetic Transitions
Dipole Oscillations
Shape Oscillations
Rotation States
Problems
Nuclear Thermodynamics
Thermodynamical Description of Nuclei
Compound Nuclei and Quantum Chaos
The Phases of Nuclear Matter
Particle Physics and Thermodynamics in the Early Universe
Stellar Evolution and Element Synthesis
Problems
Many-Body Systems in the Strong Interaction
Appendix
Accelerators
Detectors
Combining Angular Momenta
Physical Constants
Solutions to the Problems
References
Index

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