New York State Government What It Does, How It Works

ISBN-10: 1930912161
ISBN-13: 9781930912168
Edition: 2nd 2006
Authors: Robert B. Ward
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Book details

List price: $29.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Publication date: 12/7/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 631
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 2.486
Language: English

Foreword
Acknowledgments
A Broad Impact
An Increasingly Important Role
Why This Book?
A Key Question: What Does State Government Do?
Government Responds
Reform: Is This the Time?
Rising Calls for Reform
Four Categories of Reform
The Budget Process
Legislative Process
The Role of Money in Lobbying
The Role of Money in Campaigns
Redistricting
Policy Reforms
The State Constitution
The Political and Governmental Culture of Albany
The Road Ahead
The Upstate Challenge
A Dramatic Reversal of Economic Fortunes
A Rising Tide, Then an Ebb, of Manufacturing Jobs
Sharp Decline in Upstate Cities
The Upstate Economy Becomes a Political Issue
What Explains Upstate's Long Decline?
Still Some Key Advantages
Looking Ahead
The Governor and Other Statewide Elected Leaders
A Powerful Executive
Who Becomes Governor of New York?
What Does the Governor Do?
Enacting Laws: Constitutional Powers, Political Influence
The Agreement to Create Charter Schools
Persuading Legislators on an Ethics Law
The Power of the Spotlight
The Administrator-in-Chief
Limits to Executive Authority
The Governor's Staff: The "Second Floor"
Governor's Legislation
Assessing Governors
The Lieutenant Governor
Beyond the Governor
The Comptroller
The $128 Billion Job
The Attorney General
The Legislature
The Basics
From Royal Control to the Will of the People
"One Man, One Vote"
The Powers of the Legislature
Limits on Power
How Do The Houses Work?
How a Bill Becomes a Law: The Basics
The Role of the Leadership
The Committee System
Conference Committees: What Was Old is New Again
The Minority: An Important Voice
A "Professional" Legislature
Who Are They? Members of the Legislature Today
Representative Democracy = Politics
Getting Elected
The Judiciary
State Courts: The Mainstream of the U.S. Judiciary
Structure of the Courts
The Constitution on the Courts
An "Absurdly Complex" System
The Trial Courts
Structural Reform?
Appellate Courts
The Court of Appeals
Powers of the Courts
Checks on the Courts' Powers
The Judges
The People's Courts: The Juror's Role
The Constitution
Changes Over Time
The National Context
New York's First Constitution
The 1821 Constitutional Convention: Historic Changes
More Power to the People: The 1846 Convention
Development of the Modern Constitution: 1894-1938
The Constitution at the Turn of the 21st Century: A Bill of Rights - Right at the Start
Structure of State Government: The Legislature
Structure of State Government: The Governor
The Comptroller and the Attorney General
Structure of State Government: The Judiciary
What Government Must, May, and Cannot Do
Driving Constitutional Change: Politics, Society, and Ideas
The 1997 Vote Against a Convention
Constitutional Reform Without a Convention
Appointed Officials, Administrative Law, and the Bureaucracy
Policy, Powers, and People
The Power of Appointed Officials
Patronage, or Performance?
State Agency Powers: Regulation
Regulating Business Relationships
Public Service Commission
Banking and Insurance Regulation
The Banking Department
The Insurance Department
The Department of State
Administrative Law: Authority Under the Statutes
Regulating the Regulators: SAPA
Rulemaking
Executive Chamber Oversight of Regulations
Adjudication
Licensing
Beyond SAPA
From SAPA to GORR
Regulatory Agencies and the Courts
The Workforce
Who Are the State's Workers?
The Legal Environment: Yesterday and Today
The Taylor Law
Resolving Disputes Under the Taylor Law
Bargaining Units and Unions
Repairing a "Calcified" Civil-Service System
Employee Relations in the 21st Century
State Government's Biggest Job: The Budget
Who Are the Players?
How to Measure the Budget?
More Than Meets the Eye
What's in the Budget: The Spending Side
Priorities Change
Where Does the Money Come From?
Cutting Taxes
The Growing Role of State-Sponsored Gambling
The Executive Budget Process
How the Process Unfolds
The Legislature's Role
A Contentious Process
The Continuing Struggle Over Budget Powers
The Battle Over Proposal One
Who Decides, and How?
The Balance of Power
How New York Compares
Why Is Government in New York More Expensive?
More Transparency Under New Accounting Rules
Budget Watchdogs
State Debt and Public Authorities
The Limits on State Debt
The Rise of Public Authorities
Public Authorities Today
State Debt Profile
Criticisms of State Debt and Public Authorities
Reform Efforts: Recent and Proposed
Health and Mental Hygiene
A Multi-Tiered System
Where It Began: Public Health
State Government's Growing Involvement
A Broad Range of Powers
Regulating and Providing Health Care
Medicaid
Expanding Services, and Growing Costs
Political Support
Hospital Funding and Long-Term Care
Major Changes Coming for Hospitals and Nursing Homes
Medicaid Managed Care
Expanding Health Coverage
Recent Developments: Addressing Local Costs and Fraud
Regulating Health Care
Health Department Institutions
Vital Statistics and Other Responsibilities
Mental Hygiene
Mental Health
Mental Retardation
Alcoholism and Substance Abuse
Overseeing Quality of Care
Education
Overview of Education Policymaking
The Regents: Broad Powers
The Constitution and the Board of Regents
Early Public Education in New York
The Statewide Education System Today
Academics: Curriculum, Teaching, and Assessment
Operational Mandates
Charter Schools
School Finance
Court Rulings and Education Finance
Private Schools and Home Schooling
Higher Education
Creating SUNY
SUNY University Centers
City University of New York
Influences on Education Policy
Regulation of Professions
Serving Individuals with Disabilities
State Museum and Archives
Transportation and Economic Development
Early Transportation and the Great Canal
Growth and Decline of the Canal System
Changes in Administrative Structure
The Modern Department of Transportation
The Thruway
Mass Transportation
Airports
Major Questions Over Future Capital Needs
Economic Development
The Business Climate
The "Coupon" Strategy
A Major New Incentive Program
What Works in Economic Development?
New York's Advantages and Competitive Challenges
Labor and Family Assistance
An Overview
Helping the Poor: Early Efforts
State and County Governments Get Involved
Cash Assistance
The Road to Welfare Reform
The Role of the State Constitution
The Changing Politics of Welfare
Welfare Reform in New York
After Reform
A New Administrative Structure
A State and Local System
Office of Children and Family Services
Child Care
Protecting Children
Foster Care
Adoption
Labor Policy in New York
Labor Starts to Gain Power
Early Legislation
The Triangle Fire Leads to More Laws
Labor's Modern Political Involvement
The Labor Department Today
Unemployment Insurance
Job Services
Regulating Wages
Workers' Compensation
Public Protection
Structure of the Criminal Justice System
Crime in New York
The Penal Law
Evolving Concepts of What the Law Should Proscribe
The Police
The State Police
Other Police and Peace Officers
Prosecution and the Courts
Protections for the Accused
The Role of the Attorney General
Disposition of Offenders and Sentencing
The Prisons: Punishment and Rehabilitation
Development of Prisons in New York
Modern Administration of Corrections
Attica
Recent Changes in Corrections
Probation and Parole
Younger Offenders
Tougher Punishment, More Programming
Commission of Correction
Help for Crime Victims
Homeland Security
Environment and Parks
Long Before Earth Day
"Make It a Forest Forever"
The Conservation Department
The Emerging Issue of Environmental Quality
DEC and the Environmental Conservation Law
DEC Today
Lands and Forests
Conservation Officers and Forest Rangers
Related Agencies
The Adirondacks: A Special Case
Environmental Progress
Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation
Origins of the State Parks System
Historic Preservation
A Broad Agenda
The 3,166 Local Governments: History and Structure
Four Types of General Government
Why All These Local Governments?
Major Units of Local Government: Counties
Structure of County Governments
Counties in the 21st Century
Major Units of Local Government: Cities, Towns and Villages
Cities
Downstate Vitality - New York City
Upstate Decline
Towns
Villages
Fire Districts
Condos, Coops and Other 'Private Neighborhoods'
Cutting Across Local-Government Barriers
Local Government Finance
The Property Tax: Who Pays, and How Much?
Tough Fiscal Challenges, for Localities and Taxpayers Alike
Regional Planning: Not Much
Initiative and Referendum
The State-Local Paradox: Home Rule and State Mandates
The Municipal Home Rule Law
The Fiscal Connection
The Mandate Problem
A Changing Fiscal Relationship
Next: Changing School Finance?
Land Use: Power for Localities But Still Subject to State Regulations
The People's Government
Voting
Political Parties
Lobbying
Regulation of Lobbying
New Rules for Lobbying
A Variety of Interests in Albany
Campaign Contributions
What Purpose Do Political Contributions Serve?
What Can a Citizen Do?
The Role of Interest Groups
Strategies for Influencing Policy
Accountability
Open Government
The News Media
Performance Measurement in New York
Does Measurement Improve Performance?
Performance Measurement on the Rise Nationally
Federalism: What Is the Role of State Governments?
Shifts in the Balance of Powers
Federalism Today
The Bottom Line: Expanding the Public Sector?
Interstate Activities
Continuing Debate Over the Balance of Power
The Future of Federalism
Education Policy
The Role of Lobbyists and 'Earmarking'in Federal Funding
Insurance Regulation
A Legislative Case Study: Domestic Relations Law

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