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Engineering in Emergencies A Practical Guide for Relief Workers

ISBN-10: 1853395218
ISBN-13: 9781853395215
Edition: 2nd 2002 (Revised)
List price: $59.95
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Description: This is a hugely successful practical handbook for all relief workers involved in giving humanitarian assistance. It provides the information needed to implement an effective engineering response in the aftermath of an emergency. This second  More...

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Book details

List price: $59.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Practical Action Publishing
Publication date: 2/7/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 728
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.398
Language: English

This is a hugely successful practical handbook for all relief workers involved in giving humanitarian assistance. It provides the information needed to implement an effective engineering response in the aftermath of an emergency. This second edition maintains the practical content of the first but has been revised and updated to reflect developments in humanitarian relief in recent years. The combination of "hard" topics, such as water and sanitation, and "soft" topics, such as managerial skills and personal effectiveness, has been retained from the original edition and the book expanded to include two new chapters on security and telecommunications. The new second edition will be available both as a paperback book, and a hardwearing field edition with pvc cover and handy CD-ROM included for portability. Engineering in Emergencies was developed in collaboration with the agency RedR - Engineers for Disaster Relief

Jan Davis is a chartered engineer with experience in both emergency relief and long-term development. He has worked for Oxfam as an emergency water engineer and is currently a Senior Training Officer responsible for delivering RedR's training programme.

Robert Lambert has a dual appointment at the University of Nottingham, UK, as lecturer in environmental history and lecturer in tourism and the environment. He is also a Senior Honorary Research Fellow at the University of Western Australia and co-editor of the journal Environment and History.

Introduction
Emergencies
An overview of disasters and emergencies
Disasters and emergencies
Relief and development
The people in emergencies
Directly and indirectly affected people
Refugees and displaced people
Power relations and vulnerability
Humanitarian principles and standards
The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement--fundamental principles
Red Cross and Red Crescent/NGO Code of Conduct
InterAction's PVO standards
Humanitarian Accountability Project
The Sphere Project
The Geneva Conventions and Protocols
The humanitarian relief system
Sources of relief
Government agencies and co-ordination mechanisms
Co-ordination mechanisms
Donors
The United Nations system
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
NGOs (non-governmental organizations)
The private sector and research institutions
Private sector
Specialist institutions
Military organizations
Personal effectiveness
Who will be effective?
Personal planning
Before your assignment
During your assignment
After your assignment
Personal health care
Stress
Working with different cultures
Cultural awareness
Culture shock
Issues of conscience
Publicity and the media
Personal security
Situation awareness
Security strategies
Acceptance
Protection
Deterrence
Security procedures
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)
Contingencies
Self-management, teamwork and preparedness
Self-management
Teamwork
Preparation
Assessment and planning
Assessment
Needs and resources
The assessment process
Writing an assessment report
Planning in emergencies
Planning framework
Principles and guidelines
Planning bar charts
Techniques for the collection and analysis of information
Interviewing
Brainstorming
Direct observation
Participatory mapping
Ranking
Questionnaire surveys
Refugee profiles, context, activities and resources
Management
Management functions, styles and structures
Functions of management
Management styles
Management structures
Professionalism
Managing people
Self-management
Recruitment
Motivation
Working with a large labour force
Working with host and displaced communities
Working with colleagues
Working with contractors
Information and communication
Information and record keeping
Communication
Meetings
Negotiation and conflict resolution
Negotiation
Conflict resolution
Office practice
Filing system
Office procedures
Financial management
Budgeting
Budget codes
Monitoring
Regular accounting
Security of cash
Training
Organizing training
Training yourself
Logistics
Overview of a logistics system
Procurement
Specifying
Ordering
Purchasing
Supply and transport
Freight
Transport
Specialist items
Documentation
Waybills and Bills of Lading
Customs: import and export documentation
Receiving, storing and issuing goods
Stores management
Storage of specialist items
Goods handling equipment
Telecommunications
Introduction
Safety first
Frequency, wavelength and physical effects
Radio equipment selection
VHF (Very High Frequency) radio
HF (High Frequency) radio
Antennas
Satellite communications
Radio operation
Legal issues
Environmental health
Introduction
The health of a disaster-affected population
Environmental health controls
Establishing an environmental health programme
Cholera control
Hygiene promotion
Environmental sanitation
Excreta disposal--assessment and planning
A strategy for action
Factors to consider
Excreta--immediate actions
Control of indiscriminate defecation
Defecation fields
Medium-term measures for excreta disposal
General guidelines for latrines
Communal latrines
Pit latrines
Improvements to existing latrines
Borehole latrines
Simple pit latrines
Ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines
Disposal of sullage and runoff
Sullage
Rainfall runoff
Refuse disposal
Sources and types of refuse
Refuse collection
Refuse disposal methods
Hospital wastes
Disposal of the dead
Cultural practices and needs
Burial
Insects and rodents
Insect control
Rodent control
Emergency water supply
Assessment
Assessment approach
Contamination of water sources
Immediate actions
Medium- to long-term actions
The medium term
The longer term
Levels of service and local water supplies
Water quantity and quality
How much water do people need?
Drinking water quality
Water tankering
Is tankering necessary and viable?
Organizing tankering
Water distribution with tankers
Water source development
Water source assessment
Surface water
Assessment of surface water sources
Abstraction from surface water sources
Small dams
Sand-storage and sub-surface dams
Groundwater
Groundwater basics
Springs
Wells: location and construction
Dug wells
Hand drilled and jetted wells
Machine drilled boreholes
Rainwater
Roof collection
Ground catchments
Water storage, treatment and distribution
Assessment and planning
Planning strategy
Stages in a water supply system
Assessment of treatment and storage requirements
Operation of a water supply system
Water storage
Principal considerations
Rigid and flexible emergency tanks
Ground tanks
Water storage packs
Ferrocement water tanks
Improvised water towers
Domestic water storage
Tank repairs
Water tanks in freezing conditions
Water treatment
Pre-treatment
Filtration
Disinfection
Chemical dosing equipment
Packaged water treatment plant
Desalination
Water transmission and distribution
Pipes
Valves and tapstands
Pipeline design
Pumps
Pump types and applications
Pumping head, discharge and power
Pump ratings, head and suction lift
Pump power and efficiency
Pump classification and characteristics
Centrifugal pumps
General
Surface mounted centrifugal pump
Electric submersible centrifugal pump
Positive displacement pumps
Helical rotor pumps
Installation and operation
Lifting water by hand
Selection and operation of pumps
General guidelines on pump installation and maintenance
Selecting and specifying pumps
Mechanical plant
Assessment and planning
Selection of equipment
Operation and maintenance
Internal combustion (IC) engines
Maintenance of internal combustion engines
Petrol engines
Diesel engines
Compressed air plant
Compressors
Compressed air plant for construction work
Grinding mills
Belt and shaft drives
Electrical plant
Simple electrical systems
A typical electrical installation
Safety
Some basic electrical principles
Electrical power generation
Cabling configurations
Electrical power and power factor
Generators
Basic types
Sizing and specifying generators
Installation of generators
Solar power
Cables
Electrical protection
Circuit protection
Protection of electrical enclosures
Induction motors
Sizing motors
Induction motor starters
Operating electric motor driven pumps
Vehicles
Vehicle selection and specification
Sources of vehicles
Vehicle selection
Vehicle specification
Trucks
Tyres
Vehicle management
Vehicle administration
Drivers
Safety and accident procedures
Fuel and lubricants
Vehicle workshops
Workshop requirements
Workshop staff
Spares and stores
Servicing and maintenance
Driving techniques and vehicle recovery
Driving techniques
Vehicle recovery
Roads, crossings and airstrips
Introduction
Planning improved access
Choice and design of road
Assessing existing roads and crossings
Inspection and inventory
Local capacity
Bridge assessment
Design and construction of unpaved roads
First considerations
Planning road construction
Route selection and clearance
Drainage and erosion control
Road building materials
Earthworks
Road repair and maintenance
Crossings
Choice of crossing
Culverts
Fords and drifts
Small emergency timber bridges
Prefabricated modular bridges
Floating bridges and causeways
Aerial ropeways
Airstrips
General
Temporary airstrip assessment and preparation
Shelter and built infrastructure
Shelter in emergencies
Shelter options
Blankets and clothing
Family shelter
Built infrastructure
Storage requirements
Types of storage facilities
Hospitals, health and feeding centres
Building construction
Materials
Concrete
Brick, block and mud walls
Mortar and plaster
Timber
Building details
Damage assessment and building survey
Damage assessment
Notes on materials
Temporary settlements
Introduction
Preparedness planning
Self-settlement
Moving people
Site selection
Selection process
Site selection criteria and weightings
Ranking sites
Temporary settlement planning
Key principles
The settlement planning process
Settlement layout and services
Settlement management
Appendices
Acronyms and abbreviations
Web sites
Sphere minimum standards
Situation report
Contract documentation
Water well construction contract guidelines
Employment contract and job description
Sanitary survey checklists
Discharge measurements and estimates
Aquifer properties and well hydraulics
Hand augers
Compressed air tool package for open well construction
Pipe and hose specifications
Pipe and hose fittings
Valves
Water flow in pipes--head loss data
Gabions and mattresses
Anchorages
Sheers and gyns
Soil classification, identification and testing
Temporary support of excavations
Beam calculations
Basic engineering surveying and setting out
Food and nutrition
Unit conversion tables

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