Inside Cultures A New Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

ISBN-10: 1598746057
ISBN-13: 9781598746051
Edition: 2012
List price: $59.95 Buy it from $6.73
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Description: New ways of viewing culture require new approaches to anthropology textbooks. This concise, contemporary, and inexpensive alternative option for instructors of cultural anthropology breaks away from the traditional structure of introductory  More...

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Book details

List price: $59.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 3/31/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 344
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.650
Language: English

New ways of viewing culture require new approaches to anthropology textbooks. This concise, contemporary, and inexpensive alternative option for instructors of cultural anthropology breaks away from the traditional structure of introductory textbooks. Emphasizing the interplay of complexity and subsistence,the interaction between humans and their environment, the tension between human universals and cultural variation, and the impacts of colonialism on traditional cultures, William Balée’s new textbook shows students how cultural anthropology can help us understand the complex, globalized world around us. Personal stories of the author’s fieldwork in Amazonia, sidebars with fascinating cases of cultures in action, timelines, and other pedagogical elements enliven the text for undergraduate readers.

Preface
Acknowledgments
The Study of Us
Overview
Cultural Anthropology and General Anthropology
The Species Known as "Us"
The Four Fields
Cultural Anthropology
Physical Anthropology
Anthropological Archaeology
Linguistic Anthropology
Holism and the Four Fields
Culture and Change
Anthropology and Related Disciplines
Summary
Sociocultural Universals
Overview
The Capacity for Culture
Cumulative Culture
The Capacity for Language
Animal Communication
Attributes of Language
Nine Universals
Sociality
Concepts of Human Relatedness
Transmission of Culture: Enculturation and Diffusion
Religion and Art
Rules Governing Behavior
The Notion of Taboo
Ethnocentrism
Sex and Gender
Age Categories
Economy and Exchange
Reciprocity
Thinking about and Classifying the Environment
Basic Color Terms
Names for Flora and Fauna
Summary
Cultural Variation
Overview
Variation in Key Cultural Institutions
Naming Practices
Kinds of Names
Rites of Passage
Birth Rites
Rites of Initiation
Taboos
Food Taboos
Contact and Verbal Taboos
Enculturation
Ethnocentrism
Racism
Gender
Religion
Animism and Totemism
Organizing Behavior and Belief
Cosmologies and Explanations of the Unknown
Economic Organization
Redistribution
Taxation
Classification
Summary
Where Anthropology Comes From
Overview
The Eighteenth Century
The Enlightenment in Europe and North America
The Nineteenth Century
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
Lewis Henry Morgan (1818-1881)
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
Museums
The Early Twentieth Century
Franz Boas (1858-1942) and the Boasian Research Program
Salvage Ethnography
Patterns and Configurations of Culture
Culture and Personality
The Problem of Reductionism
Community Studies
Social Anthropology in Europe
An Exception to Economic Man
The Organization of Primitive Society
Structural-Functionalism
Summary
Contemporary Theory and Method
Overview
Modernism
Cultural Evolution in a New Guise
Social and Cultural Anthropology
Social Structure and Totemism
Ecological and Materialist Theories
Postmodernism
Culture as Text
Power and Discourse
Anthropological Sciences versus Humanist Trends
Methods in Cultural Anthropology
Participation Observation Revisited
Arrival Scenes
Observations and Interviews
Ethnographic Writing
The Ethnographic Toolkit
Demographic Sampling
Studying the Past: Documentary Analysis
Studying the Past: Oral History
Visual Anthropology
Studying the Use of Time
Free Listing
Summary
Social Organization
Overview
One Species, Two Sexes
The Sexual Division of Labor
Gender and Marriage
How and Why People Get Married
Usual Marriage Forms
Contracting of Marriage
Bridewealth
Brideservice
Dowry
Postmarital Residence
Descent Rules
The Atom of Kinship
A Minimal Society Constructed from Kinship
The Classification of Relatives
Hawaiian and Sudanese Kinship Systems
Eskimo Kinship System
The Kindred
Summary
Politics and Power in Society
Overview
The Segmentary Model of Society
Social and Political Differentiation
Egalitarianism
Egalitarianism and Artificial Scarcities
Ranking
Stratification
Theories of the State
Minimal Complexity
Complexification
Hydraulic Theory
Multilinear Evolution
Environmental Circumscription
Complexity and Ethnicity
Centralization of Authority
Ethnic Diversity in States
Summary
Ecology, Landscape, and Culture
Overview
Environmental Impacts of Humans and Their Ancestors
Pleistocene Overkill?
The Impact of Agriculture on Landscapes
The Impact of Hunter-Gatherers on Landscapes
Hunter-Gatherers: Simple and Complex
Simple Hunter-Gatherers
Complex Hunter-Gatherers
Agrarian Society
Extensive Agriculture
The Tropics
Temperate North America
Forest Islands of West Africa
Intensive Agriculture
Nomadic Pastoralism
Industrial Agriculture
Summary
Colonialism and the World System
Overview
What Is Colonialism?
The World System
The Expansion of Europe
Europe and the Americas Encounter Each Other
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
Millenarianism and New Ethnic Identities
Colonialism in Africa and Australia
The Rise of Money and Capital Markets
Money and Empire
Ethnic Identity
Ethnic Politics and the State
Summary
Collapse and Change
Overview
Explanations for Collapse
Overshoot
Revolt and Rebellion
Climate Change
Conquest and Colonization
A Multivariate View of Collapse
Collapses of Civilization
Foragers and Farmers
Do Foragers Exist?
Loss of Agriculture
Summary
Applications of Cultural Anthropology
Overview
Applied Anthropology
New Methods, New Research
Who Benefits?
Anthropology and the Military
Cultural Anthropology in World War II
Counterinsurgency Efforts during the Cold War
Embedding Anthropologists and the Human Terrain System
Prospects for Applied Anthropology in a Globalized World
Medical Applications
Food Security and Overnutrition
Demystifying Ethnicity and Ethnotourism
Aiding Cooperatives
Summary
Globalization and Indigeneity
Overview
Globalization
Earlier Kinds of Globalization?
The Twenty-First Century
Follow the Money
Globalization and Cultural Anthropology
Indigeneity
Resurgence
Challenges to the Concept of Indigeneity
Indigeneity, Globalization, and Language Loss
Indigeneity and Landscapes
Cultural Anthropology as Transduction
Summary
Concluding Remarks
Glossary
References
Index
About the Author

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