Origin of Igneous Rocks The Isotopic Evidence

ISBN-10: 3540677720
ISBN-13: 9783540677727
Edition: 2001
Authors: Gunter Faure
List price: $159.00 Buy it from $143.06
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Description: The origin of different kinds of igneous rocks can be understood in terms of the tectonic setting in which they form and in terms of the isotope compositions of strontium, neodymium, and lead they contain. This book explains the petrogenesis of  More...

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Book details

List price: $159.00
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 11/7/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 496
Size: 7.50" wide x 10.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.640
Language: English

The origin of different kinds of igneous rocks can be understood in terms of the tectonic setting in which they form and in terms of the isotope compositions of strontium, neodymium, and lead they contain. This book explains the petrogenesis of igneous rocks as a consequence of tectonic processes resulting from interactions between asthenopheric plumes and the overlying lithospheric mantle. The relevant principles of isotope geochemistry are explained in Chapter 1 making this book accessible to university students as well as to professionals. The relevant isotopic data are presented in diagrammatic form. In addition, the text avoids the use of acronyms.

Chemical Properties and Isotope Systematics: Chemical Properties of Rb and Sr
Isotope Systematics of Rb and Sr
The Rb-Sr Method of Dating
Fitting of Isochrons
The Sm-Nd Method of Dating
The Epsilon Notation
Mixture of 2 Components
The U-Pb Methods of Dating
Oxygen Isotope Composition
Fractional Crystallization of Magma
Assimilation and Fractional Crystallization
Meteorites and the Isotope Evolution of Terrestrial Sr
Summary and Preview
The Origin of Volcanic Rocks in the Oceans: Magma Formation in the Mantle
Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalt, Atlantic Ocean
Iceland
Canary Islands
Islands of the Atlantic Ocean
Mantle Components and Plumes
MORBs of the Pacific Ocean
Islands of the East Pacific Ocean
Seamounts of the East Pacific Ocean
The Island Chains of Polynesia
The Ontong Java and Manihiki Plateaus
The Hawaiian Islands and Emperor Seamounts
Samoan Islands, Western Pacific
MORBs of the Indian Ocean
Kerguelen and Heard Islands
Oceanic Islands of the Indian Ocean
Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea
Summary
The Importance of Plumes
Subduction Zones in the Oceans: Petrogenetic Models
The Mariana Island Arc in the Pacific Ocean
The Aleutian Islands
Kamchatka and the Kuril Islands
The Japanese Islands
Tonga-Kermadec-New Zealand
The Sunda Islands of Indonesia
Philippine Islands and the Luzon Arc
Other Oceanic Island Arcs in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans
The Lesser Antilles, Caribbean Sea
Mesozoic Basalt, Caribbean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
Summary
Petrogenesis in Subduction Zones
The Compressive Margin of the American Continents: Andes of South America
Rhyolites and Ignimbrites of Central America and Mexico
Rhyolites and Ignimbrites of California
Silicic Volcanic Rocks of the Southwestern USA
Mafic Volcanic Rocks, Southwestern USA
The Cascade Range of the Northwestern USA
Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks of the Oregon Plateau
Summary
The Tertiary Ignimbrites of the Americas
Continental Flood Basalt Provinces: Petrogenesis of Flood Basalts
Columbia River Basalt, USA
Snake River Plain and Yellowstone Caldera
North Atlantic Igneous Province
Deccan Plateau, India
Rajmahal Plateau, Northeastern India
The South Atlantic Igneous Province
The Brazil-West Africa Connection
The Northeastern Brazil-Liberia Connection
Magmatic Activity along the Atlantic Coast of North America
The South Africa-Antarctica Connection
Jurassic Tholeiites of the Transarctic Mountains
The Siberian Flood-Basalt Province
Cenozoic Basals of Eastern China
Flood Basalts of Ethiopia and Yemen
Continental Basalts of Arabia
Summary
Plumes Dominate the Mantle
Alkalic Igneous Rocks on the Continents: East African Rift System
The Potassic Rocks of the Western Rift of East Africa
Volcanic Activity of North-Central Africa
Intraplate Alkaline Plutons of Africa
Mediterranean Region
Alkali-Rich Volcanic Rocks of Central Europe
Scandinavia
Kola Peninsula, Russia
Western North America
Ultramafic Inclusions, Western North America
Australia
Antarctica
Summary
The Case for Mantle Metasomatism
Differentiated Gabbroic Intrusives: Midcontinent Rift System of North America
Muskox Intrusion and the Coppermine Basalt, NWT, Canada
Diabase Dikes and Sills of the Canadian Precambrian Shield
Stillwater Complex, Montana
Kiglapait Intrusion, Labrador
Caledonian Gabbros of Northeast Scotland
Rhum Intrusion, Inner Hebrides, Scotland
Bushveld Complex, South Africa
Great Dyke, Zimbabwe
Mafic Intrusives of Australia
Summary
Petrogenesis in the Precambrian
Archean Greenstone Belts and Granitic Gneisses of North America: Greenstone Belts of the Superior Craton
Mantle-Separation Dates
Isotopic Homogenization of Granitic Gneisses
The Wyoming Craton
Amitsoq Gneiss and Isua Supracrustals, West Greenland
Summary
The Origin of the Oldest Rocks
References
Author Index
Subject Locality Index
Geologic Timescale

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