Physics and Chemistry of Interfaces

ISBN-10: 3527412166

ISBN-13: 9783527412167

Edition: 3rd 2013

List price: $121.95
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Description: Third edition of this excellent textbook for advanced students in material science, chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, or for researchers needing background knowledge in surface and interface science. The general yet comprehensive introduction to this field focuses on the essential concepts rather than specific details, on intuitive understanding rather than learning facts. Manifold high–end applications from surface technology, biotechnology, or microelectronics are used to illustrate the basic concepts. The text reflects the many facets of this discipline by linking physical fundamentals, especially those taken from thermodynamics, with application–specific topics. Similarly, the theory behind important concepts is backed by clearly explained by scientific–engineering aspects as well as a wide range of high–end applications from microelectronics and biotechnology. In this third edition, new topics such as second harmonic generation spectroscopy, surface diffusion mechanisms and measurement of surface diffusion, optical spectroscopy of surfaces, atomic layer deposition, superlubricity, bioadhesion, and spin coating, have been added. The discussion of liquid surfaces, Marangoni effect, electric double layer, measurement of surface forces, wetting, adsorption, and experimental techniques have been updated. The number and variety of exercises has been increased, and the references are up to date. ′... highly recommended [...] as an introduction to a fascinating and multi–facetted field of research and technology.′ (Advanced Materials on a previous edition)

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Book details

List price: $121.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH
Publication date: 3/13/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 476
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.244

Preface
Introduction
Liquid Surfaces
Microscopic Picture of a Liquid Surface
Surface Tension
Equation of Young and Laplace
Curved Liquid Surfaces
Derivation of Young-Laplace Equation
Applying the Young-Laplace Equation
Techniques to Measure Surface Tension
Kelvin Equation
Capillary Condensation
Nucleation Theory
Summary
Exercises
Thermodynamics of Interfaces
Thermodynamic Functions for Bulk Systems
Surface Excess
Thermodynamic Relations for Systems with an Interface
Internal Energy and Helmholtz Energy
Equilibrium Conditions
Location of Interface
Gibbs Energy and Enthalpy
Interfacial Excess Energies
Pure Liquids
Gibbs Adsorption Isotherm
Derivation
System of Two Components
Experimental Aspects
Marangoni Effect
Summary
Exercises
Charged Interfaces and the Electric Double Layer
Introduction
Poisson-Boltzmann Theory of Diffuse Double Layer
Poisson-Boltzmann Equation
Planar Surfaces
The Full One-Dimensional Case
The Electric Double Layer around a Sphere
Grahame Equation
Capacitance of Diffuse Electric Double Layer
Beyond Poisson-Boltzmann Theory
Limitations of Poisson-Boltzmann Theory
Stern Layer
Gibbs Energy of Electric Double Layer
Electrocapillarity
Theory
Measurement of Electrocapillarity
Examples of Charged Surfaces
Measuring Surface Charge Densities
Potentiometric Colloid Titration
Capacitances
Electrokinetic Phenomena: the Zeta Potential
Navier-Stokes Equation
Electro-Osmosis and Streaming Potential
Electrophoresis and Sedimentation Potential
Types of Potential
Summary
Exercises
Surface Forces
Van der Waals Forces between Molecules
Van der Waals Force between Macroscopic Solids
Microscopic Approach
Macroscopic Calculation - Lifshitz Theory
Retarded Van der Waals Forces
Surface Energy and the Hamaker Constant
Concepts for the Description of Surface Forces
The Derjaguin Approximation
Disjoining Pressure
Measurement of Surface Forces
Electrostatic Double-Layer Force
Electrostatic Interaction between Two Identical Surfaces
DLVO Theory
Beyond DLVO Theory
Solvation Force and Confined Liquids
Non-DLVO Forces in Aqueous Medium
Steric and Depletion Interaction
Properties of Polymers
Force between Polymer-Coated Surfaces
Depletion Forces
Spherical Particles in Contact
Summary
Exercises
Contact Angle Phenomena and Wetting
Young's Equation
Contact Angle
Derivation
Line Tension
Complete Wetting and Wetting Transitions
Theoretical Aspects of Contact Angle Phenomena
Important Wetting Geometries
Capillary Rise
Particles at Interfaces
Network of Fibers
Measurement of Contact Angles
Experimental Methods
Hysteresis in Contact Angle Measurements
Surface Roughness and Heterogeneity
Superhydrophobic Surfaces
Dynamics of Wetting and Dewetting
Spontaneous Spreading
Dynamic Contact Angle
Coating and Dewetting
Applications
Flotation
Detergency
Microfluidics
Electrowetting
Thick Films: Spreading of One Liquid on Another
Summary
Exercises
Solid Surfaces
Introduction
Description of Crystalline Surfaces
Substrate Structure
Surface Relaxation and Reconstruction
Description of Adsorbate Structures
Preparation of Clean Surfaces
Thermal Treatment
Plasma or Sputter Cleaning
Cleavage
Deposition of Thin Films
Thermodynamics of Solid Surfaces
Surface Energy, Surface Tension, and Surface Stress
Determining Surface Energy
Surface Steps and Defects
Surface Diffusion
Theoretical Description of Surface Diffusion
Measurement of Surface Diffusion
Solid-Solid Interfaces
Microscopy of Solid Surfaces
Optical Microscopy
Electron Microscopy
Scanning Probe Microscopy
Diffraction Methods
Diffraction Patterns of Two-Dimensional Periodic Structures
Diffraction with Electrons, X-Rays, and Atoms
Spectroscopic Methods
Optical Spectroscopy of Surfaces
Spectroscopy Using Mainly Inner Electrons
Spectroscopy with Outer Electrons
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry
Summary
Exercises
Adsorption
Introduction
Definitions
Adsorption Time
Classification of Adsorption Isotherms
Presentation of Adsorption Isotherms
Thermodynamics of Adsorption
Heats of Adsorption
Differential Quantities of Adsorption and Experimental Results
Adsorption Models
Langmuir Adsorption Isotherm
Langmuir Constant and Gibbs Energy of Adsorption
Langmuir Adsorption with Lateral Interactions
BET Adsorption Isotherm
Adsorption on Heterogeneous Surfaces
Potential Theory of Polanyi
Experimental Aspects of Adsorption from Gas Phase
Measuring Adsorption to Planar Surfaces
Measuring Adsorption to Powders and Textured Materials
Adsorption to Porous Materials
Special Aspects of Chemisorption
Adsorption from Solution
Summary
Exercises
Surface Modification
Introduction
Physical and Chemical Vapor Deposition
Physical Vapor Deposition
Chemical Vapor Deposition
Soft Matter Deposition
Self-Assembled Monolayers
Physisorption of Polymers
Polymerization on Surfaces
Plasma Polymerization
Etching Techniques
Lithography
Summary
Exercises
Friction, Lubrication, and Wear
Friction
Introduction
Amontons' and Coulomb's Law
Static, Kinetic, and Stick-Slip Friction
Rolling Friction
Friction and Adhesion
Techniques to Measure Friction
Macroscopic Friction
Microscopic Friction
Lubrication
Hydrodynamic Lubrication
Boundary Lubrication
Thin-Film Lubrication
Superlubricity
Lubricants
Wear
Summary
Exercises
Surfactants, Micelles, Emulsions, and Foams
Surfactants
Spherical Micelles, Cylinders, and Bilayers
Critical Micelle Concentration
Influence of Temperature
Thermodynamics of Micellization
Structure of Surfactant Aggregates
Biological Membranes
Macroemulsions
General Properties
Formation
Stabilization
Evolution and Aging
Coalescence and Demulsification
Microemulsions
Size of Droplets
Elastic Properties of Surfactant Films
Factors Influencing the Structure of Microemulsions
Foams
Classification, Application, and Formation
Structure of Foams
Soap Films
Evolution of Foams
Summary
Exercises
Thin Films on Surfaces of Liquids
Introduction
Phases of Monomolecular Films
Experimental Techniques to Study Monolayers
Optical Microscopy
Infrared and Sum Frequency Generation Spectroscopy
X-Ray Reflection and Diffraction
Surface Potential
Rheologic Properties of Liquid Surfaces
Langmuir-Blodgett Transfer
Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises
Analysis of Diffraction Patterns
Diffraction at Three-Dimensional Crystals
Bragg Condition
Laue Condition
Reciprocal Lattice
Ewald Construction
Diffraction at Surfaces
Intensity of Diffraction Peaks
Symbols and Abbreviations
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