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    Principles of Lake Sedimentology

    ISBN-10: 1930665547
    ISBN-13: 9781930665545
    Author(s): Lars Hakanson, Mats Jansson
    Buy it from: $66.30
    This item will ship on Monday, January 26 .

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    Publisher: Blackburn Press, The
    Binding: Paperback
    Pages: 332
    Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
    Weight: 0.990
    Language: English

    Prologuep. 1
    Lake Types and Sediment Typesp. 5
    Lake Classificationsp. 5
    Genetic Lake Typesp. 5
    Trophic Level Classificationsp. 12
    Thermal Lake Typesp. 14
    Sediment Classificationsp. 17
    Genetic Sediment Typesp. 19
    Descriptive Sediment Classificationsp. 22
    Lake Type versus Sediment Typep. 24
    Methods of Samplingp. 32
    General Requirements on Sampling Equipmentp. 32
    Types of Sampling Systemp. 37
    Number of Samplesp. 39
    The Sample Formulap. 40
    Sampling in Different Environments--Statistical Aspectsp. 43
    Sub-Samplingp. 48
    Sediment Trapsp. 53
    Physics of Sedimentation in Vesselsp. 53
    Geometry of Vesselsp. 56
    Practical Aspectsp. 60
    Problems with Sediment Trapsp. 61
    The Cone Apparatus for in Situ Determination of Sediment Typesp. 62
    Methods of Defining Concentrationsp. 65
    Sampling of Sediment Pore Waterp. 69
    Physical and Chemical Sediment Parametersp. 73
    Physical Parametersp. 73
    Water Contentp. 73
    Loss on Ignition (Organic Content)p. 76
    Bulk Densityp. 80
    Grain Sizep. 82
    Methods of Analysisp. 82
    Grain Size Classificationsp. 84
    Statistical Definitionsp. 87
    Grain Size Interrelationshipsp. 91
    Chemical Parametersp. 95
    Elemental Compositionp. 95
    Organic Carbon Compoundsp. 98
    Humic Compoundsp. 98
    Other Organic Substancesp. 100
    Minerals in Lake Sedimentsp. 101
    Carbonatesp. 101
    Silicatesp. 104
    Ironp. 107
    Phosphorusp. 108
    Sulfidesp. 112
    Heavy Metalsp. 113
    Biological Parametersp. 118
    Sediment-Living Algaep. 118
    Macrophytesp. 121
    Benthic Invertebratesp. 122
    Important Forms of Benthic Animalsp. 123
    Feeding Mechanisms and Food Types Among Insectsp. 127
    Distribution of Benthic Fauna Within Lakesp. 127
    Benthic Lake Typologiesp. 131
    Bacteriap. 133
    Functional Classification of Bacteriap. 134
    Bacterial Turnover of Important Elementsp. 135
    Oxidation and Reduction of Nitrogen Compoundsp. 135
    Oxidation and Reduction of Sulfur Compoundsp. 136
    Oxidation and Reduction of Ironp. 138
    Fermentationp. 138
    Methane Formationp. 139
    Decomposition of Organic Material--General Conceptsp. 139
    Strategies and Methods for Determination of Bacterial Activityp. 143
    The Whole-Lake Approachp. 143
    Bacterial Activity in Experimental Proceduresp. 143
    Parameters Reflecting Total Bacterial Activityp. 145
    Factors Reflecting Defined Parts of Bacterial Activityp. 147
    Sedimentation in Lakes and Water Dynamicsp. 148
    Physics of Sedimentation in Lakesp. 148
    Geography of Sedimentation in Lakesp. 156
    River-Mouth Areasp. 157
    Delta Sedimentationp. 157
    River Plume Sedimentationp. 159
    The Borderline Between River Action and Wind/Wave Actionp. 164
    Open Water Areasp. 170
    Temporal Variationsp. 174
    Lake Bottom Dynamicsp. 177
    Definitionsp. 177
    Processes of Resuspensionp. 181
    Entrainmentp. 181
    Turbidific Sedimentationp. 184
    Wind/Wave Influencesp. 188
    Topographical Influencesp. 194
    Methods to Determine Prevailing Bottom Dynamicsp. 200
    Lake-Specific Methodsp. 201
    The Energy-Topography Formulap. 201
    The Characteristic Water Content Modelp. 202
    Site-Specific Methodsp. 204
    The ETA-Diagramp. 205
    The Cone Apparatusp. 206
    Sediment Dynamics and Sediment Agep. 213
    Laminated Sedimentsp. 213
    Bioturbationp. 218
    Introductionp. 218
    Patchinessp. 219
    Areal Patchinessp. 219
    Vertical Patchinessp. 222
    Temporal Patchinessp. 222
    Species-Specific Patchinessp. 222
    Modelling of Bioturbation/Biotransportp. 224
    A Dynamic Modelp. 225
    An Empirical Modelp. 232
    Sediment Age and Age Determinationp. 237
    Methods of Age Determinationp. 237
    Lead-210p. 241
    Cesium-137p. 243
    Release of Substances from Lake Sediments--the Example of Phosphorusp. 244
    Background and Presuppositionsp. 244
    Factors of Importance for Mobilization of Phosphorusp. 246
    Fractional Distribution of Particulate Phosphorusp. 246
    Redox Conditionsp. 247
    pHp. 248
    Microbial Mineralizationp. 249
    Equilibrium Reactionsp. 250
    Transport Mechanismsp. 250
    Phosphorus in Sediment Pore Waterp. 250
    Diffusionp. 253
    Turbulent Mixing/Bottom Dynamicsp. 253
    Bioturbationp. 254
    Gas Convectionp. 254
    A General View of Phosphorus Releasep. 255
    Sediments in Aquatic Pollution Control Programmesp. 258
    Introductionp. 258
    Why Use Sediments?p. 258
    How to Use Sedimentsp. 262
    Principles of Metal Distribution in Aquatic Systemsp. 263
    The Type of Metal and Type of Pollutionp. 264
    The "Carrier Particles"p. 265
    The Environmental Characteristicsp. 269
    Natural Background Levelsp. 271
    The Contamination Factorp. 273
    Case Study--River Kolbacksanp. 274
    The Degree of Contaminationp. 280
    Epiloguep. 283
    Table for Student's t-Distributionp. 285
    Computer Programmes in BASIC for Determination of Biotransport, Time Stratification and Sediment Compactionp. 286
    Referencesp. 295
    Subject Indexp. 309
    Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

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